Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

12 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Bronchiectasis definition
permanent dilation of bronchi, w/ peri-bronchial inflam & organization w/ muco-purulent debris
Bronchiectasis path
- Impaired mucus flow -> microbial colonization -> microbial products (elastase)
– all of this causes mucus hypersecretion and structural damage
Bronchiectasis Sx
cough, purulent sputum, hemoptysis, localized rales or rhonchi, and clubbing
Bronchiectasis causes of impaired flow how?
1) Obstruction to outflow
2) Abnormal mucus (CF)
3) abnormal ciliary function (1oCD)
Bronchiectasis treatment
drainage, antibiotics, and bronchodilators – surgical resection is rarely needed
Bronchiectasis radiology
airway dilation which extends to the periphery
Upper>lower lobe emphysema
suggests centrilobular type, from smoking
Lower>upper lobe emphysema
suggests panlobular type, from A1AT deficiency
BOOP definition
Bronchiolar lumen and alveolar airspace fibroblastic proliferation
BOOP clinical
- acute onset cough, dyspnea, fever, and malaise
- multiple associations (collagen-vascular disease)
- most patients respond to corticosteroids
BOOP radiology
will show multiple patchy airspace infiltrates
BOOP path
will show patchy fibromyxoid plugs in distal bronchioles and alveoli, +/- endogenous lipid pneumonia