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26 Cards in this Set

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What is the muscle involved in a hiccough?
Diaphram
The prefix of Apo means...
Separation
What is the definition of Isotonic?
Pertaining to having the same tone or tension
What is the definition of Dystonia?
A condition of impaired muscle tone.
What is the definition of atrophy?
lack of nourishment; wasting of muscular tissue caused by lack of use.
What are other names for smooth muscle? (3)
Involuntary, visceral, & unstriated
What does the suffix malacia mean?
Softening
What % of body weight is made up by muscle?
42%
What are the primary functions of the skeletal muscle?
Help maintain posture
Produce movement
Store Carbs (Warming)
The definition of Peristalsis is...
Wave-like contractions
The function of a tendon is...
The tendon attatches the muscle to the bone.
Name the 3 types of muscle tissue.
Smooth, cardiac, skeletal
What is the muscle involved in chewing food?
Masseter
What are the 4 types of movements.... describe them...
Extension-Out
Flexion-In
Abduction-Out
Adduction-In
What is the definition of myosarcoma?
A malignant tumor derived from muscle tissue
What is the definition of Lordosis?
Abnormal anterior curve of the spine
What are the muscles in the leg, where are they?
Rectus femoris-thigh
sartorius-thigh
tibialis anterior-calf
soleus-calf
gastrocnemius-inner calf
biceps femoris-back of thigh
semitendinosus-back of thigh
Achilles tendon-heel
Iliopsoas-thigh
Gracilis-thigh
adductor longus-thigh
peroneus-calf
extensor digitorum-calf
vastus lateralis-thigh
vastus medialis-thigh
What is the definition of Tenodynia?
Pain in a tendon
What is the definition of Rhabdomyoma?
Tumor of striated muscle tissue
What is the definition of amputation?
Surgical excision of a limb, part or other appendage
What is the definition of Flaccid?
Lacking muscle tone, weak, lax, soft. --Atonic
What is the definition of Brachialgia?
Pain in the arm
T/F? Smooth muscle fibers dilate and contract bloodflow.
False..?
What are the other names for the skeletal muscles? (2)
Voluntary, striated
What is the cardiac muscle?
Myocardium
Involuntary, but striated in appearance.
What causes muscle fatigue?
lack of ATP or a build up of lactic acid