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36 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
#01 Q

This is the definition of the sociological concept of DEVIANCE
#01 A

Act(s) that a large or powerful segment of society disapproves of
p. 247
#02 Q

This is how sociologists evaluate DEVIANCE
#02 A

It must be evaluated according to the context in which it occurs
p. 248
#03 Q

This is the means through which INDIRECT CONTROL of social behavior is generally accomplished
#03 A

p. 250
#04 Q

According to classical criminologists, this is the most likely DETERRENT to DEVIANT behavior
#04 A

p. 250
#05 Q

Gossip and condemnation that is often associated with unwed teenage motherhood is an example of this type of SANCTION
#05 A

p. 250
#06 Q

This is the group most likely to be victimized by STREET CRIME
#06 A

Poor, male minority group members
p. 252
#07 Q

This is the term that Edwin Sutherland used to refer to illegal acts carried out by "respectable" people in the workplace
#07 A

p. 254
#08 Q

List three examples of CORPORATE CRIME
#08 A

Three examples:
1) Multinational bribery
2) Price fixing
3) Suppression of labor union activities
#09 Q

This is true of crime statistics
#09 A

Excluding murder and auto theft, only half of all STREET CRIMES are reported to police
p. 258
#10 Q

This is the term for what Robert Merton believed to the be cause of DEVIANCE
#10 A

[ pronounced: Ah no MEE ]
p. 260
#11 Q

This is Robert Merton's term for society's "drop-outs" who reject and withdraw from both the goals of society and the means to attain those goals
#11 A

p. 261
#12 Q

This is what Emile Durkheim believed that ANOMIE is often caused by
#12 A

Rapid social change and social conflict
p. 260
#13 Q

This is the name of Edwin Sutherland's theory that states that, like any other behavior, DEVIANCE is learned
#13 A

p. 262
#14 Q

List the two sociological perspectives that influenced the LABELING perspective
#14 A

Both perspectives:
1) Conflict theory
2) Symbolic Interaction theory
p. 263
#15 Q

This is the definition of PRIMARY DEVIANCE
#15 A

DEVIANCE that is related to unique social, cultural, or psychological situations; it is NOT the result of LABELING
p. 264
#16 Q

The term used to describe the contention that what is DEVIANT in any society is the consequence of social or political processes
#16 A

p. 263
#17 Q

The term that describes the social processes used to minimize DEVIANCE from social norms
#17 A

[ Indirect and Direct ]
p. 250
#18 Q

This is the one category of STREET CRIME that the F.B.I. does NOT keep or publish statistics about each year
#18 A

pp. 252-3
#19 Q

List three arguments that supporters of DECRIMINALIZATION of drugs use to support drug legalization
#19 A

Three arguments:
1) It would take the profits out of illegal drugs
2) It would eliminate a major reason for gang violence
3) It would remove drug dealers from the market
p. 253
#20 Q

This is the definition of SECONDARY DEVIANCE
#20 A

A type of DEVIANCE that usually becomes part of the offender's SELF-CONCEPT
p. 264
#21 Q

List three examples from the text of VICTIMLESS CRIMES
#21 A

Three examples:
1) Prostitution
2) Illicit drug use
3) Gambling
p. 253
#22 Q

This is the definition of VICTIMLESS CRIMES
#22 A

Illegal acts in which all direct participants are consenting adults; where no person is necessarily "hurt", except, in some cases, the person committing the crime
p. 253
#23 Q

This is the definition of the term ANOMIE
#23 A

A condition of NORMLESSNESS
[ a lack of effective norms governing people's behavior ]
p. 260
#24 Q

This is the definition of the LABELING THEORY
#24 A

Argues that deviance is defined by societal reaction to certain people and THEIR behaviors, and not by the behaviors themselves
p. 263
#25 Q

This is the true of DETERRENCE
#25 A

It is one of the main purposes for having FORMAL NEGATIVE SANCTIONS
p. 250
#26 Q

This is another term for STREET CRIME
#26 A

p. 252
#27 Q

List two examples of biological theories/explanations of DEVIANCE from the 19th and 20th centuries
#27 A

1) Atavism/physical abnormalities (Lombroso)
2) "Mesomorphism"/short & stocky (Sheldon)
3) "X-Y-Y Chromosome" theory
4) Phrenology (the bumps on the head, and the shape of the skull)
p. 259
#28 Q

This is the definition of a CRIME
#28 A

Failure to conform to a LAW
#29 Q

List the two deadliest drugs used in the U.S.
#29 A

1) Tobacco
(kills >400,000 per year; 1 out of every 5 deaths)
2) Alcohol
(causes +/- 100,000 deaths per year
#30 Q

This is the approximate number of U.S. residents who die each year from all illegal drug use
#30 A

(fewer than one-fourth the number who die from alcohol abuse)
#31 Q

This is the annual percentage increase in the number of African Americans who were imprisoned during the 1980's (the peak of the "War on Drugs")
#31 A

(Imprisonment rates of caucasians rose by 81% during the same period)
#32 Q

During the period of 1980 - 1998, this is how the percentage of federal inmates imprisoned for drug charges changed for African Americans
#32 A

1980: 25%
1998: 59%
#33 Q

Between 1986 - 1996, this is the percentage of increase in the number of women who were imprisoned on drug charges
#33 A

888% increase
(compared to 129% increase for all other offenses)
#34 Q

List the percentages of the U.S. population who use illegal drugs, according to race (black, hispanic, white)
#34 A

(in descending order) Blacks: 7.5%
Whites: 6.4%
Hispanics: 5.9%
#35 Q

This is the percentage that men are more likely to use illegal drugs than women
#35 A

+/- 200%
(men are nearly twice as likely as women to use illegal drugs)
#36 Q

This is the definition of SOCIAL CONTROLS
#36 A

All social processes used to minimize DEVIANCE from social norms
p. 250