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26 Cards in this Set

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Baker v. Carr (1962)
Required state legislatures to apportion electoral districts so that all citizens votes had equal weight
fletcher v. peck (1810)
A contract is a contract and can't be imposed upon by the legislature
Dartmouth College vs. Woodward (1819)
Dartmouth was to be kept a private school - enforced fletcher v. peck
Gibbons v. ogden
Gave fede gov the right to regulate surrounding water ports of interstate borders
mccullough v. maryland
upheld the constitutionality of the National Bank
Munn v. Illinois (1877)
Allowed state legislature to fix railroad rates inside the border
Wabash, St. Louis, & Pacific Railway Co. v. Illinois (1886)
One of the granger laws was ruled unconstitutional - interstate commerce
schenk v. united states (1919)
people could't say anything bad about the government
Gitlow v. New York (1925)
Any attempt to foster the voilent overthrow of government is illegal.. reaffirmed freedeom
Debs v. United States
Debs was sentenced to prison after attempting to cause mutity and treason in protest of us entry in WW1.
schecter poultry corp. v the united states (1933)
invalidated regulations by the poultry industry under the national recovery act. wage fixing
united states v. butler (1933)
the agricultural adjustment act was unconstitutional
Dennis v. united states (1951)
Defendants' convictions for conspiring to overthrow the U.S. government by force through their participation in the Communist Party were not in violation of the First Amendment.
Yates vs. United States (1957)
The Court held that for the Smith Act to be violated, people must be encouraged to do something, rather than merely to believe in something. The Court drew a distinction between a statement of an idea and the advocacy that a certain action be taken.
tinker v. des moines (1969)
In favor of kids - symbolic speech (the black arm bands)
united states vs. nixon (1972)
limited power of president - not above the law
ex parte milligan (1866)
Holding
Suspension of habeas corpus is unconstitutional when civilian courts are still operating; the Constitution provided for suspension of habeas corpus only if civilian courts are actually forced closed.
in re debs (1895)
The court ruled that the government had a right to regulate interstate commerce and ensure the operations of the Postal Service, along with a responsibility to "ensure the general welfare of the public."
lochner v. new york (1905)
New York's regulation of the working hours of bakers was not a justifiable restriction of the right to contract freely under the 14th Amendment's guarantee of liberty.
hazelwood school district v. kulmeier (1988)
The Court held that public school curricular student newspapers that have not been established as forums for student expression are subject to a lower level of First Amendment protection than independent student expression or newspapers established (by policy or practice) as forums for student expression.
mapp v. ohio (1961)
The Fourth Amendment prohibition against unreasonable searches and seizures, as applied to the states through the Fourteenth, excludes unconstitutionally obtained evidence from use in criminal prosecutions. U.S. Supreme Court reversed
New Jersey v. T.L.O (1984)
School officials are State agents when enforcing disciplinary rules mandated by law. Officials may search without a warrant using reasonable suspicion of a violation of the law or school rules.
university of california regents v. bakke (1976)
The Court held that while affirmative action systems are constitutional, a quota system based on race is unconstitutional.
engle v. vitale (1962)
Government-directed, denominationally neutral and non-mandatory prayer in public schools violates the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment.
abington v. schempp (1963)
Holding
The Court decided 8-1 in favor of the respondent, Edward Schempp, and declared sanctioned organized Bible reading in public schools in the United States to be unconstitutional.
epperson v. arkansas (1968)
States may not require curricula to align with the views of any particular religion.