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54 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is a map?
A graphic representation of the eath's surface drawn to scale as seen from above.a
What is the purpose of a map?
To provide accurate information about the existence, location and distance between ground features like terrain, elevation, populated areas, routes of travel and communications.
What is the scale of a map?
The ratio of ground distance to map distance and expressed in a fraction.
Name several types of maps.
Topographic map, planimetric map, photomap, terrain model.
What is a map usually named after?
The most prominent geographical or cultural feature. Whenever possible it is named after the largest city on the map.
What is a declination diagram?
It shows the angular relationships of true north, grid north and magnetic north.
What is a bar scale?
They are meters, statues miles, nautical miles.
What is a contour interval?
The vertical distance of the space between the contour lines. In more recent maps that distance or space is given in meters instead of feet.
Where is the legend of a map found?
In the lower left margin.
What is in a map legend?
The symbols that represent topographic feature. The symbols are not always the same.
How many colors does a map usually have?
Five: black, blue, green, brown, red.
What do the colors of a map stand for?
BLACK - indicates manmade features like buildings and roads. BLUE - identifies water features (lakes, swamps, rivers, and drainpipe) GREEN - is for vegetation with military significance, such as woods, orchards or vineyards BROWN - identifies all relief features and elevation, as well as contour lines on older maps. REDDISH-BROWN - is used for these features on newer maps. REDS - is used for cultural features such as populated areas, main roads, and on older maps it indicates boundaries.
Name two kinds of distances.
(1) Straight-line distance
(2) Road distance
What are contour lines?
Imaginary lines along which all elevations are equal.
What is the purpose of intersection?
To locate an unknown point on a map by successfully occupying two known points and sighting on the unknown point.
When using the protractor, each tick mark on the degree scale is 1 degree. what does each tick mark on the mil scale mean?
20 mils.
The difference between grid north and magnetic north is called?
Grid Magnetic (G-M)
What is an azimuth?
It is a direction - a horizontal angle which is measured in degrees or mils from the north.
What are the two types of protractors used to determine an azimuth?
Semicircular protractor, square protractor.
What is the universal transverse mercator (UTM) graid?
A grid that has been designed to cover that part of the world between latitude 84 degrees north and latitude 80 degrees south.
What is the Universal Polar Stereo graphic (UPS)?
Grid used to represent the polar regions.
What is longitude?
A measure of distance east or west of the prime meridian.
How do you convert a grid azimuth to a magnetic azimuth?
By adding the G-M angle.
How do you convert a magnetic azimuth to a grid azimuth?
By subtracting the G-M angle.
Name the three (3) types of contour lines.
Index, intermediate and supplementary.
Under identifying specific terrain features, what does SOSES stand for?
Shape, Orientation, Size, Elevation, and Slope.
How do you orient a map to the ground by map terrain association?
Hold map in horizontal position. Line up features on the ground with those on the map. Place compass along one of the north-south grid lines to keep from orienting the map in the wrong direction (that is 180 degreees out), or by aligning two or more features. Incorporate the declination constant in determining the 30 degrees.
What other ways can you determine direction without a compass?
Shadow method, watch method and north star method.
What is a basic rule for finding coordinates on a map?
Beginning from the left-hand corner, read right and up.
What are the five steps in clearing the M16A2?
(1) Place the weapon on safe
(2) Remove the magazines
(3) Lock the bolt open
(4) Check the receiver and chamber areas for ammunition
(5) With the selector lever pointing toward safe, allow the bolt to go forward by pressing the upper portion of the bolt catch.
What are some of the characteristics of the M16A2?
(a) 7.78 lbs without magazine and sling
(b) 8.48 lbs with 20 round magazine
(c) 8.79 lbs with 30 round magazine
What is the maximum effective range of the M16A2?
Point Targets: 550 meters
Area Targets: 800 meters
What are the eight steps of functions?
(1) Feeding (2) Chambering (3) Locking (4) Firing (5) Unlocking (6) Extracting (7) Ejecting (8) Cocking
The word SPORTS is what type of technique?
The word SPORTS is a technique for assisting the soldier in learning the proper procedures for applying immediate action to the M16A1 and M16A2 rifles.
What are the two basic firing positions?
(1) Supported fighting position
(2) Prone unsupported firing position.
Name four (4) fire techniques.
(1) Steady position
(2) Steady aiming
(3) Control breathing
(4) Trigger squeeze
What are the three (3) principles of night vision?
(1) Dark adaption
(2) Off center vision
(3) Scanning
What are the three major categories of the M16A2?
(1) Upper reciever
(2) Lover reciever
(3) Bolt carrier group
What are the three major categories of malfuntion?
(1) failure to feed, chamber, or lock
(2) Failure to fire cartridge
(3) Failure to extract and eject
Define suppresive fire.
Combat rifle fire used to suppress enemy personnel or weapons positions.
Hows is the M16A2 mechanically zeroed?
Align the rear sight's windage mark of the 0-2 aperature with the cetner line of the windage scale. Rotate the elevation knob until the range scale 8/3 (300-meter) mark is aligned with the mark on the left side of the receiver. Rotate the front sight post up or down until the base of the post is flush with the top of the sight post well.
Name three advanced firing positions.
(1) Alternate prone position
(2) Kneeling supported position
(3) Kneeling unsupported position
(4) Standing position
What are the four phases of marksmanship training?
(1) Preliminary rifle instruction
(2) Downrange feedback range firing
(3) Field firing on train-fire ranges
(4) Advanced and collective firing exercises
Name three different ways to direct weapons fire.
(1) Aim using sights
(2) Weapon alignment
(3) Instinct
(4) Bullet strike
(5) Use tracers to direct the fire
What is sight alignment?
Sight alignment is when the frong sight post is centered within the center of the near sight aperture.
What is sight picture?
The sight picture includes two basic elements: sight alignment and proper placement of the aiming point.
There are two types of disassembly. What are they?
(1) Field Stripping
(2) Detail Stripping
What is the definition of cyclic rate of fire?
The rate at which a weapon fires on automatic.
What is the definition of sustained rate of fire?
Actual rate of fire that the weapon can continure to deliver for an indefinite length of time without seriously overheating.
What is the definition of stoppage?
It is the failure of an automatic or semiautomatic firearm to extract or eject a spent case or to load or fire a new round.
What is immediate action?
Immediate action is the unhesitating applicationof a probably remedy to reduce a stoppage without investigating the cause.
What is a malfunction?
A malfunction is an unplanned cessation of fire due to a stoppage caused by a mechanical failure of the weapon, magazine, or ammunition.
Define maxumum range.
The greatest distance that a weapon can fire.
What is remedial action?
The continuing effort to determine the cause for the stoppage, apply a remedy to clear the stoppage once it has been identified, and return the weapon to operation.