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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Main Point

I
Identify Main Point and Reasons.

Use why test to match my point against questions.

Make sure not to fall for the opposite.
Main Point

It
Cannot use extreme wording

Must be relevant.

(down to two choices)
Assumption

I
Identify issue, main point, reasons, and assumptions.

Look for gap between arguments.

Negate each statement to see if the argument falls apart.
Assumption

It
Must strengthen the author’s point

Will be necessary for the point to follow from the information provided
Weaken

I
Identify issue, point, reasons, and assumption

Look for leap in logic
Weaken

It
Must have a choice that has a negative impact on leap in logic
Strengthen

I
Identify issue, point, reasons, and assumption

Look for leap in logic
Strengthen

It
Must have a choice that has a positive impact on leap in logic
Resolve/Explain

I
Identify the apparent discrepancy or paradox.

Assume all choices to be hypothetically true.
Resolve/Explain

It
Must give a piece of information that, when added to the argument, allows both facts from the argument to be true.
Inference

I
Pay close attention to qualifying language

Read carefully, then go to answer choices.
Inference

It
Must give answers that are directly supported by the evidence

Cannot use extreme language

Must be relevant
Reasoning

I
Describe what is happening in my own words

Take that description and apply it to all the answers.
Reasoning

It
Must have answers with actions that actually occurred

Cannot give answers with actions that did not appear in the argument.
Flaw

I
Break down the argument and find the assumption.

State the problem with the argument in my own words.

Look for answers that match the assumption and actions
Flaw

It
Must have answers with actions that are described in the argument.
Parallel-the-Reasoning

I
Make sure I know if argument contains either flawed or valid reasoning (from question)

Avoid parallel-the-flawed reasoning questions.
Principle

I
Will make clear which direction the argument is flowing (either justify - support the action or conforms – matches the principle)
Principle

It
Will need to support-justify or conform-match the actions