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23 Cards in this Set

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Diseases of the Testes
cryptorchidism
hydrocele
testicular torsion
testicular cancer
Cryptorchidism:
Incidence:?
means hidden testis (not in scrotum)
30% in premature males 1-3% of newborns
Cryptoorchidism
Etiology:
Problems:
Treatment:
:unknown may be hormone deficiency
:untreated, infertility or sterility
:will descend in 1st 3 months or surgery is needed
Hydrocele:
a collection of fluid surrounding the testicle usually contained with processus vaginalis
Hydrocele
Etiology:
Problems:
Treatmetn:
:open processus vaginalis
:increases size causes pain and the hydrocele my obstruct blood flow
:these may be aspirated but fluid usually reaccumulates. surgery may be needed close off the open processus vaginalis
Testicular Torsion
twisting of the spermatic cord which usually causes pain, impairment of blood flow and localized swelling. May occur in newborn but most often young boys
Testicular Torsion
Problems:
Treatment:
:if present for +24hrs survival of the testicle is doubtful due to decreased blood flow
:w/ early detection surgery may be preformed
Testicular Cancer
although rare these tumors represent the most common solid tumors of men between 20 and 34 years of age
Testicular Cancer
3 Stages:
1) Localized
2) Spread to lymph nodes
3) away & out to body/organs
Testicular Cancer
Etiology:
Problems:
:unknown
:pain, infertility, and spread to other organs
:95% of the tumors involve the cells associated w/ the seminiferous tubulues
Testicular Cancer
Treatment:
Can be complicated
a) following diagnosis removal of the testis and spermatic cord is necessary
b) if cancer has spread, removal of the lymph nodes may be needed
c) radiation therapy and/or chemotherapy may be needed
d) some situations may call for a combination of these measures
What do interstial Cells produce?
testosterone (responsible for development of secondary sex characteristics and muscle development)
Epididymitis
inflammation of the epididymis frequently caused by neisseria gonorrhea
Gonorrhea
one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases

inflammation of the urethra and pain upon urination, pus discharge

scarring in the organ may result in infertility and sterility
Prostate
this gland secretes a fluid which is primarily alkaline substance used to help neutralize the acidity of the vagina
Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy (BPH)
enlargement of the prostate

occurs in 80% of males over 60
BPH
symptoms:
detection:
:prostate enlarges, prostatic urethra constricts, urination becomes painful
:DRE (digital Rectal exam) or TRU (transrectalultrasound)
soft enlarged mass
BPH
treatment:
overgrowth removed by TURP (transurethral rejection of prostate gland) wire fliament with electrical current.

in severe cases removal of the prostate
Prostatic Cancer
2nd leading cause of death from cancer in males
Prostatic Cancer
detection:
DRE (hard solid mass) TRU or biopsy, blood tests
Prostatic Cancer
Treatment:
depends on the stage

1) it may require radiation therapy
2)Prostatectomy
3)Hormone therapy to block output of testosterone
Bulbourethral glands
secretes small clear alkaline fluid to lubricate head of penis and neutralize the acid from the urine that may be present in the penile urethra
male pseudohermaphroditism
inadequate amounts of testosterone or delayed development fo reproductive organs. Results in genitalia that look female