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24 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
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#01 Q

A MICROSOCIOLOGY theory
#01 A

SYMBOLIC INTERACTION
#02 Q

A leading CONFLICT theorist
#02 A

Karl Marx
#03 Q

Emile Durkheim's concept of a state of NORMLESSNESS
#03 A

ANOMIE
(pronounced: AH-no-mee)
#04 Q

The type of sociological theory that Robert Merton is associated with
#04 A

MIDDLE-RANGE Theory
#05 Q

The term that Emile Durkheim used to describe the INTERDEPENDENCY by which modern societies are held together
#05 A

ORGANIC SOLIDARITY
#06 Q

FUNCTIONALIST theory contends that society is composed of this
#06 A

INTERDEPENDENT parts
#07 Q

The term for societal functions that are not obvious or openly acknowledged
#07 A

LATENT Functions
#08 Q

The term that Robert Merton used to describe social arrangements that may be harmful to society
#08 A

DYSFUNCTIONS
(pronounced: DIS-functions)
#09 Q

In CONFLICT theory, this is the most important force that shapes society
#09 A

Different groups have conflicting SELF-INTERESTS
#10 Q

A key concern of the SYMBOLIC INTERACTION perspective
#10 A

Understanding of the SOCIAL CONSTRUCTION of reality
#11 Q

The developer of the "LOOKING-GLASS SELF" theory
#11 A

CHARLES COOLEY
#12 Q

ETHNOMETHODOLOGY is a subfield of this sociological perspective; it attempts to understand the forces of how people interpret the situations and messages they encounter
#12 A

SYMBOLIC INTERACTION
#13 Q

The term that describes the following example:
targeted students will perform better than their peers (who have equal abilities) when teachers have higher expectations of the targeted students
#13 A

SELF-FULFILLING PROPHECY
#14 Q

The perspective that compares human behavior to acting
#14 A

DRAMATURGICAL perspective
#15 Q

The theorist who is most identified with the DRAMATURGICAL perspective
#15 A

Irving Goffman
#16 Q

In the DRAMATURGICAL perspective, the term for the process of presentation of self
#16 A

"FRONT-STAGE BEHAVIOR"
#17 Q

The term for societal functions that are obvious and/or openly acknowledged
#17 A

MANIFEST Functions
#18 Q

The sociological perspective that applies to the following example:
Economic and religious systems help to maintain the stability of a society
#18 A

FUNCTIONALIST
#19 Q

This is the purpose of a HYPOTHESIS
#19 A

To test theories
#20 Q

In the following example, identify the capitalized portion as either the INDEPENDENT or the DEPENDENT variable:
The police officer ticketed Jane BECAUSE SHE WAS GOING 35 MPH IN A 20 MPH ZONE.
#20 A

DEPENDENT variable
(Hint: Reverse the statement....Did Jane speed BECAUSE she was ticketed? - NO)
Therefore, if an action was CAUSED by a different action, it is the DEPENDENT variable because it DEPENDS upon another action in order for it to occur
The ORDER or PLACEMENT (before/after) in a sentence does NOT determine whether it is the INDEPENDENT or DEPENDENT variable.

RULE: (100% of the time)
CAUSE = INDEPENDENT variable
EFFECT = DEPENDENT variable
#21 Q

In the following example, identify the capitalized portion as either the INDEPENDENT or the DEPENDENT variable:
JOE'S GRADES WORSENED when he decided to join the basketball team mid-semester.
#21 A

DEPENDENT variable
(Hint: Reverse the statement....Did Joe join the basketball team BECAUSE his grades got worse? - NO)
If an action(the EFFECT) was CAUSED by a different action (the CAUSE), it is the DEPENDENT variable...it DEPENDS upon another action in order for it to occur.
The ORDER or PLACEMENT (before/after) in a sentence does NOT determine whether it is the INDEPENDENT or DEPENDENT variable.

RULE: (100% of the time)
CAUSE = INDEPENDENT variable
EFFECT = DEPENDENT variable
#22 Q

In the following example, identify the capitalized portion as either the INDEPENDENT or the DEPENDENT variable:
Brittany has less time to spend with her friends NOW THAT SHE IS THE STUDENT GOVERNMENT PRESIDENT.
#22 A

INDEPENDENT variable
(Hint: reverse the statement....Did Brittany become the student government President BECAUSE she has less time to spend with her friends? - NO)
Therefore, the CAUSE = Brittany's new responsibilities with the student government. The EFFECT = less time to spend with friends.
The ORDER or PLACEMENT (before/after) in a sentence does NOT determine whether it is the INDEPENDENT or DEPENDENT variable.

RULE: (100% of the time)
CAUSE = INDEPENDENT variable
EFFECT = DEPENDENT variable
#24 Q

In the following example, identify the capitalized portion as either the INDEPENDENT or the DEPENDENT variable:
The population of Springfield decreased 45% ONE YEAR AFTER THE COAL MINE CLOSED.
#24 A

INDENDENT variable
(Hint: Reverse the statement...Did the coal mine close BECAUSE the population of Springfield decreased in one year? - NOT LIKELY, REMOTELY POSSIBLE)
[As with ALL questions, you should choose the BEST answer.]
Therefore, the CAUSE = Coal mine closure. The EFFECT = rapid population decrease.
NOTE: IN RARE CASES, the cause of a company closure COULD be a drop in population (and a resultant drop in available employees), but the MOST COMMON circumstance is that people will move to where the jobs are.
The ORDER or PLACEMENT (before/after) in a sentence does NOT determine whether it is the INDEPENDENT or DEPENDENT variable.

RULE: (100% of the time)
CAUSE = INDEPENDENT variable
EFFECT = DEPENDENT variable
#24 Q

In the following example, identify the capitalized portion as either the INDEPENDENT or the DEPENDENT variable:
Existing home sales in the small town has dropped more than 50% in the year since THE NEW HIGHWAY THAT BYPASSES THE TOWN WAS OPENED.
#24 A

INDEPENDENT variable
(Hint: Reverse the statement...Was the new highway bypass opened BECAUSE the home sales dropped? - NO)
Therefore, the CAUSE = the opening of the new bypass highway. The EFFECT = drop in home sales.
The ORDER or PLACEMENT (before/after) in a sentence does NOT determine whether it is the INDEPENDENT or DEPENDENT variable.

RULE: (100% of the time)
CAUSE = INDEPENDENT variable
EFFECT = DEPENDENT variable