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21 Cards in this Set

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LOWER EXTREMITIES #1

Inspect lower extremities for (2) symmetry, color, hair distribution, varicosities, lesions, and swelling
LOWER EXTREMITIES #1
LOWER EXTREMITIES #2

Palpate skin for (2) temperature, turgor, texture, swelling
LOWER EXTREMITIES #2
LOWER EXTREMITIES #3

Palpate popliteal pulses for rhythm & equality
LOWER EXTREMITIES #3

When you do pulses, do them on bilaterally on both sides. Don’t go down the leg and then down the other. Equality means same rate.
LOWER EXTREMITIES #4

Palpate posterior tibial pulses for rhythm & equality
LOWER EXTREMITIES #4

When you do pulses, do them on bilaterally on both sides. Don’t go down the leg and then down the other. Equality means same rate.
LOWER EXTREMITIES #5

Palpate dorsalis pedis pulses for rhythm & equality
LOWER EXTREMITIES #5

When you do pulses, do them on bilaterally on both sides. Don’t go down the leg and then down the other. Equality means same rate.
LOWER EXTREMITIES #6

Inspect hips for swelling & deformity
LOWER EXTREMITIES #6
LOWER EXTREMITIES #7

Palpate hips for (2) swelling, enlargement, tenderness, pain
LOWER EXTREMITIES #7
LOWER EXTREMITIES #8

Inspect knees for (2) alignment, contour, enlargement, atrophy of quadriceps
LOWER EXTREMITIES #8
LOWER EXTREMITIES #9

Palpate knees for (2) swelling, enlargement, tenderness, pain
LOWER EXTREMITIES #9
LOWER EXTREMITIES #10

Test ROM of hips for pain, crepitation, limited movement (flexion, extension, internal & external rotation, abduction,
adduction)
LOWER EXTREMITIES #10

For hip and knee ROM, make sure you inspect and palpate both knees and hips so you can do ROM of hip and knee together.
For abduction and adduction of the hip you can support the leg and make sure toes are pointing upward.
LOWER EXTREMITIES #11

Test muscle strength of hips flexion against resistance
LOWER EXTREMITIES #11
LOWER EXTREMITIES #12

Test ROM of knees for pain, crepitation, limited movement (flexion, extension);
LOWER EXTREMITIES #12
LOWER EXTREMITIES #13

Test muscle strength of knees (flexion & extension against resistance)
LOWER EXTREMITIES #13
LOWER EXTREMITIES #14

Inspect ankles & feet for deformities, nodules, swelling, calluses, lesions
LOWER EXTREMITIES #14
LOWER EXTREMITIES #15

Palpate ankles & feet for (2) swelling, nodules, tenderness, pain
LOWER EXTREMITIES #15
LOWER EXTREMITIES #16

Palpate toes for capillary refill on 2-3 toes on each foot
LOWER EXTREMITIES #16
LOWER EXTREMITIES #17

Test ROM of ankles for pain, crepitation, limited movement (inversion, eversion, plantar flexion, dorsiflexion); of toes
(flextion, extension)
LOWER EXTREMITIES #17
LOWER EXTREMITIES #18

Test muscle strength of ankles (plantar flexion & dorsiflexion against resistance)
LOWER EXTREMITIES #18
LOWER EXTREMITIES #19

Test plantar reflex
LOWER EXTREMITIES #19

Have patient lie down
LOWER EXTREMITIES #20

Test Deep Tendon Reflex (DTR) quadriceps (knee/patella)
LOWER EXTREMITIES #20

Knees are dangling and not touching the back of the bed. Don’t stand in front of patient. Non-dominant hand on the thigh.
LOWER EXTREMITIES #21

Demonstrate appropriate interaction and draping
LOWER EXTREMITIES #21

Drape should have one corner up at the neck, one corner at each sides, and 1 corner between the legs. Have the patient tuck the corner inbetween their legs.