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514 Cards in this Set

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a-
Without, not, lack of
ab-
From, away from
-ac
pertaining to
acet
vinigar
acou-,acousti-, audi
hear
acr/o-
extremity
actin
ray, radius
ad-
to, toward, near
aden/o
gland
adip/o, lip
fat
aer/o
air
agglutin/o
clumping
-al
pertaining to, connected with
alb, leuko, albin/o
white
-algesi/o, algia
pain, sensitivity
aliment/o
nourish
amphi-, ambi
on both sides, both
amyl/o
starch
-an-
without, not, lack of
ana
up, positive
andr/o
male
angi/o
vessel
aniso
unequal
ankyl/o
stiff joint, fusion or growing together of parts
an/o
anus, opening of the rectum
ante-, anter/o
before, infront of , front
anti-
against
antro
antrum chamber, sinus, cavity, cavern
aort/o
aorta
aque/o
water
arachn
spide
-arche
beginning
anteri/o
little artery, arteriole, artery
arthr/o, articul
joint
-ary
pertaining to
-asthenia
without strength, weakness
asthesi/o
sensation, feeling
ather/o
fatty deposit, plaque
audi/o
hearing
aur/o
ear
auto
self
axill/o
armpit
ba
go, walk
bacteri/o
bacteria
Balan/o
Glans penis
baro
pressure, weight
bas/o
basic or alkaline
bi-, bis
two
bil/i
bile, gall
bio
life
-blast, -blast/o
embryonic, primitive, cell
blephar/o
eyelid
brachi/o
arm
brady-
slow
bronch/o, bronchus
bronchus (pl. bronchi), windpipe
bucc/o
cheek
burs/o
sac
cac
bad, abnormal
cal.
calorie
calc/i, calc/o
calcium
calcane/o
calcaneum, heel bone, stone
calor, thermo
heat
capit, cephal
head
-capnia
carbon dioxide, CO2
carcin/o
cancer, crab
cardi/o
heart
carp/o
wrist, carpus
caud
tail
caus/o
burn, burning
-cele
tumor, hernia, swelling, protrusion
celi/o
abdomen
cent
100
cente, -centesis
to puncture, puncture to withdraw fluid
centr
point, center
cephal/o
head
cept
take, receive
cer
wax
cerebell/o
cerebellum
cerebr/o
cerebrum
cervic/o, trache
neck, cervix
-chalasis
relaxation
cheil/o, labi
lip
cheir, chir
hand
chem/o
chemical drug
chlor/o
green
cholangi/o
bile duct
chol/e, cholo
bile, gall
cholecyst/o
gallbladder
choledoch/e
common, bile duct
chondr/o
cartilage
-chrome, -chrom/o
color
-cide
cut, kill
circum-
around
cirrh/o
yellow, tawny
-cis/o
to cut
coagul/o
clotting
clasis
breakdown
clavic
collar bone
clysis
irrigate, wash, break down
co, com, con
with, together, cohesion
-cocc, coccus
round bacteria, berry-shaped
col/o
colon
colp/o
vagina
contra-
against
coron/o
heart
corpor
body
cost/o
ribs
crani/o
skull bones, cranium, skull
-crin/o
to secrete
cry/o
cold
crypt/o
hidden
-cusis
hearing
cutane/o
skin
cyan/o
blue
cyst/o
bladder, sac, cyst
cyt/o, cyte
cell
dacry/o
tear, tear duct
dactyl/o, digit
appendage (finder or toe)
de
away from, down from
deca
ten
dent/o, odont, dent/i
tooth
-derm/o, dermat/o
skin
-desis
binding, stabalization, fusion
dextr/o
to the right of, right-handed
di-
two, twice
dia-
through, across, apart and separate
diaphor/o
profuse sweating
diplo-
double
-dips/o
thirst
dis
separate, free, undo, from, apart, twice, doubly
disco
disk
dist/o
away from
dors/o
back of body
duoden/o
duodenum
dur/o
hard
-dynia, dyno, dys
pain, bad, difficult
e, ec
out from
ectasis
dilation, expansion
ecto-
outside
-ectomy
excision, removal
-ectopo, ectopia
misplaced, displaced
ede
swell
electro
electricity
em, en, im, in
in, within, inside
-emesis, emetic
vomit
-emia
blood condition (of)
encephal/o
brain
endo-
in, within, inner
enter/o
small intestines
eosin/o
red, rosy, dawn-colored
epi-
uppon, over, in addition to, above
episi/o
vulva
erythem/o, erythro
redness
erythrocyt/o
red cell
erg/o
work
escent
beginning to be
esis
action, process, result, condition
esophag-
esophagus
-esthesia
feeling, sensation
estr/o
female
eu-
good, easy, well, normal
ex, externo, extro, exto, exo
out, out from, out of, away from
faci
face
febr
fever, fiber
ferent
carry, bear, information
ferr
iron
fet/i, fet/o
fetus
fibrin/o
fiber, connective tissue
fiss
split
flex/o
to bend
fluoro
fluorescence
funct
perform, serve
galact/o
milk
gangli/o
swelling, ganglion
gastr/o
stomach
-gen
to produce, generate
gen, geron
old
-genesis
origin, beginning, reproducing, development
gest
bear, carry
gingiv/o
gum
-globin, globulin
protein
gloss/o
tongue
gluc/o, glucos/o, glyc/o
sugar, sweetness
gnoso, gnosis
know, discern, knowledge
gonad/o
sex gland
-gram
a writing, record, draw, letter
-graph
instrument, used for recording; to write
-gravida
pregnancy, heavy
gynec/o
woman, female
hemi-
half, partial
hem, hemat, hem/o
blood
hemangi/o
blood vessel
hepat/o
liver
heter/o
different, the other
hidr/o
sweat
hist/o, histi/o
tissue
home/o
likeness, resemblance, common, same
horm/o
impulse, impetus
hydr/o, hydra
water
hyper-
over, above, excessive, beyond, too much
hypn/o
sleep
hypo-
under, below, beneath, less, decreased
hyster/o
uterus, womb
-ia, ity
condition (of), process, state
-iasis
abnormal condition, formation of, presence of
-iatric
medicine, physician
iatro
treatment physician
-ic, -ical, -iac, -ile, -ior
pertaining to
ichthyl/o
scaly, dry
ician
specialist
hist/o, histi/o
tissue
home/o
likeness, resemblance, common, same
horm/o
impulse, impetus
hydr/o, hydra
water
hyper-
over, above, excessive, beyond, too much
hypn/o
sleep
hypo-
under, below, beneath, less, decreased
hyster/o
uterus, womb
-ia, ity
condition (of), process, state
-iasis
abnormal condition, formation of, presence of
-iatric
medicine, physician
iatro
treatment physician
-ic, -ical, -iac, -ile, -ior
pertaining to
ichthyl/o
scaly, dry
ician
specialist
ile/o
lower abdomen
ili/o
ilium, hip
im-, in-
not, in, on
infra-, infer/o
under, below, beneath, after
inguin/o
groin
inter-
between, among
intestin/o
intestines
intra-, intro
in, within, inside
is/o
equal, same
ischi/o
ischium, hip
-ism
condition, state of being, practice of
-ist
one who specializes
-itis
inflammation
-ize
to make, to use
ject
throw
jejun/o
jejunum
kal/i
potassium
kerat/o
cornea; hornlike
kilo
1,000
kinesi/o, kine, kinesia
movement
kyph/o
hump
labi/o
lip
lacrim/o
tear
lact/o
milk
lapar/o
abdominal wall, abdomin, loin, flank
-lapse
to slide, sag
laryng/o
voice box, larynx
later/o
side
-lepsy
seizure
leuc/o-, leuk/o
white
lingu/o
tongue
lip/o
fat
-lith/o
stone, calculus
-logist
one who studies
-logy
study of, science of
lun
moon
lymphaden/o
lymph node
lymphangi/o
lymph vessel
-lysis
separate, destroy, break down, loosen
-lytic
destruction
macro-, mega, megaly
large, big, enlargement
macul/o
stain, spot
mal-
ill, bad, poor, abnormal, disordered
-malacia
softening
mamm/o, masto
breast
man
hand
mania
excessive excitement
-monometer
instrument to measure pressure
mastoid/o
mastoid process
megaly
enlarged
melan/o
black
mening/o
meninges, brain covering, membrane
men/o
menses, menstruation
ment/o
mind
mes.o, med, mid, medi
middle
meta
after, beyond, over, change
metr/o
uterus, womb
-metry
act of measuring, to measure
micro-
small
milli
1/1000
mono-
one
morph/o
shape, form
multi-
many, much
mut/a
genetic change, mutation
myces, mycosis, myco
fungus, fungal infection
myc/o, mych/o
fungus
mydr/o
larger, widen
myel/o
bone marrow, spinal cord
my/o, muscul
muscle
myring/o
tympanic membrane, eardrum
narc/o
sleep, numbness, stupor
nas/o
nose
nat/o, nat/i
birth
natr/o
sodium
necr/o
corpse, dead
ne/o
new
nephr/o
kidney
neur/o
nerve, neuron
noct/o, noct/i
night
norm/o
rule, odor
nucle/o
nucleus
nulli
none
nutri
nourish
o/o
egg
ocul/o, ophthalm/o, opt/o
eye
odont/o
tooth
odynia
pain in a specific location
-oid
resemble, form
olig/o
scanty, few, small
-ology
study of
-oma
tumor
omento
covering
omphal/o
umbilicus, navel
onc/o
tumor, mass
oo/o, o/o
egg, ovum
oophor/o, ovari/o
ovary
op, -opia, opsia
vision, see
opaque
nontransparent
opistho
backward
opsy
view, examine
ophthalm/o
eye
orch/o, orchi/o, orchid/o
testes
orexia
condition of the appitite, appitite
or/o
mouth
orth/o
straight
ose
carbohydrate
-osis
abnormal condition
oss, oste/o
bone
ostomy
forming an opening
ov/i, ov/o
egg
ox/o, oxy/o, ox/i
oxygen, O2
pachy
thick
palpebro
eyelid
pan-
all
pancreat/o
pancreas
papillo
optic disc
papul/o
pimple
para-
near, beside, beyond
par/o, part/o
labor, childbirth
-paresis
partial or imcomplete paralysis, weakness
parous
bearing, give birth
partum
birth, labor
patell/o
patella, knee cap
-pathy, patho
disease
pector/o, pect
chest, breast
ped/o
foot, child
pelv/o
pelvis
-pen, penia
decrease, deficiency, lack of
pend
hang down
pepsia, peps, pept
digestion
per
throughout, through, by
peri-
around, about
-pexy
fixation, suspension
phac/o
lens
phag/o, phagia
swallow, eat
phalang/o
phalanges, bones of fingers and toes
pharmac/o
drug
pharyng/o
pharynx, throat
phas/o
speak, say
pharmac
drug
-phasia, phas/o
speech
-phil, -philia
to love, attraction for
phleb/o
vein
-phobia
fear (irrational)
-phon/o
voice, sound
photo
light
phren/o
diaphram, mind
physio
related to nature, body
physis
to grow, growing
pilo
hair
plakia
plate, patch
-plasia, plas, plasty, plas/o
formation, development, surgical, repair
-plegia
paralysis
pleur/o, cost/o
pleura, side, rib
pne, pnea, pneum/o, pneumon/o
lung, air, breathing
pod/o
foot
-poiesis
formation, production, make
poly-
many, much
-porosis
pores or cavities, callus
posit
put, place
post-, postero
after, backward, behind
-prandial
pertaining to a meal
pre-, pro-
before, in front of
presby/o
old age
primi-
first
proct/o
anus, rectum
prosth/o
addition
proteo
protein
proxim/o
near, point of reference
pseud/o-
false
psych/o
mind
-ptosis
prolapse, falling, drooping
pulmon/o
lung
punct
prick, pierce
py/o, pur
pus
pyel/o
renal pelvis
pylor/o
pylorus
pyr, pyro, pyret/o
febrile condition, fire
quad-, quadri-
four
quinque
five
radi/o
root, radius, ray, radiation
re-
again, back, contrary
rect/o
rectum
ren/o
kidney
reticul/o
immature, net
retro-
backward, behind
rhin/o
nose
rhythmia
rhythm
roentgen/o
x-ray
-rrhage, -rrhagia, -rhexis
burst forth (of), excessive flow
-rrhea
rupture
-rrhaphy
suture, repair
-rhe
discharge, flow
-rube
red
salping/o
fallopian tubes, oviducts, uterine tubes, eustachian tube
sanguin/o
blood
sarc/o
flesh
schiz/o
divided
scler/o
sclera, hard
scoli/o
vertebra, backbone
-scope
instrument to view or examine
-scopy
visual examination, observe, look
seb/o
sebum, oil
sect/o
to cut
semi-
half, partial
sens
feeling
-seps/o
infection
sept
poison, wall off, infection, rot, decay, seven
sinistr/o
left
sis
action, process, state or condition
somat/o
body
somn/o
sleep
spher/o
round
sphygm/o
pulsing
spir/o
breathing
splen/o
spleen
spondyl/o
vertebrae, backbone
squam/o
scale-like
sta
make stand, stationary, sit, set
stalsis
constriction, contraction
staphyl/o
grape-like clusters
stasis
standing still
-steat/o, stear
fat
-stenosis
constriction, narrowing
stern/o
breast bone, sternum
steth/o
chest
-sthenia
strength, energy
stomat/o
mouth
-stomy
mouth, forming an operning
strep
twisted
struct
pile up
sub-
under, beneath, below
sudoro
sweat
super-, supra-
above, over
sym, syn
union, together
tachy-
rapid, fast
tact
touch
talo, tars/o
ankle
-taxia
muscular coordination, order, arrange
teg
cover
-tension
pressure
tens/o
stretch
thel/o
nipple
-therapy
treatment
therm/o
heat
thorac/o, -thorax
chest
thromb/o
clot
thym/o
thymus
thyr, thyroid/o
thyroid, shield
tme
cut
-tocia, toc/o
labor, childbirth
toma
tumor, mass
-tome
instrument to cut
-tomy
incision, cut into
ton/o. tend/o, tendin/o
tendon, tone, stretch
tors
twist
-toxic, tox/o
poison, toxic
trache/o, tracheal
trachea, windpipe
trans-
through, across
tri-
three
trich/o
hair
-tripsy
crush
-trophy
nourishment, development
-tropia
turning, to turn
tympan/o
tympanic membrane, eardrum
uln/o
ulna
ultra-
beyond, excess
ungu/o
nail
uni-, un
one
ur/o, uria, urio
urine
ureter/o
urethra
uter/o, hyster, metr
uterus, womb
uve/o
vascular
vagin/o, colp
vagina, sheath
vas/o
vas deferens, vessel
ven/o
vein
ventr/o
belly, belly-side
version, vert
turning, altering position of a fetus
vesic/o
bladder, blister
vesicul/o
seminal vesicle
viscer/o
organ (internal)
vit/o
blemish
vitre/o
glassy
vuis
turn, twist
xanth/o
yellow
xer/o
dry
xipho
sword, xiphiod process
zo
life
zyg
yolk