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31 Cards in this Set

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What is the functions of the kidney?
1. removing waste from blood
2. maintaining fluid and electrolyte balance
3. secreting substances that affect blood pressure
In what type of person is kidney in its highest level?
hypersthenic
How the kidneys change from supine to erect position?
drop an average of 2 inches
what is the 5 rights of drug adminstration?
drugs, time, route, patient, dose
Contrast media:
How does positive and negative affect density?
Positve increases density (showup light)
Negatice decreases density
contraindications?
elevated lab work, asthma
Ionic?
more chance of reaction, less costly
Non-ionic?
More costly, but less chance of reaction
what is available during an IVU?
radiologist and crash cart
How long does the vast majority contrast reactions in IVU occur of injection?
5 minutes of injection
Where is compression applied?
over distal end of ureter
TOmo?
Reason for doing, how to determine what cuts to take
What happen to the cut as the tomo angled?
Wider the tomo angle, the thinner the cut
Cystograms?
Retrograde filling technique
Cystourethrogram?
CR directed to superior border of symphysis
what is the essential projection for a cystourethrogram on a male?
AP oblique
HOw you free bladder neck of superimposition during a female cystourethrogram?
Angle the CR 10 degree cephalad
What is not part of the urinary system but located on the upper poles of the kidneys?
Adrenals
What is the normal BUN Level?
7 - 15
What is the normal Creatine level?
.7 - 1.5
what is difference b/t retrograde, antegrade, infusion, and percutaneous procedures?
Retrograde---- Against Flow
Antegrade ---- Normal injection (along normal flow)
Infusion ----the introduction of a saline or other solution into a vein.
Percutaneous Procedures ----Performed through the skin, such as injection of radiopacque.
What are the AP oblique for IVU?
LPO and RPO - Oblique patient 30 degree
How does LPO shows RT. kidney to IR?
Rt. Kidney Parallel to IR.
Micturition
urination
Hydronephrosis
distention of the renal pelvis and calyces with urine
Ptosis
The prolapse of an organ or part.
Dialysis
A necessary form of treatment in the patient with end-stage renal disease.
(in kidney disease) the process by which uric acid and urea are removed from circulating blood by means of a dialyzer.
Horseshoe kidney
Fusion of the kidneys, usually at the lower poles
Uritcaria
transient condition of the skin, usually caused by an allergic reaction, characterised by pale or reddened irregular, elevated patches and severe itching, hives.
Anaphalactic
severe reaction that can cause a respiratory or cardiac arrest
extravasation
A discharge or escape, as of blood, from a vessel into the tissues.