Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/26

Click to flip

26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is Cheyne-Stokes respiration?
Periods of progressively deeper breathing which peak, then get more shallow
What causes Cheyne-Stokes respiration?
CHF, brain damage
What is Biot's respiration?
Apnea alternating irreglarly with breaths that terminate abruptly
What causes Biot's respiration?
meningitis
What is Kussmaul's breathing?
Deep, regular breathing
What does Kussmaul's breathing signify?
DKA
What does inspiratory stridor indicate?
Upper airway pathology
Eg- croup of epiglottitis
What is Pickwickian syndrome?
Obesity
OSA
Alveolar hypoventilation
Right sided heart failure
Polycythemia
What is clubbing associated with?
Carcinoma
Bronchiectasis
Abcess
TB
Fibrosis

NOT COPD
What causes Horner's Syndrome?
Involvement of inferior cervical or superior thoracic sympathetic ganglia, most commonly by tumor (esp. a SULCUS tumor)
What is pulsus paradoxus?
Increased deviation between inspiration and expiration BP.

On inspiration you end up with increased pooling of blood in thoracic vessels and heart

VR to RV increases, but not to LV

You get septal shift, decreased LV compliance, so decreased CO
When is tactile fremitus increased?
Pneumonia
(consolidation around patent bronchial tree)
When is tactile fremitus decreased?
Anytime airway is blocked or if vibration has to cross a barrier

Pleural effusion, bronchial obstruction, pneumothorax, pleural tumor, fibrosis
What does unilateral pleural fibrosis do to the traceha?
Pulls trachea towards hemithorax
When are percussions of the chest tympanic?
Pneumothorax
When are percussion sounds hyperresonant?
Emphysema
Acute asthma
When are purcussions sounds dull?
Consolidation (pneumonia, tumor, pleural effusion)
When are percussion sounds flat?
Massive pleural effusion
total collapse of a lung
Fibrothorax
Where are bronchovesicular breath sounds heard?
Between 1st and 2d intercostal space
Between scapulae posterior
Where are bronchial breath sounds heard?
Over the manubrium
When is bronchophony heard?
Any area with consolidation (pneumonia)
When is whispered pectoriloquy heard?
Any area with consolidation
When is egophony heard?
Consolidated lung tissue
Pleural effusion
When are crackles heard?
Excess airway secretion from bronchitis
respiratory infection
pulmonary edema
atelactesis
Fibrosis
CHF
Whneb are wheezes heard?
Asthma
CHF
endobronchial obstruction
vocal cord abnormalities
acute respiratory infections
When are pleural friction rubs heard?
Irritative process
Occurs during inspiration and expiration