• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/60

Click to flip

60 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
LOM Chapter 7
LOM Chapter 7
arteriole
small artery
Bowman capsule
Cup-shaped capsule surrounding each glomerulus.
calyx, calix
Cup-like collecting region of the renal pelvis.
catheter
Tube for injecting or removing fluids.
cortex
Outer regions; the renal cortex is the outer region of the kidney ("cortical" means pertaining to the cortex).
creatinine
A waste product of muscle metabolism; nitrogenous waste excreted in urine.
electrolyte
A chemical that carries an electrical charge in a solution. Examples are potassium K+ and sodium Na+.
erythropoietin (EPO)
A hormone secreted by the kidney to stimulate the production of red blood cells.
filtration
Passive process whereby some substances, but not all, pass through a filter.
glomerulus
Tiny ball of capillaries in cortex of kidney.
hilum
Depression or pit in that part of an organ where blood vessels and nerves enter and leave.
kidney
One of two bean-shaped organs located behind the abdominal cavity on either side of the backbone in the lumbar region.
meatus
Opening or canal.
medulla
Inner region; the renal medulla is the inner region of the kidney.
micturation
Urination; the act of voiding.
nephron
The combination of glomerulus and renal tubule where filtration, reabsorption, and secretion take place in the kidney.
nitrogenous waste
Substance containing nitrogen and excreted in urine.
potassium (K+)
A salt (electrolyte) secreted from the bloodstream into the renal tubules to leave the body in urine.
reabsorption
In this process, the renal tubules return materials necessary to the body back into the kidney.
renal artery
Carries blood to the kidney.
renal pelvis
Central collecting region in the kidney.
renal tubule
Microscopic tube in the kidney where urine is formed after filtration.
renal vein
Carries blood away from the kidney.
renin
An enzymatic hormone synthesized, stored, and secreted by the kidney; it raises blood pressure by influencing vasoconstriction.
sodium (Na+)
A salt (electrolyte) regulated in the blood and urine by the kidneys.
trigone
Triangular area in the bladder where the ureters enter and the urethra exits.
ureter
Tube leading frome each kidney to the bladder.
urea
Major nitrogenous waste product excreted in urine.
uric acid
Nitrogenous waste excreted in the urine.
urinary bladder
Sac that holds urine.
urination
Process of expelling urine; also called micturation.
voiding
Emptying of urine from the urinary bladder; urination or micturation.
cali/o
calyx
calic/o
calyx
cyst/o
urinary bladder
glomerul/o
glomerulus (collection of capillaries)
meat/o
meatus
nephr/o
kidney
pyel/o
renal pelvis
ren/o
kidney
trigon/o
trigone (region of the bladder)
ureter/o
ureter
urethr/o
urethra
vesic/o
urinary bladder
albumin/o
albuimin (a protein in the blood)
azot/o
nitrogen
bacteri/o
bacteria
dips/o
thirst
ket/o
ketone bodies (ketoacids and acetone)
keton/o
ketone bodies (ketoacids and acetone)
lith/o
stone
noct/i
night
olig/o
scanty
-poietin
substance that forms
py/o
pus
-tripsy
to crush
ur/o
urine (urea)
urin/o
urine
puria
urination, urine condition