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30 Cards in this Set

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two income households- dual earner families
both married partners are employed outside home, only small number of such households had significant amount of discretitionalry income after paying bills
dual career couples
profcessional careers that require a fari amount of traveling, about 5% of dual earner families
value of housework
when one spouse participates int the others career behind the scenes without recognition or pay, ex first ladies, wives who entertain their husbands who are in business
poverty line
feed fam of 4 3x day, 15,000. children and elderly hardest. 25% of children go to bed hungry, live in poor.
elderly women hit hardest, even with increases in social security
1/3 blacks and hispanics in poverty
commuter marriage
married couples who work in different geogrpahic locations and get together intermittenly weekends
commuter marriage costs
– TRAVEL EXPENSES
– FEELINGS OF ISOLATION
– EXTRAMARITAL AFFAIRS
– NOT HELPING WITH CHILD CARE
• SUPERSUCCESS SYNDROME
– FEELINGS OF GUILT ABOUT ABSENCES
– SUCCESS WITH CAREER AT ALL COSTS
commuter marriage benefits
– MORE TIME FOR PERSONAL GROWTH
– MORE ATTENTION TO WORK
– FORCED REEXAMINATION OF MARRIAGE
working poor
• OVER 10 PERCENT OF POOR PERSONS WORKED YEAR-ROUND, FULL-TIME
• 35 PERCENT OF POOR FAMILY HOUSEHOLDERS WORKED, AND 6 PERCENT YEAR-ROUND, FULL-TIME
• IN 4 PERCENT OF MARRIED-COUPLE POOR FAMILIES AT LEAST ONE SPOUSE WORKED AND IN OVER 12 PERCENT, BOTH WORKED FULL-TIME
• NEARLY 40 PERCENT OF POOR FEMALE HEADED HOUSEHOLDERS WORKED AND OVER 7 PERCENT WORKED YEAR-ROUND, FULL-TIME
poverty suprise
poverty in burbs- over 1/3 in poverty in burbs, mostly ageing white people. minority and criminals have moved into many of these neighborhoods
stressors
events with the potential of causing major change in a family system
crisis
the period of disorganization resulting from a strsessor that ordinarly coping mechanisms have trouble dealing with
types of stressors
Hassles are small problems that accumulate to induce major stress
– Time pressures to get things done
– Financial concerns
– Problems with family and coworkers
• Frustration is a negative emotional state associated with a blocked goal
• Conflicts arise when choosing between 2 incompatible alternatives
stressor overload
A family may be stressed not just by one serious, chronic problem but also by a series of large or small related or unrelated stressors that build on one another too rapidly for the family members to cope effectively. Stressor overload creeps up on people without realizing it.
abc-x model of family chrisis
states that A (the stressor event) interacting with B (the family’s ability to cope with a crisis, their crisis-meeting resource) interacting with C (the family’s appraisal of the stressor event) produces X (the crisis). A would be the demands put upon a family, B would be the family’s capabilities-resources and coping behaviors, and C would be the meanings that the family creates to explain demands.
meeting chrises creatively
• HAVING A POSITIVE OUTLOOK
• OPEN, SUPPORTIVE COMMUNICATION
• HAVING SPIRITUAL VALUES OR BELONGING TO SUPPORT GROUPS
• SEEKING OUT INFORMAL SOCIAL SUPPORT
• RELYING ON EXTENDED FAMILY
• USING COMMUNITY RESOURCES
• ADAPTABILITY
disorganization period
• THIS PERIOD CAN CAUSE A GREAT DEAL OF CONFLICT
• COMMUNICATION CAN BREAK DOWN
• DISAGREEMENTS ON HOW TO HANDLE THE CRISIS CAN CREATE DISTANCE BETWEEN PARTNERS
• OFTEN THE PARTNERS WILL WITHDRAW, EVEN AWAY FROM FAMILY MEMBERS AND FRIENDS
• RESPONSE TO THE “NADIR” OR LOW POINT CAN BE TELLING ABOUT THE ABILITY TO RECOVER FROM THE CRISIS
resilient
resilient relationships, mutual acceptance, respect, shared values, predictable routines and rituals, time spent together
vulnerable relationships
low sence of common purpose, lower respect for each other, advoidence, problems shifting responsibilities
patterns of decent
look at graph
power bases
coercive power, reward power, expert power, informational power, referent power, legitimate power
coercive power
IS BASED ON THE DOMINANT PERSON’S ABILITY AND WILLINGNESS TO PUNISH THE PARTNER EITHER WITH PSYCHOLOGICAL-EMOTIONAL ABUSE OR PHYSICAL VIOLENCE OR MORE SUBTLY, BYWITHHOLDING FAVORS OR AFFECTION
reward power
IS BASED ON AN INDIVIDUALS ABILITY TO GIVE MATERIAL OR NON MATERIAL GIFTS AND FAVORS, RANGING FROM EMOTIONAL SUPPORT AND ATTENTION TO FINANCIAL SUPPORT OR RECREATIONAL TRAVEL
expert power
STEMS FROM THE DOMINANT PERSON’S SUPERIOR JUEGEMENT, KNOWLEDGE, OR ABILITY
informational power
IS BASED ON THE PERSUASIVE CONTTENT OF WHAT THE DIMINANT PERSON TELLS ANOTHER INDIVIDUAL
referent power
IS BASED ON THE LESS DIMINANT PERSON’S EMOTIONAL IDENTIFICATION WITH THE MORE DIMINANT INDIVIDUAL.
legitimate power
STEMS FROM THE DOMANT INDIVIDUALS ABILITY TO CALIM AUTHORITY, OR THE RIGTH TO REQUEST COMPLIANCE
relative love and need theory
theory of conjugal power that holds that the spouse with the least to lost if the marriage ends is the more powerful inteh relationship
three phase sysle of domestic violence- phase one
tension building
anger grows and incidents escalate
phase two
acute battering
abuser explodes and beating follows: some women may trigger the event knowing it will happen
phase three
now the abuser's regrets appear to be genuine and the behaviors loving, and requests for forgiveness and promises of change are made