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38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
"marriage movement" diversity seen
Conservative
"diversity defenders"
Liberal side
In 1990s _____ in 6 TV families were headed by a divorced or separated parents
1
By 1990s the majority of female mothers worked...
outside the home
A group of people, related by blood, marriage or adoption, live together, make up an economic unit, bear and raise children
a traditional definition of a family
Four functions of a family..
1. Sexual regulation
2. Socialization
3. Economic and Psychological Support
4. Provision of social status
6 reasons people get married:
1. In love
2. Desiring companionship or sex
3. wanting children
4. social pressure
5. attempting to escape parents
6. having greater resources
Emphasis on self-reliance and person achievement
Utilitarian Individualism
Emphasis on developing one's feelings and emotional satisifcation
Expressive Individualism
What competes with individualism
Marriage
-cost and benefits of the family
-children
Public Family
Cost or benefits that accrue to others when an individual or buisness produces something
Externalities
2 or more individuals
maintain an intimate relationship that they expect will last
live in same house
pool their income and houshold labor
private family
Two Perspectives of Theories
Classical
Contemporary
Classical perspectives:
Functionalist, conflict, exchange, symbolic interaction
Contemporary perspectives:
feminist, evolutionary
1.Society is composed of interrelated parts that work together to maintain stability
2. 5 fundamental parts of society
Functionalist Perspective
5 fundamental parts of society
Circle of Economy, Family, Education, Politics, Religion
Instrumental need and higher value
Breadwinner
Expressive need
Homemaker
We are in a battle over scarce resources, focuses on inequality and power
Conflict Perspective
1. Women do household and childcare services. Men provide the income and perform outside labor.
Exchange Perspective
When women own money on their own, the dependence ______ and therefore their husbands' power over them ________.
Decreases, Decreases
1. We interpret symbols of how people act
2. Shared understandings of how people should act, create the basis of social roles that people play
Symbolic Interaction Perspective
1. Gender defines social roles and cultural characteristics
2. Roles have no biological reason behind them, are culturally dictated, and socially constructed.
3. Roles are constructed to give men power
Feminist Perspective
1. Humans past affect how they think or behave
2. Women reproduced and tried to find men who provided protection and support
3. Men maximized their reproduction potential by impregnating many women and controlling sexual access to women
Evolutionary Psychology Perspective
A married couple with children in which the father worked for pay and mother did not
Breadwinner-homemaker family
A loose group of conservative and centrist activists, religious leaders, and social scientists who want to stregthen the institution of marriage. Sometimes called Tradtionalists. Childrearing being an important part of marriage.
Marriage Movement
Liberal activists, feminists, and like minded social scientists who focus less on childrearing and more ont he personal rewards that fmaily life provides to adults. Being a single parent is ok.
Diversity Defenders
A style of life in which individuals pursue their own interests and place great importance on developing a personally rewarding life
Individualism
100% of adults replying to "very important" when asked how important the values are said
Being responsible for my own actions
The Countries of Western Europe and the overseas English-Speaking Countries: the united states, canada, Australia, and New Zealand
Western Nations
A marriage system in which people are allowed only one spouse
monogamy
a marriage system in which men or women are allowed to have more than one spouse
polygamy
the costs imposed on other individuals or businesses when an individual or business produce something or value to itself
negative externalities
benefits received by others when an individual or business produces something, but for which the producer is not fully compensated
postive externalities
things that may be enjoyed by people who do not themselves produce them
public goods
the dominant sociological perspective in the 1950s was
functionalist perspective