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15 Cards in this Set

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aroha
1. caring, compassionate love for others, especially relatives; also used to convey 2. sympathy for those in sorrow or trouble; 3. gratitude; 4. approval
iwi
1. bone; 2. stone of fruit; 3. people, as in te iwi kainga (the local people); 4. a large-scale socio-political grouping defined by descent from a named ancestor, usually translated as ‘tribe’
kaumatua
1. adult; 2. in past, the head of a whanau; 3. a male or female person of senior social status, knowledgeable about tikanga Maori; 4. a male or female person of grandparental or equivalent age
mana
1. power originating in the spiritual realm “conferred from above (i.e. by the gods) and endorsed from below” (i.e. by the people); 2. authority stemming from the indwelling of spiritual power; 3. prestige, standing; 4. proven ability to do and get things done
marae
1. open space in front of a meeting house, described as the marae atea; 2. combination of marea atea with meeting-house, dining hall, and related buildings on land reserved for the purpose, usually associated with a hapu and used for communal gatherings; sometimes identified as a marae complex (also adj meaning generous or hospitable)
mua
1. of place, the front; of time, the past
muri
1. of place, the back, behind; of time, the future
rahui
1. a mark indicating tapu, often attached to a post, used to warn against trespass or to temporarily protect natural resources; 2. a public ban on particular action e.g. using particular resources, ingesting dangerous substances
rangatahi
1. a certain kind of fishing net about 10 fathoms long; 2. key metaphor in the proverb “the worn out one is cast aside, the new rangatahi goes fishing) – used originally to refer to replacement of dead chief by new chief, adapted at end of 19th century to refer to replacement of old-style Maori leaders by leaders of a new kind (young, educated, bilingual; i.e. Apirana Ngata), further adapted to apply to ‘young people’
rangatira
1. members of senior descent-lines in hapu or iwi, constituting the aristocracy; 2. chief of a hapu, chosen on basis of senior descent and leadership capacity = the rangatira; 3. captain (of a ship)
tikanga
1. rule, plan, method; 2. customary way of doing something; 3. anything normal or usual; 4. reason; 5. meaning; 6. purpose – Nga tikanga Maori = Maori ways of thinking and doing
tohunga
1. specialist/expert, qualified by specialization; 2. commonly used without qualifier to refer to a Maori religious expert who uses herbal medicines to heal or harm; 3. dismissively translated as medicine man, faith healer; 4. ritual expert in the Ringatu Church
whakapapa
intransitive verb meaning to place in layers; 1. descent line(s) tracing connection between ancestor(s) and descendants; 2. study and recital of descent lines and associated kinship linkages
whanaungatanga
kinship in the widest sense, including descendants of common ancestors, affines, and whangai
whenua
1. land = country; 2. ground, earth, above and below water; 3. placenta = afterbirth