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83 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
repetition of consonant sounds in words that are close together.
Alliteration
reference to a statement, person, place, event, from lit, history, religion, pop culture, ect.
Allusion
character who presents an obstacle to the protagonist or who is involved in the most important conflict with the protagonist.
Antagonist
word spoken by a character in a play to the audience or to another character (words, which supposedly, are not overheard by the others on the stage).
Aside
repetition of vowel sounds in words.
Assonance
unrhymed iambic pentameter.
Blank Verse
emotional release brings renewal of the self or welcome relief from anxiety, tension, ect.
Catharsis
a person in a story.
Character
realistic character that has different character traits; fully developed; three-dimensional.
Round
character that, having only one or two traits, is easily described and one-dimensional.
Flat
character who remains the same or changes very little from beginning to end.
Static
character who changes in some important way as a result of what happens in the story.
Dynamic
how we know a character (what the narrator tells, char's speech/thought, char's actions/behaviors, other character's reactions).
Characterization
author explains directly what the character is like (kind, evil, ect.).
Direct
author shows what the character is like by presenting the character's manner of speech, actions, dress (appearance), by indication what others think or say about the character and by revealing what the character himself or herself thinks.
Indirect
significant and exciting moments, turning points, decisions are made.
Climactic Moments
story that ends happily (trad.w/a marriage).
Comedy
struggle or clash between opposing characters or forces.
Conflict
char vs. char; char vs. society; char vs. nature/environment; char vs. MST(machine science technology).
External
char vs. self.
Internal
repetition of consonant sounds in middle or end of words (at beginning would be alliteration).
Consonance
two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme.
Couplet
Untying the knot of complications; part of plot when the story's problems are resolved.
Denouement
lines of a conversation or speech included in a literary work.
Dialogue
story written to be acted out in front of an audience.
Drama
long poem relating deeds of a larger-than-life hero who embodies values of his society.
Epic
short piece of nonfiction prose that examines a single subject.
Essay
first part of fiction; introduces or exposes characters, setting and situation.
Exposition (in plot)
complications and conflicts are diminishing; leads to the resolution.
Falling Action
literary work (story, novel, play) portraying imaginary characters and events.
Fiction
clues which hint at events to come in a play or story.
Foreshadowing
writing that presents mannerisms, dress, speech, customs of paricular geographical region.
Local Color
kind of literature/type of literature (poetry, drama, fiction, other.)
Genre
arrogance; excessive self-pride and self-confidence, especially in reference to Greek tragic heroes whose pride led them to ignore warnings from the gods and thus invite catastrophe.
Hubris
line of poetry that contains five iambs (units of an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed one, as in the word, arise).
Iambic Pentameter
language that appeals to any of the senses.
Imagery
the point in a story, play, ect., when conflict is introduced or initiated.
Initial or Inciting Incident
a contrast or discrepancy between expectation and reality.
Irony
words simply the opposite of what they literally mean.
Verbal Irony
outcome of events or the state of affairs is the opposite of what one would expect.
Situational Irony
the reader perceives something significant that the character misses.
Dramatic Irony
figure of speech that compares two unlike things directly in which one thing becomes another thing (or is another thing) without the use of comparing words (ex., like, as, than, or resembles).
Metaphor
regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in poetry.
Meter
extended speech given by one speaker w/ other chars. present and listening (see soliloquy).
Monologue
atmosphere; feeling created in the reader by a literary work or passage.
Mood
story involving fantasy to express ideas avout life not easily expressed in realistic terms.
Myth
one who tells a story
Narrator
prose writing that deals with real people, events and places.
Nonfiction
long fiction, uses all elements of storytelling (plot, character, setting, point of view, theme, other).
Novel
use of a word whose sound imitates or suggestsits meaning (e.g., fizz, crackle).
Onomatopoeia
a statement that appears contradictory but which may be shown to contain a truth
Paradox
a metaphor in which a non-human thing or quality is talked about as if it were human.
Personification
the series of related events that make up a story.
Plot
the vantage point from which the writer has chosen to tell the story.
Point of View (P.O.V)
one of the characters tells the story ("I")
1st Person Narrator
narrator (NOT a character) focuses on thoughts/feelings of one character.
3rd Person Limited
the narrator knows everything about the characters and various situations.
3rd Omniscient
the main character, the one who drives the action.
Protagonist
literary expression not marked by rhyme or metrical regularity. Opposite of verse.
Prose
the final part of the story (see denouement)
Resolution
generally, sounds repeated through stressed syllables (exception: see eye rhyme).
Rhyme
repetition of accented vowel sounds and all sounds following them in words that are close together in a poem.
Exact
words that repeat some sounds but do not have exact rhyme
Slant/Half/Approximate
rhyme inside (within) a line of poetry, rather than at the end of the line
Internal
words creating visual alikeness without sounding at all alike(as in "cough" and " through"
Eye
the pattern of rhymes in a poem. to indicate the rhyme scheme of a poem, we use a separate letter of the alphabet for each rhyme.
Rhyme Scheme
device producedby repetition of stressed & unstressed syllavles or other sound patterns.
Rhythm
complications are developing; conflict intesifies, leading to the climax
Rising Action
writing which ridicules society, a group, a social institution, etc., in order to reveal a weakness.
Satire
fiction of a highly imaginative or fantastic kind generally involving some actual or projected scientific phenomenon.
Science Fiction
feeling of growing uncertainty about outcome of events (what will happen next).
Suspense
time,place, and mood of a story or play
Setting
makes a comparison between unlike things, using comparing terms (ex.like,as,resembles,than).
Simile
an extended comparison that explains heroic or epic events in terms of everyday happenings.
Simile (Homeric/Heroic)
an unusually long speech in which a character on stage alone expresses his or her thoughts
Soliloquy
14 lines of iambic pentameter w/ a set rhyme scheme: shadespearean: three quatrains and one couplet/reversal/comment); Petrarchan:8/6 thesis/antithesis
Sonnet
in a poem, a group of consecutive lines that form a single unit
Stanza
a person, place, thing or event that stands for itself and for something beyond itself.
Symbol
the central ideas of a literary work; themes are often universal
Theme
The author's attitude toward his or her subject, character or audience
Tone
literature depicting serious events; main character comes to an unhappy end, usu. death.
Tragedy
Character's sudden insight to a conflict or situation.
Epiphany
assumption reader can make about a characer is some way.
Inference