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13 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
sagittal plane
divides body into right and left sides
sagittal plane that divides the body into equal parts, left and right, down the middle
parasagittal planes
sagittal planes dividing body into unequal right and left parts
frontal plane/coronal plane
divides body or organ into anterior and posterior
transverse plane
divides body into superior and inferior parts - called cross sections in organs
longitudinal cut
either sagittal or frontal
dorsal body cavity
consists of cranial and vertebral (spinal) cavities, considered continuous
ventral body cavity
consists of thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities, although abdominal and pelvic cavities are continuous

diaphragm separates thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities

pelvic cavity is dorsal, or posterior, to abdominal
serosa (serous membrane)
covers walls of ventral body cavity and organ surfaces


double-layered membrane

subdivided into parietal and visceral, which are continuous and describe whether membrane covers cavity walls or organs respectively

secrete fluid to lessen friction

contain infection

also subdivided into peritoneum, pleura, and pericardium
serosa or serous membrane (both parietal and visceral) in abdominal cavity
serous membranes (serosa), i guess this would be viceral only, enclosing lungs
visceral serosa (or serous) membrane enclosing heart
can also be referred to as iliac