Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/1264

Click to flip

1264 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
abacus
frame with balls for calculating
abate
to lessen, to subside
abdication
giving up control, authority
abdomen
stomach and bowels
aberration
straying away from what is normal
abeyance
suspended action
abhor
to hate, to detest
abide
be faithful to; endure
abjure
promise or swear to give up
abraded
rubbed off, worn away by friction
abrasion
rubbing, scraping, wearing off
abrogate
repeal or annul by authority
abscond
to go away suddenly (to avoid arrest)
abstruse
difficult to comprehend; obscure
abundant
plentiful
abut
border on
abysmal
, extreme
acarpous
effete, no longer fertile, worn out
accentuate
give more force or attention to
acclaimed
welcomed with shouts and approval
accolade
praise, approval
accretion
the growing of separate things into one
acquiesce in
agree (without protest)
acquisition
smth acquired, acquiring
adamant
kind of stone; inflexible
adhere
remain faithful, stick fast to
adhesion
adhering, support
adjacent
lying near, next
admonitory
containing warning
adorn
add beauty; decorate
adulteration
making unpure, poorer in quality
affinity
close connection, relationship
aggravate
make worse; irritate
agile
active, quick-moving
ail
trouble; be ill
alacrity
eager and cheerful readiness
alienate
estrange
allegiance
duty, support, loyalty
alleviate
make (pain) easier to bear
alloy
to debase by mixing with something inferior
aloof
reserved, indifferent
amalgamate
mix, combine, unite societies
ambidextrous
able to use the left hand or the right equally well
ambiguous
doubtful, uncertain
ambivalent
having both of two contrary meanings
ameliorate
improve, make better
amendment
improving
amicable
friendly
amortize
end (a debt) by setting aside money
amplify
make large or fuller, increase the strength
animosity
strong dislike
annul
put an end to
anticlimax
sudden fall
antidote
medicine used against a poison or a disease
antithetical
direct opposing
apartheid
brutal racial discrimination
apathetic
indifference
aplomb
self-confidence
apostate
one who abandons long-held religious or political convictions
apotheosis
deification, glorification to godliness
appease
make quiet or calm
apprehensive
grasping, understanding; fear, unhappy feeling about future
apprise
give notice to, inform
approbation
approval
appropriate
take for one's own use, acquire, set aside
apropos
appropriate to the situation; apt
apt
well-suited, quick-witted
arabesque
a complex, ornate design
arabesque
whimsical
arbitrate
decide by arbitration
arboreal
of connected with trees
ardently
with full of ardor
ardor
enthusiasm
arduous
steep, difficult ascent; laborious
argot
jargon, slang
arrant
in the highest degree
arrogance
proud, superior manner of behaviour
articulate
speak distinctly, connect by joints
ascend
go or come up
ascent
the act of ascending
ascertain
get to know
ascetic
practicing self-denial, austere, stark
ascribe
consider to be the origin of or belonging to
asperity
roughness, harshness, ill temper, irritability
aspersion
slander
assail with
attack violently
asset
valuable quality, smth that has money value
assiduous
diligent, hard-working, sedulous
assuage
make smth (pain, desire) less
assumption
smth supposed but not proved
asterisk
the mark * (e.g.. omitted letters)
astringent
substance that shrinks
astute
clever; quick at seeing to get an advantage
atonement
repayment; death of Jesus
attenuate
make thin. weaken, enervate
audacious
daring, foolishly bold, impudent
augury
omen, sign
august
majestic, venerable
auspice
protection or support, patronage
auspicious
favorable, successful, prosperous
austere
severely moral and strict; simple and plain
auxiliary
helping, supporting
aver
affirm, assert, prove, justify
aversion
strong dislike
avid
eager, greedy
avow
admit. Declare openly
baleful
harmful, ominous, causing evil
balk
obstacle; purposely to get on the way of
balloon
swell out like balloon
balm
sweet-smelling oil; consolation
banal
uninteresting
band
flat, thin strip of material; range of frequencies
bane
cause of injury, poison, source of harm
baneful
causing harm or ruin, pernicious, destructive
barrage
artificial obstacle built across a river
barren
not good enough, unable to have young ones, without value
bask in
enjoy warmth and light
bazaar
market
be irreconcilabl
e cannot be brought into harmony
beatify
to bless, make happy, or ascribe a virtue to
bedizen
to adorn, especially in a cheap, showy manner
belie
contradict, give a false impression
belittle
cause to seem unimportant
bellicose
belligerent, pugnacious, warlike
belligerent
(person, nation) waging war
belligerently
waging war
bend
cause smth to be out of a straight line
benefactor
person who has given help
benevolence
wish or activity in doing good
benign
kind and gentle; mild (climate)
bequest
arrangement to give smth at death
berate
scold sharply
bereft
rob or dispossess of smth (material)
bewilder
puzzle, confuse
biased
prejudice
bigot
stubborn, narrow-minded person
bilge
bulge, the protuberance of a cask
blandishment
flattery, coaxing
blandness
polite manner, comforting, uninteresting
blatant
noisy and rough
blithe
cheerful, casual, carefree
blithe
gay and joyous
blueprint
plan, scheme, photographic print
blunt
plain, not troubling to be polite
boggle
be alarmed, hesitate, amazed
bogus
sham, counterfeit, not genuine
boisterous
loud, noisy, rough, lacking restraint
bolster
give greatly needed support
boorish
crude, offensive, rude
braid
strands of hair woven together, smth edging sloth
brash
hasty, rush; cheeky, saucy
brass
yellow metal (mixing copper and zinc)
brazen
made of brass
breach
opening, broken place, breaking
brisk
active, lively
brisket
breast of an animal
brittle
easily broken
broach
bring up, announce, begin to talk about
brook
to tolerate, endure
buoyant
able to float; light-hearted
burgeon
grow forth, send out buds
burnish
to polish, rub to a shine
bust
run out of money
cabal
a scheme or plot, a group of plotters
cadge
to beg, to get by begging
calipers
metal supports attached to the legs, measuring instrument
calumniate
to slander, present false accusal
calumny
slander, aspersion
candid
frank, straight-forward
canvass
discuss thoroughly; sort of touting
capricious
fickle, whimsical, given to change, unpredictable
castigate
to chastise, correct by punishing
castigation
severe punishment
casual
happening by chance, careless
catalyst
substance that causes speeding up
caustic
biting, sarcastic
censure
expression of blame or disapproval; a rebuke
census
official counting of the population
centurion
leader of a unit of 100 soldiers
chary
cautious, wary
chastened
corrected, punished
chastisement
punishment
chauvinist
a blindly devoted patriot
chisel
steel tool for shaping materials
churl
bad-tempered person
cite
give as an example
clamor
shout, complain with a lot of noise
cleanse
make pure, thoroughly clean
cling to
resist separation
clot
half-solid lump formed from liquid
cloture
closing, device (in Parliament) to end a debate by voting
coalescing
coming together and uniting into one substance
coax
get smb to do smth by kindness
coddle
treat with care and tenderness
coerce
compel, to force to make obedient
coeval
of the same period, coexisting
cogent
strong, convincing
cogitate
think deeply, mediate
cognition
knowing, awareness (emotionless)
cognizant
being fully aware of
coherent
sticking together
colander
bowl-shaped vessel with many holes used to drain off water
collaborate
work in partnership
collusion
secret agreement for a deceitful purpose
combustion
process of burning
commemorate
keep the memory of
commend
praise
commendable
worthy of praise
commingle
mingle together
commuter
person who travels regularly
complacently
with self-satisfaction
complaisance
tending to comply, obliging, willingness to please
comply
act in accordance
compound
mix or combine
comprise
be composed of
compunction
feeling of regret for one's action
conceal
hide, keep secret
conceit
over-high opinion of, too much pride
conciliatory
reconciling, soothing, comforting, mollifying
concord
agreement or harmony
concur
agree in opinion, happen together
condense
increase in density, strength, make laconic
condone
forgive
congeal
make or become stiff and solid
conjoin
to join together
connoisseur
a person with good judgement (e.g.. in art)
connotation
suggestion in addition to
consent
give agreement or permission
consequential
pompous, self important
consolation
consoling or being consoled
console
give comfort or sympathy to
conspicuous
easily seen; remarkable
consternation
surprise and fear, dismay
constrict
make tight or smaller
consume
get to the end of
contemn
to scorn or despise
contentious
argumentative, pugnacious, combative, quarrelsome
contiguous
touching, neighboring, near
contrite
filled with deep sorrow for wrongdoing
contumacious
insubordinate, rebellious
conundrum
a riddle, dilemma, enigma
conviction
convincing; firm belief
convoke
call together, summon
convoluted
complicated; coiled, twisted
cord
twisted strands
cordial
warm and sincere
cordon
line (of police acting as a guard)
corporeal
physical; of or for the body
correlate
have a mutual relation
corroboration
additional, strengthening evidence
countenance
to favor or approve of
counterfeit
forgery
countervail
counterbalance
covert
disguised
covetous
eagerly desirous
cower
crouch; shrink back
craven
cowardly
crease
line made by crushing; white line on the ground in cricket
credulity
too great a readiness to believe things
credulous
ready to believe things
crush
press, lose shape, subdue, overwhelm
cryptic
secret, with a hidden meaning
cumbersome
burdensome, heavy and awkward to carry
curmudgeon
bad-tempered person
curriculum
course of study
cursory
quick, hurried
curtail
make shorter then was planned
cynic
person who see no good in anything
dart
quick movement; missile in darts
daunt
intimidate, make fearful
dawdler
person who is slow; waste of time
dearth
shortage
debacle
a breakup, overthrow, sudden disaster
decorous
polite, decent
decorum
propriety, properness
decree
order given by authority
decry
disapprove of
defer
postpone; give way (to show respect)
deference
respect
deferential
showing respect
defiance
open disobedience or resistance
deflect
turn aside
defy
resist openly
degrade
reduce in rank or status
delineate
to portray, depict, sketch out
deluge
great flood, heavy rush of water
demagogue
person appealing not to reasons
demur
to hesitate, raise objections
denigrate
blacken, belittle, sully, defame
denouement
an outcome or solution; the unraveling of a plot
denounce
give information against
dent
hollow, depression mad by a blow
deplete
use until none remains
deposition
dethronement, depositing
deprave
make morally bad; corrupt
deprecate
protest against, express disapproval of
dereliction
deserting and leaving to fall into ruins
derision
ridicule, mockery, deriding
derivative
derived, not original or primitive
derivative
unoriginal, obtained from another source
derogatory
insulting; tending to damage
descry
catch sight of, see smth in the distance
desiccant
substance used to absorb moisture
desiccate
to dry up, dehydrate
desuetude
cessation of use; disuse
desultory
aimless, haphazard, digressing at random
detach
separate
deter
discourage, hinder
detraction
slandering, verbal attack, aspersion
detumescence
diminishing or lessening of swelling
deviance
being different in moral standards (from normal)
dexterity
skill (esp. in handling)
dexterous
clever, skillful with hands
diaphanous
transparent, gauzy
diatribe
bitter and violent attack in words
dictate
order
diffidence
shyness
diffident
lacking in self-confidence
dilate
speak comprehensively, become wider, large
dilatory
causing delay, procrastinating
disabuse
to undeceive, correct a false impression
disallow
refuse to allow or accept as a correct
discern
see with an effort but clearly
discomfit
confuse, embarrass
discomfit
to defeat, put down
disconcert
upset the self-possession of
discountenance
refuse to approve of
discourse
speech, lecture,
discredit
refuse to believe
disdain
look on with contempt
disencumber
free from encumbrance
disheveled
untidy
disingenuous
sophisticated, artful, trying to deceive, cunning
disinter
dig up from the earth
dislodge
move, force from the place occupied
dismal
sad, gloomy, miserable
disparate
essentially different
dispassionate
free from passion
dissemble
speak or behave so as to hide smth (in mind)
disseminate
distribute (esp. ideas)
dissent
have a different opinion, refuse to assent
dissipation
going away, dispersing
dissolution
disintegration, looseness in morals
distinct
easily heard, seen, understood, clearly marked
distorted
pulled out of the usual shape, give a false account of
distraught
distracted, violently upset in mind
distress
great pain; cause discomfort
divergence
getting farther apart from a point
diverse
of different kinds
divestiture
taking off, getting rid of, giving up
divulge
make known smth secret
doggerel
trivial, poorly constructed verse
dogmatic
positive, certain, arbitrary, without room for discussion
dogmatism
being dogmatic
dolt
stupid fellow
dormant
in a state of inactivity but awaiting development
dote
show much fondness, center one's attention
drone
male bee, person who isn't self-employed
drowsiness
feeling sleepy, half asleep
dubious
feeling doubt
dud
no use person, smth that fails
dulcet
melodious, harmonious
dupe
cheat, make a fool of
duplicity
deliberate deception
duress
threats to compel smb
dwarf
person or smb much below the usual size
dynamo
a generator, something that produces electric current
earthenware
dishes made of baked clay
ebullience
exuberance, outburst of feeling
ebullient
overflowing with enthusiasm; showing excitement
ecumenical
representing the whole Christian world
edacious
voracious, devouring
eddy
circular or spiral movement (e.g.. of wind)
effete
infertile, worn out, weak
efficacy
production of a desired result
effluvia
outflow in a stream of particles; a noxious odor or vapor
effrontery
boldness, impudence, arrogance
egress
way out, exit
elaborate
worked out with much care in great detail
elate
stimulate
elation
high-spirits
electorate
all the electors
elegy
a lament, a melancholy composition
elicit
draw out
eloquence
fluent speaking; skillful use of language
emaciate
make thin and weak
embellish
make beautiful
embezzle
use in a wrong way for one's own benefit
emergence
emerging
emote
stir up, excite
empirical
relying on experiment
encapsulate
enclose in capsule
encomium
warm or glowing praise; eulogy, panegyric
encumbrance
burden; things that get on the way of
endearing
making dear or liked
endemic
epidemic
endemic
prevailing in a specific area
endorse
write one's name on the back of
enduring
lasting
enervate
weaken, deprive of strength, attenuate
engender
cause, produce, give rise to
engrave
impress deeply
engrossing
taken up all the time or attention; writing in large or formal
engulf
swallow up
enigma
smth that is puzzling
enmity
hatred; being an enemy
enormity
excessive wickedness; evilness
enormousness
great size
entangle
put into difficulties
entreat
ask earnestly
enzyme
catalyst
epicure
food lover, a connoisseur of food
epicurean
devoted to pleasure (sensuous enjoyment)
epistle
letter
epithet
adjective
epitome
brief summary; representative example; a typical model
equable
steady, regular
equanimity
calmness of temperament
equilibrium
state of being balanced
equipoise
equal distribution of weight; equilibrium
equivocal
having a double or doubtful meaning; suspicious
equivocate
try to deceive by equivocal language
eradicate
get rid of; pull up by the roots
erasure
erasing, removing all traces
erode
wear away, eat into
erratic
irregular in behaviour or opinion
erudite
learned, scholarly
escalate
increase, develop
esoteric
abstruse; intended only for a small circle of
espouse
marry; give one's support to
eulogy
formal praise; panegyric
euphoria
elation; state of pleasant excitement
euthanasia
easy and painless death
evaluating
finding out the value
evaporate
change into vapor, disappear, die
evince
to show clearly, to indicate
evoke
call up, bring out
evolve
unfold, develop naturally and gradually
excoriate
to flay, stip off the skin; to denounce sharply
excoriation
severe criticism
exculpate
free from blame
exculpate
to clear from a charge of guilt
exert
but forth; bring into use
exertion
instance of exerting
exhaustive
complete, thorough
exigency
emergency, an urgent situation
exonerate
free; clear
exoneration
set smb clear, free (e.g.. from blame)
exorbitant
much too high or great
expatiate
to roam, wander freely
expedient
likely to be useful for a purpose
expiation
ending; expiring
exploit
brilliant achievement; develop; use selfishly
expostulate
argue earnestly to dissuade, correct, or protest
expurgate
to remove obscenity, purify, censor
exscind
to cut out, cut away
exsert
thrust out, push forth
extant
still in existence
extensive
far-reaching
extenuate
reduce the strength of, lessen seriousness, partially excuse
extinct
no longer active
extirpate
to destroy, exterminate, cut out, exscind
extol
praise highly
extort
obtain by threats, violence
extralegal
outside the law
extricable
that can be freed
extrovert
cheerful person
exuberance
state of growing vigorously; being full of life
facetious
humorous, funny, jocular
facile
easily done
facilitate
make easy (e.g.. a process of smth)
fallacious
based on error
fallacy
false or mistaken belief
fatuous
without sense, foolish self-satisfaction
faucet
device for controlling the outflow of a liquid
fawn
young deer, try to win smb's favor
feckless
futile, irresponsible, inefficient
feckless
lacking purpose or vitality; ineffective; careless
fecund
fertile
feint
pretend
felicitous
apt; suitably expressed, well chosen, apropos
felon
person guilty of murder
ferment
substance; become excited
ferocity
savage cruelty
ferret
discover by searching; search
fertile
producing much, full of ideas
fertilize
make fertile or productive
fervid
intense, zealous
fervid
showing earnest feeling
fervor
warmth of feelings; earnestness
fetter
to shackle, put in chains
feud
bitter quarrel over a long period of time
fidelity
loyalty, accuracy
fidget
move restlessly, make nervous
figurehead
carved image on the prow of a ship
finesse
delicate way of dealing with a situation
finical
too fussy about food, clothing, etc.
finicky
finical
finite
limited, having bounds
fission
splitting or division (esp. of cells)
fixate
stare at
flamboyant
brightly colored, florid
flammable
having tendency to burst into flames
flaunting
show off complacently
flaw
crack, lessen value
flax
pale yellow (hair); a plant
fledged
able to fly, trained, experienced
fleet
number of ships, quick-moving
fleeting
passing quickly
flexibility
easily bent without braking
flinch
draw, move back, wince
florid
very much ornamented; naturally red (e.g.. of face)
floridness
ruddiness; heavily decorated; ornateness
flout
reject, mock, to go against (as in going against tradition)
fluster
make nervous or confused
foible
defect of character (a person is wrongly proud)
foil
prevent from carrying out; contrast
foment
put smth warm (to lessen the pain)
foppish
like a man who pays too much attention to his clothes
forbear
refrain from, be patient; ancestor
forbearance
patience, willingness to wait
ford
shallow place in a river (to cross)
forestall
prevent by taking action in advance, preempt
forfeit
suffer the loss of smth
forge
workshop for the shaping of metal; to shape metal; lead
forgery
counterfeit
forswear
renounce, disallow, repudiate
fortify
strengthen
fortuitous
happening by chance
foster
nurture, care for
fragile
easily injured, broken or destroyed
fragrant
sweet-smelling
franchise
special right given by authority
frantic
wildly excited with joy, pain, anxiety
frenetic
frantic, frenzied
fret
worry; irritation; wear away
friction
the rubbing of one thing against another, difference of opinion
fringe
edge; ornamental border; part of hair over the forehead
froward
intractable, not willing to yield or comply, stubborn
frugal
careful, economical
fulminate
berate, vituperate, to thunder out, to explode
fulmination
bitter protest
fulsome
disgusting, offensive due to excessiveness
gainsay
to deny, declare false, to oppose
gambol
quick, playful jumping
garment
article of clothing
garner
to gather and save; to store up
garrulity
talkativeness
garrulous
too talkative
gaucherie
socially awkward, tactless behavior
germane
relevant; pertinent to
gist
the point, general sense
glean
gather facts in small quantities
glib
ready and smooth but not sincere
gloat over
look at with selfish delight
glut
supply to much, fill to excess
gnaw
waste away; bite steadily
goad
smth urging a person to action
gossamer
soft, light, delicate material
gouge
tool for cutting grooves in wood
grace
favor
grave
serious, requiring consideration
gregarious
living in societies; liking the company
grievance
cause for complaint or protest
grievous
causing grief or pain; serious, dire, grave
grimace
twisted expression of a face
grind
crush, polish
grooves
long channel in the surface, habitual way of living
grovel
crawl, humble oneself
guile
deceit, cunning
guileless
straight-forward, candid
gull
cheat, deceive
gullible
easily gulled
gust
outburst of feeling; sudden rain, wind, fire, etc.
hack
cut roughly; hired horse
hallow
to make holy; consecrate
hamper
basket with a lid, prevent free movement or activity
hapless
unlucky, unfortunate
harangue
a long, passionate speech
harbinger
smth or smb that foretells the coming of
harrow
to distress, create stress or torment
harsh
rough, cruel, stern
haughty
arrogant; conceited
haven
harbor, safety place
heed
pay attention; notice
heinous
odious (of crime)
heresy
belief contrary to what is generally accepted
hermetic
sealed by fusion
heterogeneous
made up of different kinds
hew
make by hard work; cut (by striking)
hirsute
hairy, shaggy
hoax
mischievous trick played on smb for a joke
hoi polloi
the masses; the rabble
hollow
not soled, with hole
holster
leather case for a pistol
hone
stone used for sharpening tools
hoodwink
trick, mislead
hospitable
liking to give hospitality
hubris
arrogant pride
hurdle
light frame, fence to be jumped over
husk
worthless outside part of anything
hypocrisy
falsely making oneself appear to be good
iconoclast
person who attacks popular beliefs
iconoclastic
attacking cherished beliefs
idiosyncrasy
personal mannerism
idolatrous
worshipping idols
idolatry
excessive admiration of
idyll
a carefree episode or experience
ignoble
dishonorable, common, undignified
ignominious
shameful, dishonorable, undignified, disgraceful
illicit
unlawful, forbidden
illusory
deceptive; an illusion
imbroglio
complicated and embarrassing situation
immaculate
pure, faultless
immerse
absorb; put under the surface of
imminent
likely to come or happen soon
immutable
that cannot be changed
impair
worsen, diminish in value
impaired
damaged, weakened
impassive
unmoved; feeling no sign of passion
impecunious
having little or no money
impede
hinder; get in the way of
impediment
smth that hinders (e.g. stammer)
impending
imminent, being about to happen, expected
imperative
urgent, essential
imperious
commanding, haughty, arrogant
imperviousness
haughty, arrogant, commanding
impermeable
that cannot be permeated
imperturbable
calm; not capable of being excited
impervious
not allowing to pass through (of materials)
imperviousness
arrogance, commanding presence, overbearingness
impetuous
having sudden energy, impulsive, thrusting ahead, forceful
impiety
lack of reverence or dutifulness
implacable
incapable of being placated, unpleasable
implausibility
incredibility
implicate
show that smb has a share
implicit
implied though not plainly expressed
implosion
collapse; bursting inward
imply
make a suggestion
importune
beg urgently; solicit (of a prostitute)
imprecation
an invocation of evil; a curse
impromptu
without preparation
impudence
being rash, indiscreet
impudent
rash, indiscreet
impugned
challenged, to be doubted
impute
to attribute to a cause or source, ascribe
inadvertent
not paying proper attention
inane
silly, senseless
inasmuch
since, because
incense
make angry
incessant
often repeated, continual
inchoate
not yet fully formed, rudimentary, elementary
incise
engrave, make a cut in
incite
stir up, rouse
inclined
directing the mind in a certain direction
incoherently
not consistently, unclearly
incongruous
out of place, not in harmony or agreement
incorrigibility
cannot be cured or corrected
incredulous
skeptical, unwilling to believe
inculcate
fix firmly by repetition
incumbents
official duties
incursion
a raid, a sudden attack
indefatigability
not easily exhaustible; tirelessness
indelible
that cannot be rubbed out
indelicate
immodest; lacking in refinement
indigence
poverty
indigenous
native
indistinct
not easily heard, seen, clearly marked
indolence
laziness
indomitable
not easily discouraged or subdued
indulge
gratify, give way to, satisfy; allow oneself
indulgent
inclined to indulge
ineffable
to great to be described in words
ineluctable
certain, inevitable
inept
unskillful; said or done at the wrong time
infertile
not fertile, barren
inflame
become red, angry
inflammatory
tending to inflame
infuriate
fill with fury or rage
infuse
put, pour, fill
ingenuous
naive, young, artless, frank, honest, sincere
ingest
take in by swallowing
inherent
existing as a natural part
inhibit
hinder, restrain
inimical
harmful or friendly
inimitable
defying imitation, unmatchable
innocuous
causing no harm
inscrutable
incapable of being discovered or understood
insensible
unconscious, unresponsive, unaffected
insinuate
suggest unpleasantly; make a way for smth gently
insipid
without taste or flavor
insouciant
unconcerned, carefree
insularity
narrow-mindedness, isolated
insurrection
rising of people to open resistance to
interdict
prohibit, forbid
interim
as an installment
intersperse
place here and there
intervene
come between; interfere to change the result
intractable
unruly, refractory, stubborn
intransigence
unwillingness to compromise, stubbornness, intractability
intransigent
uncompromising
intrepid
fearless, brave, undaunted
introspection
examining one's own thoughts and feelings
inundate
flood; cover by overflowing
inured
accustomed to, adapted
invective
abusive language, curses
inveigh
to attack verbally, denounce, deprecate
inveterate
deep-rooted. long-established
involute
complex
irascible
irritable, easily angered
irate
angry
ire
anger
irksome
tiresome
irrelevant
not relevant, not connected
irresolute
hesitating; undecided
irrevocable
final and unalterable
itinerary
plan for a journey, details or records of a route
itinerate
to travel from place to place, to peregrinate
jabber
talk excitedly; utter rapidly
jeopardize
put in danger
jibe
gibe, make fun of
jocular
meant as a joke
judicious
sound in judgment; wise
knit
draw together, unite firmly
labyrinthine
to entangle the state of affairs
lachrymose
causing tears, tearful
lackluster
(of eyes) dull
laconic
brief, to the point, terse
lag
go too slow
lament
show, feel great sorrow
lassitude
weariness, tiredness
latent
present but not yet active, developed or visible
laudatory
expressing or giving praise
lavish
giving or producing freely, liberally or generously
leakage
the process of leaking
legacy
smth handed down from ancestors
libel
statement that damages reputation
liberality
free giving; generosity
libertine
immoral person
lien
legal claim until a debt on it is repaid
limn
paint, portray
limp
lacking strength, walking unevenly
lithe
bending, twisting
loll
rest, to sit or stand in a lazy way; hang (dog's tongue)
loquacious
talkative, garrulous
lubricant
substance that makes work easier
lubricate
put oil to make work easily
lubricious
lewd, wanton, greasy, slippery
lucubrate
write in scholarly fashion
luculent
easily understood, lucid, clear
lugubrious
mournful, excessively sad
lull
become quiet or less active
luminary
star, light-giving body
lustrous
being bright, polished
macabre
gruesome, suggesting death
machination
plot, scheme (esp. evil)
maladroit
tactless, clumsy
malapropism
misuse of a word (for one that resembles it)
malevolence
wishing to do evil
malign
injurious, speak ill of smb, tell lie
malinger
to fake illness or injury, in order to shirk a duty
malleable
yielding; easily shaped; moldable; adapting
manacle
chains for the hands or feet
martial
brave, of associated with war
massacre
cruel killing of a large number of people
matriculation
be admitted, enter a university as a student
mature
come to full development, to a state ready for use
maudlin
sentimental in a silly or tearful way
maverick
rebel, nonconformist
mellifluous
sweetly flowing
mendacious
FALSE
mendacity
dishonesty
mendicant
a beggar
mercurial
quick, changeable in character, fleeting
meretricious
attractive on the surface but of little value
mesmerize
hypnotize
meticulous
giving great attention to details
mettle
quality of endurance or courage
mettlesome
courageous, high-spirited
middling
fairly good but not very good
minatory
menacing, threatening
mince
pronounce or speak affectedly, euphemize
misanthrope
person who hates mankind
mischievous
harmful, causing mischief
miser
person who loves wealth and spends little
misogynist
one who hates women/females
missile
smth that is thrown or shot
mitigate
make less severe or painful
moderation
quality of being limited, not extreme
mollify
make calmer or quieter
molt
moult, lose hair, feathers before new growing
morbid
diseased, unhealthy (e.g.. about ideas)
morose
ill-tempered, unsocial
mortuary
place where dead bodies are taken to be kept until burial
multifarious
varied, motley, greatly diversified
mundane
worldly as opposed to spiritual; commonplace, everyday
myriad
very great number
nadir
lowest, weakest point
nascent
coming into existence, emerging
nebulous
cloud-like; hazy; vague; indistinct
negligent
taking too little care
neophyte
person who has been converted to a belief
nexus
a connection, tie, or link
nibble
show some inclination to accept (an offer)
nice
precise, sensitive to subtleness
noisome
offensive, disgusting (smell)
nonchalant
not having interest
nonplused
greatly surprised
nostrum
a quack remedy, an untested cure
notion
nominal, token
noxious
harmful
nullify
make void and null
numb
without ability to feel or move
numbness
without ability to move a finger
obdurate
hardened and unrepenting; stubborn, inflexible
obfuscate
to darken, make obscure, muddle
oblivious
unaware, having no memory
obloquy
abusively detractive language, sharp criticism, vituperation
obsequious
too eager to obey or serve
obsolete
no longer used
obstreperous
noisy, loud
obtain
to be established, accepted, or customary
obtrusive
projecting, prominent, undesirably noticeable
obviate
to make unnecessary, get rid of
occluded
blocked up
occult
hidden, concealed, beyond comprehension
odious
repulsive, hateful
odium
contempt, dislike, aversion
odor
smell; favor; reputation
officious
too eager or ready to help, offer advice
onerous
needing effort, burdensome
opprobrious
showing scorn or reproach
ossify
to turn to bone; to settle rigidly into an idea
ostensible
seeming, appearing as such, professed
ostentation
display to obtain admiration or envy
ostentatious
fond of showing ostentation
ostracism
shut out from society, refuse to meet, talk
ostrich
fast-running bird unable to fly
outset
start
overhaul
examine thoroughly to learn about the condition
overweening
presumptuously arrogant, overbearing, immoderate, being a jerk
overwhelm
weigh down, submerge
paean
song of praise or triumph
palate
roof of the mouth; sense of taste
palatial
magnificent
palliate
lessen the severity of
palliate
to make something appear less serious, to alleviate, to gloss over
palpability
can be felt, touched, understood
palpitate
tremble, beat rapidly and irregularly
panegyric
formal praise, eulogy
paradigm
a model, example, or pattern
parenthesis
sentence within another one, smth separated
pariah
an outcast, a rejected and despised person
parsimonious
too economical, miserly
partisan
one-sided, committed to a party, biased or prejudiced
patron
regular customer; person who gives support
paucity
scarcity, a lacking of
peccadillo
small sin; small weakness in one's character
pedantic
bookish, showing off learning
pedestrian
commonplace, trite, unremarkable
pellucid
transparent, easy to understand
penchant
strong inclination, a liking
penitent
feeling or showing regret
penury
extreme poverty
peregrination
traveling about, wandering
peremptory
urgent, imperative, unchallengeable, ending debate
perennial
lasting for a long time (e.g.. a year)
perfidious
treacherous, faithless
perfidy
treachery; breaking of faith
perfunctory
done as a duty without care
perilous
dangerous
peripatetic
wandering
perish
be destroyed; decay
perjury
willful false statement, unlawful act
permeate
spread into every part of
pernicious
harmful, injurious
perpetrate
be guilty; commit (a crime)
persevere
keep on steadily, continue
personable
pleasing in appearance, attractive
perspicacity
quick judging and understanding
pertain
belong as a part, have reference
pest
destructive thing or a person who is nuisance
petrified
taken away power (to think, feel, act)
petrify
to make hard, rocklike
petrous
like a rock, hard, stony
petulant
unreasonably impatient
philistine
a smug ignorant person; one who lacks knowledge
phlegmatic
calm, sluggish temperament; unemotional
picaresque
involving clever rogues or adventurers
pied
of mixed colors
pinch
be too tight, take between the thumb and finger
pious
dutiful to parents; devoted to religion
piquant
agreeably pungent, stimulating
pique
hurt the pride or self-respect, stir (curiosity)
pitfall
covered hole as a trap, unsuspected danger
pith
essential part, force, soft liquid substance
pivotal
of great importance (others depend on it)
placate
soothe, pacify, calm
plaintive
mournful, melancholy, sorrowful
plaque
flat metal on a wall as a memorial
platitude
a trite or banal statement; unoriginality
plea
request
plead
address a court of law as an advocate
plethora
glut
pliant
pliable, easily bent, shaped or twisted
plod
continue doing smth without resting
pluck
pull the feathers off, pick (e.g.. flowers)
plumb
get to the root of
plummet
fall, plunge, steeply
plunge
move quickly, suddenly and with force
poignant
deeply moving; keen
poise
be ready, be balanced, self-possession
polemical
controversial, argued
ponderous
heavy, bulky, dull
portent
omen; marvelous; threatening
poseur
someone taking on airs to impress others; a phony
posture
state, attitude; adopt a vain
poverty
state of being poor
pragmatic
practical, favoring utility
precarious
uncertain, risky, dangerous
precept
moral instruction
precepts
rules establishing standards of conduct
precipitate
throw smth violently down from a height
preclude
prevent, make impossible
precursory
preliminary, anticipating
predilection
special liking, mental preference
predominate
have more power than others
preempt
obtain by preemption or in advance
premature
doing or happening smth before the right time
preponderance
greatness in number, strength, weight
presage
warning sign
preternatural
not normal or usual
prevalent
common
prevaricate
to equivocate, to stray from the truth
prim
neat; formal
pristine
primitive, unspoiled, pure, as in earlier times, unadulterated
probity
uprightness, incorruptibility, principle
proclivity
inclination
procrastination
keeping on putting off
prodigal
wasteful, reckless with money
prodigious
enormous, wonderful
profane
worldly, having contem