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15 Cards in this Set

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Many different ways map makers have for showing the curved surface of the earth on a flat surface
map projections
distance in degrees north and south of the equator
latitude
imaginary lines that circle the world from east to west parallel to the equator
parallels
half circle that runs in a north-south direction from the North Pole to the South Pole.
meridian
distance in degrees east or west of the prime meridian
longitude
circle whose plane passes through the center of the sphere. Any circle that divides the sphere in half
great circle
the ratio of distance on the map to distance on Earth
map scales
lines drawn to connect points at the same elevation and the shape of the land
contour lines
difference in elevation between two consecutive contour lines
contour interval
a contour line joining points of equal elevation within a depression.
depression contours
a marker in the ground indicating the exact elevation above sea level
bench mark
the angle by which the compass needle varies from true north
magnetic declination
the slope between any two points on a hill, easily determined from a contour map
gradient (average slope)
a line that shows the changes in elevation across a secion of a topographic map
profile
Why should you read your notes often, come to class, and complete the required assignments
SO THAT YOU CAN LEARN EARTH SCIENCE AND SCORE BIG ON THE REGENTS EXAM!!!!!!