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119 Cards in this Set

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cervic/o
cervix, neck
chori/o
chorion
Outermost layer of the 2 membranes surrounding the embryo; it is part of the placenta.
colp/o
vagina
Tube extending from the uterus to the exterior of the body.
culd/o
cul-de-sac
Region within the pelvis, midway between the rectum and the uterus.
episi/o
vulva
External genitalia of the female; includes the labia, hymen, and clitoris.
galact/o
milk
gynec/o
woman, female
hyster/o
uterus, womb
Muscular organ in which the embryo develops.
lact/o
milk
mamm/o
breast
mast/o
breast
chorion/o
chorion
Outermost layer of the 2 membranes surrounding the embryo.
men/o
menses, menstruation
metr/o
uterus
Muscular organ in which the embryo develops.
metri/o
uterus
Muscular organ in which the embryo develops.
my/o
muscle
myom/o
muscle tumor
nat/i
birth
obstetr/o
midwife
o/o
egg
oophor/o
ovary
Organs in the female lower abdomen that produces ova and hormones; female gonads.
ov/o
egg
ovari/o
ovary
Organs in the female lower abdomen that produce ova and hormones; female gonads.
ovul/o
egg
perine/o
perineum
In females, the area between the anus and the vagina.
phor/o
to bear
salping/o
fallopian tubes
Ducts through which the egg travels into the uterus.
uter/o
uterus
Muscular organ in which the embryo develops.
vagin/o
vagina
vulv/o
vulva
External genitalia of the female; includes the labia, hymen, and clitoris.
-arche
beginning
-cyesis
pregnancy
pseudocyesis - false pregnancy
-gravida
pregnancy
primigravida - first pregnancy
-parous
to bear, bring forth
-rrhea
discharge
-salpinx
uterine tube
-tocia
labor, birth
oxytocia - rapid birth
-version
act of turning
ante-
before, forward
dys-
painful
endo-
within
in-
in
intra-
within
endo-
multi-
many
nulli-
no, not, none
vol-
to roll
primi-
first
retro-
backward
HPV
human papilloma virus
CIN
cervical intraepithelial neoplasia
CIS
carcinoma in situ
Localized cancer growth.
PID
pelvic inflammatory disease
Inflammation in the pelvic region; salpingitis.
TRAM flap
trans-rectus abdominis musculocutaneous flap
SERM
selective estrogen receptor modulator
Class of drugs that functions like estrogen in some tissues, but blocks estrogen's effect in others.
kern-
nucleus (collection of nerve cells in the brain)
icterus
yellow or jaundice
LEEP
loop electrocautery excision procedure
Used to biopsy abnormal cervical tissue.
cry/o
cold
D & C
dilation and curettage
The cervical opening is widened and a scraping is performed to remove the lining of the uterus.
AFP
alpha-fetoprotein
A globulin produced by the liver & other tissues of the fetus & newborn. Its level normally declines after 1 yr of age. An elevated level of AFP in the amniotic fluid suggests the presence of a neural tube defect in the fetus.
FHR
fetal heart rate
Ultrasonography and electrocardiography are used to record this.
AB
abortion
BSE
breast self-examination
C-section
cesarean section
CVS
chorionic villus sampling
CS
cesarean section
Cx
cervix
Lower, neck-like portion of the uterus.
DCIS
ductal carcinoma in situ
A precancerous breast lesion that indicates a higher risk for invasive ductal breast cancer.
DES
diethylstilbestrol
An estrogen compound used in the treatment of menopausal problems involving estrogen deficiency.
DUB
dysfunctional uterine bleeding
ECC
endocervical curettage
EDC
estimated date of confinement
The due date or estimated calendar date when a baby will be born.
EMB
endometrial biopsy
ERT
estrogen replacement therapy
FSH
follicle-stimulating hormone
Pituitary gland hormone that stimulates the maturation of the ovum and ovulation.
G
gravida
A pregnant woman.
GYN
gynecology
HCG; hcg
human chorionic gonadotropin
Hormone tested for in the urine of women who suspect that they are pregnant.
HDN
hemolytic disease of the newborn
HPV
human papilloma virus
HSG
hysterosalpingography
Radiography of the uterus and fallopian tubes after the injection of radiopaque material.
IUD
intrauterine device
contraceptive
LAVH
laparoscopic assisted vaginal hysterectomy
LH
luteinizing hormone
Pituitary gland hormone that promotes ovulation.
LMP
last menstrual period
multip
multipara; multiparous
Woman who has given birth at least 2 times.
OB
obstetrics
OCPs
oral contraceptive pills
Ortho-Tri-Cyclen
Para 2-0-1-2
2 full-term infants, 0 preterm, 1 abortion, and 2 living children
A woman's reproductive history.
Pap smear
Papanicolaou smear
Test for cervical or vaginal cancer
Path
pathology
PMS
premenstrual syndrome
primip
primipara; primiparous
A woman who has given birth only once.
SLN biopsy
sentinel node biopsy
Blue dye or radioisotopes (or both) identifies the 1st lymph node draining the breast lymphatics.
TAH-BSO
total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
Fallopian tubes and ovaries are removed.
olig/o
scanty
cephal/o
head
-cele
hernia
-ectasis
stretching; dilation; expansion
-ectomy
removal; resection; excision
-flexion
process of bending
-genesis
producing; forming
-itis
inflammation
-gravida
pregnant woman
-pareunia
sexual intercourse
-parous
to bear, bring forth
-plasia
development; formation; growth
-ptosis
droop; sag; prolapse; fall
-rrhagia
bursting forth of blood
-rrhaphy
suture
-rrhea
flow; discharge
-salpinx
fallopian tube; oviduct
-scopy
visual examination
-stenosis
tightening; stricture
-tocia
labor; birth (condition of)
-tomy
incision; process of cutting
-tresia
opening
-version
to turn
bi-
two