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17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Functions of the liver:
Metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, protein
-stores glucose as glycogen
-site of gluconeogenesis
-makes plasma proteins such as albumin and clotting factors
-uses nitrogen to form nonessential amino acids
-forms cholesterol, aids in fat metabolism which is an alternate form of energy

Produces bile salts which are necessary for the absorption of fat, and fat soluble vitamins (vitamin K)

Metabolizes bilirubin from the unconjugated to the conjugated form so that it can be excreted

Stores vitamins and minerals

Blood reservoir

Metabolizes most drugs

Aids in the removal of ammonia

Inactivate many steroid hormones produced by the body such as estrogen, progesterone, testosterone, aldosterone, and corticosteroids

With age, the liver loses some of its function especially with drug metabolism
Serum albumin will be increased or decreased in liver disease?
Which enzyme is specific for liver?
PT/PTT, INR will be increased or decreased in liver disease?
Serum ammonia will be increased or decreased in liver disease?
Risk factors for hepatitis ____ includes homosexual men, foreign travel, IVDU, contact with children.
There is no chronic carrier state and usually no liver damage in hepatitis ____.
2 vaccines for hepatitis A?
Havrix, Vaqta
Risk factors for hepatitis B?
IVDU, sexually active, infants born to infected women, tattoos
Risk factors for becoming a chronic carrier for hepatitis B?
children, steroid dependent, male, high viral load
Chronic carriers with active hepatitis B can be treated with ____ and ____.
interferon, lamivudine (3TC, Epivir)
Check all pregnant women for hepatitis ____ surface antigen so infant can be treated.
In hepatitis ____ there is no protective antibody response (like HIV).
Treatment for hepatitis B includes ____ and ____.
Ribavarin (Rebetol, Copegus)
2 side effects of Ribavarin?
hemolytic anemia (look for pallor, activity intolerance, tachycardia)

Patients with cirrhosis develop ____ which may cause esophageal varices.
portal hypertension
Pancreatitis most often presents as pain referred to the ____.