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87 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
collection of lymph tissue in the nasopharynx
adenoids
air sacs in the lungs
alveoli
uppermost portion of the lung
apex
lower portion of the lung
base of the lung
smallest branches of the bronchi
bronchioles
branch of the trachea that is a passageway into the air spaces of the lung
bronchus
a gas produced by body cells when oxygen and food combine
carbon dioxide
thin hairs that help clear bacteria and foreign substances from the lung
cilia
muscle separating the chest and abdomen
diaphragm
lid-like piece of cartilage that covers the larynx
epiglottis
midline region of the lung- location where bronchi, blood vessels and nerves enter and exit the lung
hilum
inspiration
breathing in
breathing out
expiration
opening to the larynx
glottis
voice box
larynx, la la la
division of the lung
lobe
region between the lungs in the chest cavity- contains trachea, heart, aorta, esophagus and bronchial tubes
mediastinum
oxygen
gas that enters into our bloodstream at the lungs
palatine tonsils
almond shaped lymphoid tissue in the oropharynx
one of the air cavities in the bones near the nose
paranasal sinus
the outer fold of the pleura lying closest to the ribs and wall of the thoracic cavity
parietal pleura
throat
pharynx
double folded membrane surrounding each lung
pleura
layer of pleura nearest the lung
visceral pleura
layer of pleura nearest the ribs
parietal pleura
space between the folds of the pleura
pleural cavity
the essential cells of the lung
pulmonary parenchyma - par- en- kym- a
windpipe
trachea
listening to sounds within the body
auscultation
tapping on a surface to determine the difference in the density of the underlying structure
percussion
scratchy sound produced by the motion of inflamed or irritated pleural surfaces rubbing against each other (bad- painful!)
pleural rub/friction rub
abnormal crackling sounds heard during inspiration when there is fluid or blood or pus in the alveoli
rales/crackles
material expelled from the chest by coughing or clearing the throat
sputum
sputum containing pus
purulent
strained - high-pitches noisy sound made on inspiration- associated with obstruction of the larynx or trachea
stridor
high pitch whistling sound
wheeze
acute viral infection - usually seen in children- signs are obstruction of larynx, barking cough and stridor
croup
acute infection of the throat and upper respiratory tract caused by diptheria bacterium
diptheria
nosebleed
epistaxis
bacterial infection of the pharynx, larynx and trachea caused by bordetella pertussis
pertussis/whooping cough
chronic inflammatory disorder characterized by airway obstruction caused by edema, broncho-constriction, and increased mucus production
asthma
chronic dilation of the bronchus resulting from infection of the lower lung
bronchiectasis
cancerous tumors arising from the bronchus
bronchogenic lung ca
two general categories of lung cancer
non-small cell lung cancer
small cell lung cancer
inflammation of the bronchi persisting over a long time
chronic bronchitis
inherited disorder of the exocrine glands resulting in thick mucous secretions
cystic fibrosis
incomplete expansion of the alveoli, collapsed, functionless airless lung
atelectasis
hyperinflation of air sacs with destruction of alveolar walls
emphysema
abnormal condition caused by dust in the lungs
pneumoconiosis
acute inflammation and infection of alveoli which fill with pus or products of the inflammatory reaction
pneumonia
inhalation of coal
anthracosis
inhalation of asbestos
asbestosis
inhalation of silicone
silicosis
exudate
fluid, blood cell and debris in the lungs
pneumonia that involves an entire lobe of the lung
lobar pneumonia
pneumonia common in infants and the elderly
bronchopneumonia
hospital acquired pneumonia
nosocomial pneumonia
swelling and fluid in the air sacs and bronchioles
pulmonary edema
clot or thrombus that lodges in the vessels of the lung
pulmonary embolism
formation of scar tissue in the connective tissue of the lungs
pulmonary fibrosis
chronic inflammatory disease of unknown cause in which small nodules or tubercles develop in lungs, lymph nodes or other organs
sarcoidosis
infectious disease caused by bacteria in the lungs or any organ of the body
tuberculosis
rare malignant tumor arising in the pleura and associated with exposure to
TB
mesolithioma
abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pleural space
pleural effusion
inflammation of the pleura
pleurisy/pleuritis
collection of air in the pleural space
pneumothorax
radiograph of the thoracic cavity
chest X-ray
computer generated X-ray images show thoracic structures in cross-section
CT scan
X-ray images taken after injecting radiopaque contrast into the pulmonary artery or R side of the heart
pulmonary angiography
magnetic waves create detailed images of the chest in frontal, lateral and cross-sectional planes
MRI
detection device records radioactivety after injection of a radioisotope or inhalation of small amount of radioactive gas
V/Q scan
fiber-optic or rigid endoscope inserted into the bronchial tubes for dx, bx or collection of specimens
bronchoscopy
placement of a tube through the mouth into the pharynx, larynx, and trachea to establish an airway
endotracheal intubation
laryngoscopy
visual examination of the voice box
removal of lung tissue obtained by bronchoscopy or thoracotomy
lung bx
an apparatus that moves air in and out of the lungs
ventilator
endoscopic visual exam in the mediastinum
mediastinoscopy
group of test that measure lung function
PFT
used to measure the volume and rate of air passing in and out of the lung
spirometer
expansion of the lung is limited by disease
restrictive lung disease
the ability of gas to diffuse across the alveolar-capillary membrane is measured by this
DLco- diffusion capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide
surgical puncture to remove fluid from the pleural space
thoracentesis
major surgical incision of the chest
thoracotomy
visual exam of the chest via small incisions and use of an endoscope
thorascopy
creating an opening into the trachea through the neck
tracheostomy
determines past or present tb infection
tuberculin test
Chest tube is passed through an opening in the skin of the chest to continuously drain a pleural effusion
tube thoracostomy