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8 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Council of Nicea
Hosius, Bishop of Cordova, Pope Sylvester, Emperor Constantine
-the creed: said Jesus was truly God (against Arianism)
-made a fixed date for Easter
First Council of Constantinople
Pope Damasus, Emp. Theodosius I
-affirmed the divinity of the Holy Spirit...added clauses to the Nicene Creed
Council of Ephesus
St. Cyril represents Pope Celestine I
-defended the 2 natures of Christ
-Declared Mary Theotokos (Mother of God)
-renewed the condemnation of Pelagius
Council of Chalcedon
Pope Leo the great and Emp. Marcian
-defined 2 natures of Christ vs. Eutyches
2nd Council of Nicea
Emp. Constantine VI and his mother; presided over by the legates of Pope Adrian
-regulated the veneration of holy images
4th Council of Constantinople
Pope Adrian II and Emp. Basil
-East vs. West
-condemned Photius who unlawfully seized the patriarchal dignity....led to the Photian Schism
Council of Trent
(1548-1563) 18 years **longest lasting council

5 popes: Paul III, Julius III, Marcellus II, Paul IV, Pius IV
under emperors Charles V and Ferdinand
-condemned errors of Luther
- reformed the discipline of the Church
First Vatican Council
(1869-70) still unfinished.

Pius IX
-decreed infallibility of the pope (when he defines doctrine or morals)