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43 Cards in this Set

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fiction
a narrative drawn from the imagination
nonfiction
prose writing based on fact
major character
a character that is absolutely critical in order for the plot to continue
minor character
not critical to the story, used to enhance main character
direct
being told directly by narrator about the character
indirect
how people react to the character, how he/she acts (infer)
round
complex character, mult-facet
flat
one dimensional character (all-bad, all-good)
dynamic
a character who is modified by actions, experiences, and one objective of the work in which the character appears to reveal the consequences of those actions
static
a character who changes little, if at all. Things happen to such a character without things happen within
antagonist
the character or the face that is trying to keep the protagonist from acheiving his goal
protagonist
a character (main character) or face who is trying to acheive a goal
exposition
the introductory material that creates tone, gives the setting, introduces the characters, and supplies other facts necessary to understanding
complication
the point of the plot where problem occurs
climax
the highest point of tension; resolution of conflict
denouement
tying up all the loose ends
conflict
a struggle between 2 opposing forces in a piece of literature;
-internal: man vs. himself
external: man, nature society, machine, supernatural
flashback
a device by which a work presents material that occurred prior to the opening scene of the work. Various methods may be used, among them recollections of characters, narration by characters, dream sequences, and reveries.
foreshadowing
events that hint at the future
point of view
the perspective from which the author presents a story
omniscient
3rd person narration in which the narrator is capable of knowing, seeing, and telling all
limited omniscient
3rd person narration in which the narrator knows usually only 1 character
first person
told by character in story
major
protagonist is telling the story
minor
narrator is 1st person, but not a main character but is close companion of main character
objective
3rd person we the reader are unaware of the thoughts and feelings of characters in the work
symbolism
the use of 1 object to represent or suggest another.
Or in literature: the extensive use of symbols
theme
in poetry, fiction, or drama it is the abstract concept that is made concrete through representation in person, action, and image. No proper theme is simply a subject or an activity
irony
reality different from appearence
situational irony
event that contradicts thhe expectations of characters, reader, or audience
dramatic irony
words or acts of a character that may carry a meaning unperceived by the character but understood by the audience
verbal irony
in which the actual intent is expressed in words that carry the opposite meaning
foil
a character who is presented as a contrast to a 2nd character so as to point or to show advantage some sort of aspect of the 2nd character
allusion
an implied or indirect reference to a person, event, thing, or text
motif
recurring thematic element, especially dominent or central
paradox
an apparently self-contradictory statement where the underlying meaning of which is revealed only through careful scrutiny. It provokes free though, arrests attention. EX) all animals are created equal, some animals are more equal than others
antithesis
rhetorical device in which irreconcilable opposites are placed in sharp juxaposition and sustained tension EX) they promised freedom and provided slavery EX) fair is foul, foul is fair
epiphany
a realization, manifestation of the meaning of something
epigraph
quotation set at the beginning of work or division of work to suggest its theme
oxymoron
two words juxaposed with opposite meaning EX) jumbo shrimp
figurative language
a form of expression used to convey meaning, or heightened effect. This is done by comparing or identifying one thing to another. Reader knows one of the other things
hyperbole
exaggeration for the sake of emphasis
litotes
a form of understatement in which a thing is affirmed by stating the negative of its opposite