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47 Cards in this Set

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What are the values of poetry for children?
share feeling, experiences adn visions
new understanding
play with words
see power of words
enjoyment
knowledge of concepts
appreciate language/expand vocab.
insight on self and others
What is poetry?
importance of original combination of words, distinctive sound, emotional impact
What are characteristics of poems that children prefer?
contemporary
familiar and enjoyable experiences
stories or strong elements of humor
rhythm and rhyme
no complex imagery or implied emotion
What is a criteria for seeking poetry?
capacity to grow/unfold
What is rhythm?
flow, movement of words
to increase enjoyment
highlight/emphasize specific words
dramatic effect
to suggest a mood
Rhyme or other sound patterns?
to emphasize sound
alliteration
assonance
onomatopoeia
Repetition
to enrich or emphasize words, phrases, lines, or whole verses
Imagery
encourages children to see, hear, feel, taste, smell and touch
figurative language
Shape
words placed in ways to supplement meaning and create greater visual impact
Lyric
brief and discontinuous, emphasizing sound and picture imagery rather than narrative or dramatic movement
narrative
poem that tells a story
ballad
form of narrative folk song
limerick
short, witty poem
Edward Lear
lines 1-2-5 rhyme with 3 pronounced beats
lines 3-4 rhyme with 2 pronounced beats
concrete poems
emphasizes meaning by shaping into form of a picture
haiku
Japanese nature poem
brevity, spontaneity, imagery
5-7-5
nursery rhymes, nonsense adn humor
absurd or no meaning at all
Edward Lear, Shel Silverstien
nature poems
reverence/respect
Robert Frost
characters, situations and locations
familiar experiences
moods and feelings
love, friendship, loss
animals
Eric Carle
T.S. Elliot
Listening to poetry
practice, read naturally
moods and feelings
love, friendship, loss
Langston Hughes
moving to poetry
encourage physical response
dramatizing poetry
encouragement to identify with characters and situations
refrain arrangement
1 reads/recites body of poem
others respond in unison
line arrangement
line by line, one person or group
aniphonal/dialouge
alternate speaking voices
cumulative arrangment
crescendo, build to climax
unison arrangement
entire group speaks together
motivations
ongoing activities
every day experiences
new, adult-introduced experiences
oral exchange of ideas
questions/answers to extend stimulation
brainstorming
transcription
individual dictation
teacher interaction
adult assistance when required
revision/editing through small group/teacher interaction
sharing
reading to group
audience development
permanent collections
poetry extensions
post-transcription
permanent writing folders
writing conferences
modeling of writing process
Why should reading and literature programs for children include literature by and about members of all cultural groups?
appropriate for building respect across cultures, sharpening sensitivity toward the common features of all individuals, and improving the self-esteem of people who are members of racial and ethnic minority groups
How can multicultural literature programs be accomplished?
through preservice or in-service education of teachers and librarians
What is multicultural literature?
literature that focuses on people of color, on religioius minorities, on regional cultures, on the disabled adn on the aged
What main groups of people do multicultural books include?
African Americans, Native Americans, Latino Americans and Asian Americans
How does literature affect children from racial or minority groups?
culutral heritage of which they can be proud
culture has made important contributions
improve self-concept and develop cultural identity
Majority?
respect values and contribution of minority
broaden understanding of history, geography and natural history
understanding of social change
How do some authors perpetuate racism and stereotypes in their writings?
illustrations, themes, characterizations, and language
African Americans
not physically attractive
musical
combine religious with superstitious
required to select life goals that benefit black people
dependant upon white people
Native Americans
savage, depraved and cruel
noble, proud, silent and close to nature
inferior, childlike and helpless
Hispanic Americans
poverty
learn English, problems solved
Asian Americans
look alike
quaint communities
cling to old customs
success by assimilation
Five criteria fro evaluating literature to make sure it portrays the culture in a fair manner
authentic setting
culture accurately portrayed
characters as individuals
physical diversity
solve problems without white intervention
What can you do to encourage appreciation of multicultural literature?
point out similarities
read them
explore
encourage