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42 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Amoral Management
Amoral management is not just a middle position on a continuum between immoral and moral management. Conceptually it has been positioned between the other two, but it is different in nature and kind from both. There are two kinds of amoral management: intentional and unintentional.
Business Ethics
Concerned with good and bad or right and wrong behavior and practices that take place within a business context.
Compliance Strategy
As contrasted with her integrity strategy, is more focused on obedience to the law as its driving force. The compliance strategy is lawyer driven and is oriented not toward ethics or integrity but more toward compliance with existing regulatory and criminal law.
Conventional Approach to Business Ethics
An approach whereby we compare a decision or practice with prevailing norms of acceptability
Descriptive Ethics
Concerned with describing, characterizing, and studying the morality of a people, a culture, or a society.
Ethical Relativism
Where we pick and choose which source of norms we wish to use based on what will justify our current actions or maximize our freedom.
The discipline that deals with what is good and bad and with moral duty and obligation. Ethics can also be regarded as a set of moral principles or values.
Immoral Management
A posture that not only is devoid of ethical principles or precepts but also implies a positive and active opposition to what is ethical
Integrity Strategy
Characterized by a conception of ethics as the driving force of an organization
Intentional Amoral Management
Do not factor ethical considerations into their decisions, actions, and behaviors because they believe business activity resides outside the sphere to which moral judgments apply
Kohlberg's levels of moral development
Level 1: Preconventional Level
Focus: Self
1. Reaction-to-Punishment Stage
2. Seeking-of-Rewards Stage
Level 2: Conventional Level
Focus: Others
3. Good boy/nice girl morality stage
4. Law-and-order Morality Stage
Level 3: Postconventional, Autonomous, or Principled Level
Focus: Humankind
5. Social-contract Orientation
6. Univeral-eithical-principle orientation
Moral Development
That there is a general sequence of three levels (each with two stages) through which individuals evolve in learning to think or develop morally
Moral Management
Conforms to the highest standards of ethical behavior or professional standards of conduct
Normative Ethics
Concerned with supplying and justifying a coherent moral system of thinking and judging
Unintentional Amoral Management
Do not think about business activity in ethical terms. These managers are simply casual about, careless about, or inattentive to the fact that their decisions and actions may have negative or deleterious effects on others.
Categorical Imperative
A duty-based principle of ethics, or as stated earlier, it is a deontological principle. Made by Immanuel Kant
Codes of Conduct
Must be a "lving document" in order to be effective
Codes of Ethics
Phenonmenon of the past 25 years
Compensatory Justice
Involves compensating someone for a past injustice.
Corporate Transparency
Refers to a quality, characterisitic, or state in which activities, processes, practices, and decisions that take place in companies become open or visible to the outside world
Deontological Theorities/Principles
Focus on duties
Distributive Justice
Refers to the distribution of benefits and burdens
Ethical Due Process
They cannot tell us for sure whether our decisions are ethical or not, but they can help us be sure that we are raising the appropriate issues and genuinely attempting to be ethical.
Ethical Tests
Are more practical in orientation and do not require the depth of moral thinking that the prinicples do. Ethical tests are:
1. Test of Common Sense
2. Test of One's Best Self
3. Test of Making Something Public
4. Test of Ventilation
5. Test of the Purified Idea
6. Gag Test
Ethical Audits
Intended to carefully review such ethics initiatives as ethics programs, codes of conduct, hotlines, and ethics training
Ethics Officer
Often head ethics programs who is in charge of implementing the array of ehtics initiatives of the organization
Ethics Programs
Typically organizational units that have been assigned the responsibility for ethics initiatives in the organization
Golden Rule
"Do unto others as you would have them do unto you" Merits discussion because of its popularity as a basic and strong principle of ethical living and decision making
Legal Rights
Dependent on the legal system. Specifically called out in rights.
Moral Rights
Important, justifiable claims or entitlements. Not dependent on the legal system. Must be based on moral reasoning
Opposite of transparency, an opaque condition in which activities and practices remain obscure or hidden from outside scrutinity and review
Principle of Caring
Referred to as "feminist theory" is critical of these traditional views
Principle of Justice
It involves the fair treatment of each person.
Principle of Rights
Rights cannot simply be overridden by utility. A right can be overridden only by another, more basic or important right.
Principle of Utilitarianism
A consequential principle, or as stated earlier, a teleological prinicple.
Procedural Justice
Refers to fair decision-making procedures, practices, or agreements
Both moral and legal
Servant Leadership
An approach to ethical leadership and decision making based on teh moral principle of serving others first
Teleological theories/principles
Focus on the consequences or results of the actions they produce
One of the most recent trends toward the improvement of ethics programs
Asserts that "we should always act so as to produce the greatest ratio of good to evil for everyone." Another way of stating utilitarianism is to say that one should take that course of action that represents the "greatest good for the greatest number."
Virtue Ethics
Merits consideration even though it is not a principle per se. Focuses on the individual becomin imbued with virtues.