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30 Cards in this Set

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What is the FM concerning the M16/A2 rifle?
FM 3-22.9
What is the first thing you should do when you handle a weapon?
Make sure you clear it
Name the five phases in Basic Rifle Marksmanship.
1. Preliminary Rifle Instruction
2. Downrange Feedback
3. Field Fire
4. Advanced Rifle Marksmanship
5. Advanced Optics, Laser, and Iron Sights
What is the purpose of a weaponeer?
The weaponeer is capable of simulating all of the BRM live fire scenarios without firing rounds. Immediate feedback is available for critiquing the soldiers's application of the intergrated act of firing while using the weaponeer device to include misfire procedures.
What are the four fundamentals of marksmanship?
1. Steady position
2. Proper aim (sight picture)
3. Breathing
4. Trigger squeeze
During Preliminary Marksmanship Training (PMI, what are the only two positions taught?
1. Individual Foxhole supported
2. Basic Prone Unsupported
What are the two basic elements of the Sight Picture?
1. Sight Alignment
2. Placing of the Aiming Point
What does the acronym SPORTS stand for?
Slap, Pull, Observe, Release, Tap, Shoot
What is remedial aciton?
Remedial aciton is the continuing effort to determine the cause for a stoppage or malfunction and to try to clear the stoppage once it has been identified.
Describe the proper procedures for applying remedial action with M16/A2.
1. Try to place the weapon on safe
2. Remove the magazine
3. Lock the bolt to the rear
4. Place the weapon on safe if not already done
Is SPORTS in Immediate or Remedial Action?
Immediate action
How many times should immediate aciton be applied to a weapon?
Once. (If the rifle still fails to fire, apply remedial action)
What is a malfunction?
The weapon ceasing to fire due to a stoppage resulting from mechanical failure of the weapon, magazine, or ammo.
Name the different categories of malfunctions on the M16/A2.
1. Failure to feed, chamber, or lock
2. Failure to fire cartridge
3. Failure to Extract
4. Failure to Eject
What is stoppage?
A stoppage is a failure of an automatice or semiautomatic firearm to complete the cycle of operation.
How do you clear a stoppage?
Apply immediate or remedial action
What is the definition of Maximum Effective Range?
The greatest distance at which a soldier may be expected to deliver a target hit.
What is the muzzle velocity of the M16/A2 rifle?
3,100 feet per second
Describe the ranges for the M16/A2 rifle?
Maximum Range-3,600 meters
Max Effective Range for a point target-550 meters
Max Effective Range for an area target-800 meters
Describe the Barrel Rifling for the M16/A2 rifle.
Right Hand twist 1/7
What is the basic load of ammunition for the M16/A2 rifle?
210 rounds total. (7 magazines with 30 rounds in each)
The elevation knob adjusts the point of aim for the M16/A2 rifle how much?
300 to 800 meters
What is the overall length of the M16/A2 rifle?
39.63 inches
What are the 8 steps in the functioning of the M16/A2 rifle?
1. Feeding
2. Chambering
3. Locking
4. Firing
5. Unlocking
6. Extracting
7. Ejecting
8. Cocking
What is immediate action?
Immediate action involves quickly applying a possible correction to reduce a stoppage without performing troubleshooting procedures to determine the actual cause. (SPORTS)
What does CLP stand for?
Cleaner- contains solvents that dissolve firing residue and carbon
Lubricant- lays down a layer of teflon as it dries to provide lubrication
Preservative- prevents rust from forming.
Describe the M16/A2 rifle
A 5.56 mm, magazine feed, gas-operated, air-cooled, semiautomatic or three-round burst, hand-held, shoulder-fired weapon.
What are the 7 types of ammunition that can be used with the M16/A2 rifle?
1. M193- BALL
2. M196- TRACE
3. M199- DUMMY
4. M200- BLANK (Violet tip and 7 petal rose crimp)
5. M855- BALL (Green tip)
6. M856- TRACER (Red tip)
7. M862- SHORT RANGE TRAINING AMMUNITION (Plastic with a Blue tip)
Describe the weights of the M16/A2 rifle.
Without magazine and sling- 7.78 pounds
With sling and 20 round magazine- 8.48 pounds
With sling and 30 round magazine- 8.79 pounds
Describe the max effective rates of fire for the M16/A2 rifle.
Semiautomatic- 45 rounds per minute
Burst- 90 rounds per minute
Sustained- 12-15 rounds per minute