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21 Cards in this Set

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Mr. Luring
Integrated Science
Chapter 6
Cut apart and Study!
Does soap interact with hard water?
No
What will react with soap to form soap scum?
Ca, Mg, Fe
What is used for washing clothes
Detergents
What are detergents made from?
Petroleum products NOT animal fats
What are disinfectants?
kill viruses or bacterial
What is the formula for bleach?
Na ClO2
What is another name for vitamin C?
Ascorbic acid
What is Acetylsalicylic acid?
aspirin
What can vinegar used for?
may be used to denature proteins in meat.

If you are stung by a jellyfish, vinegar helps to denature the toxin by changing the protein configuration.
How does an acid form?
donate or lose a hydrogen ion.
How are bases formed?
accept or gain a Hydrogen ion
How are acids formed?
donate or LOSE a Hydrogen ion

examples: Hcl and H2SO4
What do acids usually start with
an H
How are bases formed?
accept or GAIN a Hydrogen ion

examples: NaOH and KOH
What do bases usually end with?
an OH in the formula
What does the acid go together with?
the OH of the base
What is a scale which ranges from 0 to 14 with 0 to 7 is basic while 7 to 14 is acidic?
pH scale
What do soaps allow?
They allow oil and water to mix
Why is soap an emulsifier?
Emulsifers are a mixture of immiscible(do not mix) liquids i thich the liquids are spread thrughout one another.

Polar ends attach to water and the nonpolar ends attach to dirt.
What is a scale which ranges from 0 to 14 with 0 to 7 is basic while 7 to 14 is acidic?
pOH Scale