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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Age Discrimination in Employment Act
Prohibits discrimination against individuals over 40 years of age
Americans with Disabilities Act
extends the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to cover those with physical and mental disabilities, including AIDS patients, cancer patients, and treated, recovering substance abusers.
Arbitration
Parties in conflict will invite a third party, known as an arbitrator, to aid in the resolution process.
Bona fide occupational qualifications
In very limited situations involving reasonable business necessity, allows an employer to legally discriminate on the basis of gender, national origin, or religion.
Collective bargaining
The process by which the management of the firm and the representatives of the employees' union come to an agreement regarding a work contract.
Discipline
Any action directed toward an employee for failing to follow organizational policies, procedures, or rules.
Employee Retirement Income Security Act
An attempt to better regulate private pension plans
Employment-at-will
An employer has the power to fire any worker not subject to a term employment contract for any reason (or no reason).
Equal Pay for Equal Work Act
An amendment to the Fair Labor Standards Act, which requires equal pay for women who are performing work substantially equal to that performed by men. It does allow for differences based on seniority, experience, or education.
Family and Medical Leave Act
Requires an employer to provide an eligible employee up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave during a one-year period for medical emergencies for self or immediate family members.
Hostile working environment
A workplace where frequent sexual-innuendo jokes or comments are permitted and/or tolerate.
Occupational Safety and Health Act
The two major purposes of this legislation are to: (1) ensure safe workplaces for employees; (2) establish safety and health standards for the workplace.
Progressive discipline
A series of steps that increase in the amount and type of punishment being administered.
Quid pro quo
A form of sexual harassment that involves some personnel action made dependent on sexual favors.
Rehabilitation Act of 1973
Requires employers who participate in government contracts to make reasonable accommodation to employ and to promote qualified individuals with disabilities.
Separation
A resignation, layoff, dismissal, or retirement.
Taft-Hartley Act
Established National Labor Relations Act
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
Prohibits discrimination in any form of employment based on race, color, religion, gender, or national origin.
Unemployment insurance
Part of the Social Security Act, as its name implies, for workers who, without personal fault, become unemployed.
Wagner Act
Sets forth procedures for a union to follow to seek an election and to require an employer, if the union won the election, to recognize the union and thereafter bargain in good faith.
Workers' compensation
Provides coverage to employees who are incapacitated because of accidental injury, disease, or death incurred while on the job.