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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
microscpic fiber leading from teh cell body that carries the nervous impulse along a nerve cell
axon
large, interlacing network of nerves
plexua
three protective membranes surroudnigns the brain and spinal cord
meninges
microscopic branching fiber of a nerve cell that is the first part to receive the nervous impulse
dendrite
out region of the largest part of the brain; composed of gray matter
cerebral cortex
glial cell tha transports water and salts between capillaries and nerve cells
astrocyte
glial cell that produces myelin
oligodendroglial cell
a nerve cell tha ttransmits a nervous impulse
neuron
collection of spinal nerves below the ned of the spinal cord at the level of the second lumbar certebra
cauda equina
protective fatty tissue that surrounds the axon of a nerve cell
myelin sheath
innermost meningeal membrane
pia mater
carry messages away from (efferent) the brain and spinal cord to muscles and glands
motor nerves
carry messages twoards (afferent) the brain and psinal cord from receptors
sensory nerves
grooves in the cerebral cortex
sulci
contains cerebrospinal fluid
subarachnoid space
elevations in the cerebrospinal fluid
gyri
acetycholine is an example of this chemical that is released ate end of nerve cell adn stimulates or inhibits another cell
neurotransmitter
essential cell of the nervous system; a neruon
parenchymal cell
connective and supportive (stromal) tissue
glia (neuroglia)