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23 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Which mineral is lacking or deficient in osteoporosis?
Calcium
What happens to skin as it ages?
It thins out and loses elasticity
PROPRIOCEPTION
awareness of body's position
Cardiovascular Signs of Aging
-Heart capacity decreases by 25%
-Cardiac muscle strength decreases (can't pump as well)
-Valves become thickened and more rigid (don't open and close right anymore)
PRESBYCUSIS
Progressive loss of hearing with aging

(Presby-"old" & "C" looks like an ear)
PRESBYOPIA
Decreased sight in elderly (farsighted old people!)

Presby-"old" Opia-"pertaining to eyes"
What is TIA?
Transient-Ischemic Attack--interruption of flow to brain that causes stroke like symptoms BUT IS TEMPORARY!
What are some symptoms of TIA?
-Sudden inability to write/speak
-Pain / Numbness
-Amnesia
-Loss of balance
GLAUCOMA
Condition characterized by increased intraocular pressure (increased pressure inside eyeball)
CATARACT
Clouding of the lens (in the eye)
Symptoms of Cataracts
Blurry vision
Signs & Symptoms of Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD)
-Poor circulation in extremities (cyanosis)
-Distended veins
-Hair loss
-Cool Skin Temperature
INTERMITTENT CLAUDICATION
Cramping of leg muscles brought on by exercise
What is treatment of intermittent claudication?
REST-exercise some until it begins to hurt and then rest until pain goes away then exercise some more
TINNITUS
Ringing in the ears
Why are the elderly always cold?
-Thinner skin
-Slower circulation
What factors contribute to falls in the elderly?
-Decreased mobility

-Decreased health status

-Decreased mental status
What are some ways to relieve constipation?
-Increase mobility (move around more)
-Increase fiber
-Increase fluids
OSTEOPOROSIS
-Decrease in bone mass
(bones are more hollow and therefore, break easier)
GERONTOLOGY
Field of science that studies the process of aging
What does a decrease in peristalsis (wave-like motion of the intestines) mean to the elderly?
Constipation
How can a nurse best assess the elderly patient's nutritional status?
-By questioning the patient
-By closing observing patient's nutritional patterns (know what your patient is eating and how much)
In presbycusis, what ability diminishes first?
Ability to hear high pitched sounds