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116 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is Art?
A human agent's exercise of will over the things of nature in which skill or technique combine with the creative imagination in the production of aesthetic artifacts.
A work of dramatic literature designed for performance in a theatre.
An author of plays.
Major division in the action of a play; often signaled by the dropping of the curtain.
Division within an act, usually indicated by change of setting or entrance of new character.
A speech in a play in which a character alone on stage speaks their thoughts out loud.
Words spoken by a character with other characters on the stage, but directed to the audience.
Play intended to be read.
Closet Drama
Dramatize stories from the Bible.
Mystery Play
Based on the lives of saints.
Miracle Play
Allegorical stories in which virtues and vices are personified to teach humanity how to attain salvation...
Morality Play
Confronts a social issue
Problem Play
A literary work, esp. a play, that recounts the downfall of an individual.
It can be anything from an actual character flaw, to a character's miscalculation or mistake.
Excessive ambition, arrogance, and/or great pride.
A reversal in the action. It can be as simple as a loss of fortune, or as complex as the gradual rise and fall of a character.
A recognition or discovery, esp. in tragedy.
A purging. Where tragedy arouses fear and pity, and then purges us of them.
A work intended to interest, involve, and amuse the reader or audience, in which no terrible disaster occurs and that ends happily for the main characters.
Refers to verbal wit, such as puns
High Comedy
generally associated with physical action and is less intellectual
Low Comedy
involves a love affair that meets with various obstacles but overcomes them to end in a blissful union
Romantic Comedy
A story; a sequence of events, actual or fictional, in prose or verse. Purpose is to entertain and instruct.
One who tells a narrative
An account of actions in a time sequence.
A fictional narrative in prose, rarely longer than 30 pages.
Short Story
Long narrative prose fiction
Mid-size narrative prose fiction
Narrative writing drawn from the imagination of the author
Four key elements of fiction
setting, plot, characterization, theme
difference between plot and story
a plot is the author's particular arrangement of the episodes of a narrative, while a story is the episodes in their chronological order
a person in a literary work
central character in a literary work
character or force that opposes the protagonist
A protagonist who we are unsympathetic with because he or she is dishonorable, graceless, etc.
the introductory material that creates the tone (setting, introduces chars, background)
Something in the narrative that begins to introduce the conflict and sets the rising action in motion
Inciting Action or Exciting Force
The sequence of complication and conflict that leads to the crisis of a narrative
Rising Action
An entanglement in a narrative that leads to a conflict
A struggle between a character and some obstacle
high point in a conflict
that point at which the situation of the protagonist is certain either to improve or worsen (no going back now)
Turning Point
the sequence of actions leading to the resolution of the story
Falling Action
the culmination of a conflict
the unwinding of the conflict at the end of the narrative
Resolution or Denouement
scene that breaks from the narrative in order to inform the audience about events that took place before the opening scene of a work
beginning a story in the middle of the action
in media res
the process an author uses to create and develop a character in a literary work
character is one dimensional and can usually be identified through one/two character traits
Flat Character
character that does not change
Static Character
character is multi-dimensional
Round Character
character changes over the course of the work
Dynamic Character
grounds or reasons for a character's actions
A characters actions to be believable must be two things
plausible and consistent
A character whose behavior and values contrast with those of another character
time, place, and social environment of a story. the background against which the action of a narrative takes place
the perspective from which a story is told
Point of View
A third person narrator who knows the thoughts of all the characters
Omniscient Narrator
Two types of Omniscient Narrator
editorial and neutral
A third-person narrator who has limited access to the thoughts of the characters in the work. Generally only inside one mind.
Limited Omniscient Narrator
the reader can accept without question the statements of fact and judgements made by the narrator
Reliable Narrator
narrator's statements are subject to doubt
Unreliable Narrator
the presentation of a character's flow of thought
Stream of Consciousness
a work in which concrete elements in a narrative stand for abstract principles, usually in an unambiguous one-to-one relationship
an element in a narrative that stands for or suggests something else
a figure of speech in which one refers indirectly to a historical or literary figure, event, or object
the expression of an idea in language that offers more than one meaning and leaves uncertainty as to the intended significance of the statement
what the literary work is about; the underlying idea of the work; the central meaning or dominant idea in a literary work
relatively short poem, strongly marked by imagination, melody, and emotion
Lyric Poem
a nondramatic poem that tells a story, such as epic poems and ballads
Narrative Poem
2 types of Narrative Poem
Epic and Ballad
a poem employing dramatic form or some element of dramatic technique, including dialogue, etc
Dramatic Poem
the persona created by the autor who speaks the poem
Speaking Voice
a poem spoken entirely by one character but addressed to one or more other characters whose presence is strongly felt
Dramatic Monologue
the choice of vocabulary and sentence structure
the pervading attitude as perceived by the reader
Denotative v. Connotative
Denotative is the dictionary meaning while Connotative is the meaning we associate with the word
whatever in the poem appeals to our senses
two items from different classes are explicitly compared by a connective word
a direct comparison that doesn't use a connective word
in which a word or phrase stands not for itself but for something closely related
in which the whole stands for a part or a part stands for the whole
attributing human characteristics to animals, abstractions, or inanimate objects
an address to an absent or inanimate figure as though it could listen
exaggeration or overstatement
an apparently self-contradictory statement
two contradictory words are used together
symbol that crosses cultural boundaries
Natural Symbol
A symbol that a group of people agree to allow to stand for something else
Conventional Symbol
symbol aquires its symbolic meaning from the context in which it appears
Literary or Contextual Symbol
a form of irony in which what is stated is to some degree negated by what is suggested
Verbal Irony
a contrast between what the audience knows and what the character knows
Dramatic Irony
there is a difference between what actually happens and what was expected
Irony of Situation
when a writer used god, destiny, or fate to dash the hopes and expectations of a character or of humankind in general
Cosmic Irony
Six Basic Metrical Feet
two lines that rhyme, usually with the same meter, not separated by a space
couplets of rhymed iambic pentameter
Heroic Couplet
a lyric poem that sets forth a poet's meditations upon death
a lyric poem that exalts someone or something
a 14 line poem with a regular rhyme scheme
Sonnet (octave and sestet - abbaabba cdecde or cdcdcd)
Petrarchan Sonnet
Sonnet (abab cdcd efef gg)
lines of poetry freed from any regular meter, form and/or rhyme scheme
Free Verse
a pattern of stressed sounds in poetry
the study of the principles of verse structure, including meter, rhyme, and other sound effects, and stanzaic patterns
tells you the meter
a slight pause within a line
concludes with a distinct syntactical pause
End-stopped Line
running-on of a line of poetry
Repetition of the identical or similar stressed sounds
differing consonant sounds are followed by identical stressed vowel sounds
Perfect or Exact Rhyme
only the final consonant sounds of the words are identical
the repetition of initial sounds or of consonants
the repetition of identical vowel sounds preceded and followed by differing consonant sounds
the repetition of identical consonant sounds and differing vowel sounds in words of proximity
words that imitate sounds