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120 Cards in this Set

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The seventh common digital vein collects blood from the _____ toe.
4th
Name the lymph nodes that lie along the proximal end of the great saphenous vein.
Vertical group of Superficial Inguinal Lymph Nodes
Name one nerve that can include the area normally supplied by the intermediate femoral cutaneous nerve.
Femoral Branch of the Genitofemoral Nerve
Name one cutaneous nerve that arises from the fifth lumbar and first and second sacral ventral rami.
Deep Fibular Nerve
The medical calcaneal nerve provides cutaneous innervation for the _______ Dermatome.
S-2
Name the dermatome that supplies the medial surface of the foot.
L-4
The cribiform fascia is a thin area of the _________.
Fascia Lata
The fibers of the cruciate crural ligament are continuous laterally with fibers of the _______.
Inferior Fibular Retinaculum
Name the thickened skin under the free edge of the nail.
Hyponychium
Name the levels of the myotome that is activated during a normal adult response to the Babinski test.
S-1, S-2
Name the superficial vein that collects blood from the dorsal metatarsal vein 2.
Dorsal Venous Arch
Name the nerve that devides into the medial and lateral plantar nerve.
Tibial Nerve
The superficial peroneal nerve arises specifically from the ______ spinal levels.
L-4, L-5, S-1 of Ventral Rami
Name the dermatome that includes the medial plantar heel.
S-2
Name the Y-shaped deep fascia retinaculum.
Inferior Extensor Retinaculum
Name the nerve that provides cutaneous innervations to the 1st web space.
Deep Fibular Nerve
Name one structure that prevents infection by sealing the nail plate.
Cuticle
Name the structure that drains into the femoral vein at the fossa ovalis.
Great Saphenous Vein
Name the deep tendon reflex that tests the ankle plantar flexor myotome.
Achilles Reflex
Name the superficial vein that passes along the posterior aspect of the leg.
Small Saphenous Vein.
Name the lymph nodes that receive lymph fluid from the deep inguinal lymph nodes.
External Iliac Lymph Nodes
Name the nerve that arises from the second and third lumnar ventral rami.
Femoral cutaneous nerve
Name the nerve that supplies the skin of the popliteal surface.
Posterior Femoral Cutaneous Nerve
Proper dorsal digital nerve 1 provides cutaneous innervation for the _______ dermatome.
L-4
Name the dense connective tissue structure that is thichened to form the transverse crural ligament.
Fascia Cruris
Name the skin beneath the free edge of the nail plate.
Hyponychium
Name the dermatome that supplies the fourth pedal digit.
L-5
Name the clinical test that evaluates the knee extension myotome.
Patellar Reflex Test
Nme one joint whose flexion myotome is from the first and second sacral ventral roots.
Plantar Flexion at the Ankle Joint
Name the vein that passes across the metatarsal basses on the superior aspect of the foot.
Dorsal Venous Arch
The _______ lymph nodes will probably become inflamed first when a patient has a subcutaneous infection of the hallux.
Vertical Superficial Inguinal Lymph Nodes
Name the nerves that supply gluteal skin and arise from ventral rami of the first, second and third sacral spinal nerves.
Inferior Cluneal Nerves
Name the nerve that supplies the anterolateral surface of the thigh.
Lateral Femoral cutaneous Nerve
Name the branch of the intermediate dorsal cutaneous nerve that supplies the fourth webspace.
Common Dorsal Digital Nerve 3
Name one nerve that supplies skin of the inferior aspect of the foot and arises from the first and second sacral spinal segments.
Lateral Plantar Nerve
Name the part of the fascia lata through which the great saphenous vein passes.
Cribriform Fascia
Name the Y-shaped retinaculum.
Inferior Extensor Retinaculum
Name the part of a nail that can geet a person listed in the Guiness Book of World Records and also protects the distal tuft of the digit.
Free edge of the nail plate
Name the proximal skin fold along the nail plate.
Eponychium
Name the cutaneous nerve that supplies the first webspace.
Deep Peroneal (Fibular)
Name the deep tendon reflex that tests the myotome of the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th lumbar spinal nerves.
Patellar (Reflex)
Which nerve gives rise to the proper dorsal digital nerve of the hallux?
Medial Dorsal Cutaneous Nerve of the Foot
Name the thickening of the deep fascia found at the lateral aspect of the fascia lata.
Iliotibial Band (Tract)
Give the other name for the cruciate crural ligament.
Inferior Extensor Retinaculum
Name the structure that is primarily responsible for the growth of the nail plate.
Matrix
Name the dermatome that supplies the medial 1/2 of the surface of the calcaneal region.
S-2
Name the dermatome that supplies the hallux
L-4
Name the structure that is formed by the anterior superior edge of the first sacral vertebral body.
Sacral Promontory
Name the structure formed by the spinous processes of the sacral vertebrae
Median Sacral Crest
In the plantar foot the tibial nerve terminates into two major nerves. Name one
medial plantar n.
The hottest anatomy professor of all time
Stephanie Belovich
Name the deep fascia that covers the thigh
fascia lata
Name the vein that passes throught the deep fascia and drains into the popliteal vein
small saphenous vein
Two retinacula make up the fibular (peroneal) retinaculum (i.e. external annular ligament) and secure the peroneal (fibular) tendons. Name one
superior fibular retinaculum
Name the nail structure that seals the proximal edge of the nail plate from infection
cuticle
clubbing of nails is often seen in what metabolic disease
hyperthyroidism
The myotome that is activated during knee joint flexion arises from what spinal levels
L5, S1
A superficial infection of the 5th toe or lateral border of the foot will stay superficial, or go deep?
goes deep
Name the cutaneous nerve that provides sensory innervation to the anteromedial aspect of the leg and the distal anterior leg.
Saphenous nerve
Give the spinal level of the dermatome that sends innervation from the posterosuperior gluteal region anteriorly across the thigh, knee, leg, and dorsum of the foot, to its termination on the plantar aspect of the midfoot and hallux
L4
The 7th common dorsal digital vein collects blood from the _______ toe
4th
Name the lymph nodes that lie along the proximal end of the great saphenous vein
Vertical group of superficial inguinal lymph nodes?
Name one N. that can include the area normally supplied by the intermediate femoral cutaneous nerve
Femoral Branch of the Genitofemoral Nerve
Name one cutaneous N. that arises from the 5th Lumbar and first and second sacral ventral rami.
Deep fibular Nerve or lateral cutaneous nerve of the calf.
The medial calcaneal N. provides innervation to
S2 dermatome
Dermatome that supplies the medial surface of the foot
L4
The cribriform fascia is a thin area of the
Fascia Lata
Name the thickened skin under the free edge of the nail plate
hyponichium
Normal levels of the myotome that is activated during a normal adult response to the Babinski Test
S1, S2
The fibers of the cruciate crural ligament are continuous laterally with fibers of the
inferior fibular retinaculum
The seventh common dorsal digital vein collects blood from the
4th toe
Name the superficial vein that drains the dorsomedial aspect of the third digit
common dorsal digital vein #4
Name one vein that normally enters into the great saphenous vein
dorsal venous arch
name the lymph nodes that lie along the proximal end of the femoral vein
deep inguinal lymph nodes
proper dorsal digital nerve ten provides cutaneous innervation for the
S1 dermatome
the middle cluneal nerve arises specifically from the
dorsal rami of S1, S2, S3
name one thickening of deep fascia that attaches to the medial malleolus
flexor retinaculum
dermatome that supplies the posterior aspect of the knee region
S2
Name the spinal levels tested by the achilles reflex
S1, S2
Name the thickening of the fasia lata laterally
iliotibial tract
a patient presents to your office. His toe nails have a transverse ridge one-third of the distance from the proximal nail fold to the free edge of the nail plate. In whole numbers, approximately how long ago was he ill?
3 months
Name the superficial vein that begins as the union of the dorsal venous arch and the lateral marginal vein.
small saphenous vein
Lymph fluid filtered by the anterior tibial lymph node then passes to the _______ lymph nodes
deep inguinal lymph nodes
The cutaneous nerve that supplies the central part of the medial aspect of the thigh arises from the
L2, L3, L4 ventral rami
Name the cutaneousnerve that arises from the fourth and fifth lumbar and first sacral ventral rami
superficial fibular nerve
Structure covered by cribriform fascia
fossa ovalis (saphenous opening)
The Y shaped thickening of the fascia cruris and dorsalis pedis
Inferior Extensor Retinaculum
The lunula of the nail plate is white in color bc
it has living cells that contain nuclei and cannot see blood vessels below
The sural nerve contains cutaneous innervation for the _____ dermatome
S-1
Name the myotomes that provide the subtalar joint eversion myotome
L5, S1
Name the dermatome that includes the medial malleoulus
L4
Spinal Reflex Test. Stroke plantar heel from central planar heel to the 5th metatarsal check for plantaflexion in toes. This test is called _________ Dorsiflexion of hallux with flaring of toes is abnormal after age ______.
Babinski Test, 2 yrs. old
tap ____ tendon, will eel contraction of the calf. Test spinal segments _____
achilles, S1 and S2 (Achilles Reflex)
test spinal segments L2,L3,L4, knee extensor myotome
Patellar reflex
A withdrawal response. Protective reflex mediated in the Spinal Cord.
Spinal Reflex
muscle stretch reflex mediated in the spinal cord
Deep Tendon Reflex
what causes longitudinal ridges in the nail
nail matrix trauma
Little white spots in the nail are due to
minor nail trauma
Transverse Ridge in the nail
Beau's Line
nail pitting comes from
psoriasis, eczema
clubbing nails comes from
thyroid disease
half and half nail appearance comes from
renal failure
Terry's nails are an outcome of
liver cirrhosis
Why is the removal of a deadnail painless
it is not attached to the nail bed. The nail Bed receives Proper Digital Plantar nerves.
most pronounced region in the leg
intermuscular septae
present in all regions of the lower limb
intermuscular septae
Intermuscular septae aid in:
venous return as the venous pump/calf pump
Aid in forming retinaculum near the ankle (3 things)
Fascia cruris, Fascia Dorsalis Pedis, Plantar Fascia
Hold Tom, Dick, and Harry Tendons together
flexor retinaculum
deep fascia over the butt
gluteal fascia
Medial Calcaneal Nerve is a branch of what nerve
Tibial Nerve
You can aquire Joplins Neuroma in the
1st or 10th proper digital plantar nerves
1st, 2nd, and 3rd common digital plantar nerves are branches of the
medial plantar nerve
numbness from increased pressure on the digits. Patients who wear small shoes.
Joplin's Neuroma
The only two cutaneous nerves from dorsal rami are:
Superior and Middle Cluneal Nerves
Divides into commom dorsal digital nerves 2 through 9
superficial fibular nerve
Nerve that can be traced to the lumbar plexus
Saphenous nerve
Cutaneous Nerve that pierces Sartorius muscle
Intermediate femoral Cutaneous
Lymph nodes that are Palpable only during severe infections:
Deep Inguinal Lymph nodes and Popliteal Lymph nodes
Morton's neuroma can be found where
Communicating branch of lateral plantar nerve