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83 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is A/E of Metformin?
Lactic Acidosis
What is MOA of Metformin?
inhibits gluconeogenesis
acts by primarily decreasing hepatic glucose output
What is the MOA of Leuprolide?
- blocks GnRH
decrease FSH LH
Which antifungal gives you gynecomastia?
Ketoconazol
What do you need to give a patient w/ Amphotericin B?
Heparin to reduce thrombophlebitis
What drugs give you agranulositosis?
Carbamazepine
Colchicine
Clozapine

granules
Escarbar
Take the granules put them on a colcha
and cloze them
What drugs give you Torsade de Pointes?
Quinidine
Sotalol
Cisaprides

Queen Saw Cicis
Aplastic Anemia causing Drugs?
Chloramphenicol
Benzenes
NSAIDs
Hemolytic Anemia caused by drugs?
Sulfonamides
Isoniazides
Aspirin
Primaquine
Nitrofurantoin
FAVA beans
What drugs cause pulmonary fibrosis?
Amiodarone
Busulfan
Bleomycin
Acute Cholestatic Hepatitis?
Macrolides

MACRO destruction of hepatic
Massive Hepatic Necrosis?
Acetaminophen
Halothane
Valproic Acid
Amanita Phalloides
What is the MOA of Acarbose?
decrease absorption in GI tract of glucose
What drug causes hepatitis>
Isoniazid

B6 sixoniazid
Pseudomembranous?
Clindamycin
Ampicillin
Gynecomastia?
Some Drugs CreatE Awesome Knockers
Gynecomastia?
Spirinolactone
Digitalis
Cimetidina
Estrogen
Alcohol
Ketoconazole
Hot flashes?
Tamoxifen
Gingival Hyperplasia?
PHENYTOPIN
Nifedipine
Cyclosporine
Osteoporosis drugs?
Corticosteroids
Heparin
Photo sensitivity?
SAT for a PHOTO
Photo sensitivity
Sulfononamides
Amiodarone
Tetracyclcine
Fanconi Sx?
Expired Tetracycline
Interstitial Nephritis?
MethicillIN
Hemorrhagic Cystistis?
Cyclophosphamide
Prevent Hemorrhagic Cystitis?
MESNA
Cinchonism?
Quinidine
Nephrogenic DI?
Lithium
Demeclocycline
SIADH?
Carbamazepine
Chloropropamide
Seizures?
Bupoprion
Imipenem
Cilastatin

makes the seizures last too
Disulfiram like Rx?
Metronidazol
Cephalosporin
Procarbazine
Sulfonyloreas
Nephrotoxicity and Neurotoxicity?
polymixins
Nephrotoxicity + Ototoxicity?
AmiNOglycosides
Loops
Cisplatin
Virchow's Triad?
Stasis
Hypercoagulability
Endothelial Damage
When do you see Virchow's Triad?
Deep Venous Thromobis
What are the triad of cardiac tamponade?
Hypotension
Jugular Venous Distention (JVD)
Distal (muffled) Heart Sounds
What are the Jane's Criteria for Endocarditis?
FROM JANE
What are the Jane's Criteria for Endocarditis?
Fever
Roth's Spots
Osler Nodules
Murmur
Janeway Lesions
Anemia
Nail Bed Hemorrhages
Emboli
Rheumatic fever?
FEVERS
Rhemuatic Fever?
FEVER
ERYTHEMA MARGINATUM
VALVULAR DAMAGE
ESR ELEVATION
RED HOT JOINTS
SUBCUTANEOUS NODULES
St. Vitus Dance (Chorea)
Aschoff Bodies
S/E Clonidine?
Dry mouth
Sedation
Rebout Hypertension
S/E Alpha-methyl dopa?
Sedation
Coombs (+)
S/E Hexamethonium?
Severe Orthostatic Hypotension
Blurred Vision
Constipation
Sexual Dysfunction
S/E Reserpine?
Sedation
Depression
Nasal Stuffiness
Diarrhea
S/E Guanethidine?
Orthrostatic Hypotension
Excercise Hypotension
Sexual Dysfunction
Diarrhea
S/E Prazosin?
Orthostatic Hypotension
Dizziness
Headache
S/E Beta-Blockers?
Impotence
Asthma
Sedation
Cardio effects
Vasodilators?
Hydralazine
Hydralazine S/E?
Lupus-Like
Nausea
Headache
Reflex Tachycardia
Angina
Salt Retention
Minoxidil S/E?
Hypertricosis
Pericardial Effusion
Agina
Salt Retention
Verapamil S/E?
Nifedidine S/E also
Dizziness
Flushing
Constipation
Nitroprusside S/E?
Cyanide Poisoning
Tx for Cianide Poisoning?
Nitrites
thiosulfate
hydroxycobalamin (B12)
ACE S/E?
CAPTOPRIL
ACE S/E?
K hyperkalemia
Cough
Angioedema
Proteinuria
Taste Changes
O hypOtension
Pregnancy problems (renal damage to fetus)
Rash
Increase Renin
Lowers ATII(AT2)
Losartan S/E?
hyperkalemia
Teratogenic (fetal renal damage)
Hydralazine MOA?
Arteriolar Vasodilation
increases cGMP ---> smooth muscle relaxation
Indications of Hydralazine?
Sever Hypertension
CHF
S/E Hydralazine?
HHIPP drug

Drug induced Lupus
SLE-Like Sx
Calcium Channel Blockers
Nifedipina, Verapamil, Dilatiazem
MOA of Ca+ ch. blockers?
They block depedent L-type Ca. ch.
reduces muscle contractility
Indication of Ca+ ch. blockers?
HTN
Angina
Arrythmia (except Nifedipine)
MOA Nitroglycerin, Isosorbide?
Decreases pre-load
Venule Dilator
increases cGMP
Clinical Use of Nitros?
Angina
Erectile Dysfunction
Pulmonary Edema
Antianginals?
Nitrates
B-blockers
Class III antiarrythmics?
Sotalol, Bretylium, Ibutilide, Amiodarone

K BISA
Class II antiarrhythmics?
si tu TIMO tiene un METRO ESMejor ATE la PROPA
Class II antiarrhytmics?
Timolol
Metropolol
Esmolol
Atenolol
Propanolol
Sotalol A/E?
Torsade De Pointes
Amiodarone A/E?
Phototoxicity (Blue spots on Skins) Smurfadarone
Pulmonary Fibrosis
Corneal Deposits
Hepatotoxicity
Hyperthyroidism
Constipation
CHF
SmurFadrOnE
Skin problems
Fibrosis
Ocular deporsits on Cornea
hEpatotoxicity
Class IV?
Calcium Channel Blocker
Class IV drugs?
Verapamil y Diltiazem
veRAPAmil dil

mil dil
Verapamil?
Constipation
Flushing
Edema
AV block
Ca+ channel blocker but used in HTN and ANgina?
Amlodipine
Long Tx of Ventricular Tachycardia (VT) w/ VERAPAMIL causes?
V-fibrillation and Death
What antiarrythmic causes Hypothyroidism or Hyperthyroidism?
Amiodarone
Before giving or when using amiodarone you must check?
PFTs
LFTs
TFTs
Pulmonary, Liver and Thryoid
Verapamil?
Constipation
Flushing
Edema
AV block
Ca+ channel blocker but used in HTN and ANgina?
Amlodipine
Long Tx of Ventricular Tachycardia (VT) w/ VERAPAMIL causes?
V-fibrillation and Death
What antiarrythmic causes Hypothyroidism or Hyperthyroidism?
Amiodarone
Before giving or when using amiodarone you must check?
PFTs
LFTs
TFTs
Pulmonary, Liver and Thryoid