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80 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Allegory
A story illustrating an idea or moral principle in which objects take on symbolic meaning
Alliteration
A repition of initial sounds
Allusion
a reference in one work alluding to something in another
Ambiguity
a statement which can be interpreted in different ways
Anastrophe
reversal of the normal order of words
Antagonist
person or force opposing protagonist
Antiphrasis
use of a word in a sense opposite to its normal sense (bald man called "curly" or tall man called "tiny")
Apostrophe
speaker speaks directly to something inanimate
Assonance
repitition of vowel sounds
Atmosphere
particular environment or surrounding influence
bildungsroman
work that catalogues the development of a character from childhood to maturity
blank verse
poem written in unrhymed iamib pentameter
cacophony
unpleasant combination of sounds (usually consonant)
caesura
pause within line
catalexis
a line that is metrically incomplete, typically at the end
conceit
an elaborate comparison
connotation
the meaning of a word carrying emotional, historical, or social implications as well
consonance
the repition of consonant sounds
convention
accepted norms of any aspect
counterplot
series of storylines being continued simultaneously
couplet
stanza of two lines, usually rhyming
denotation
literal meaning out of dictionary
diction
word choice
doppelganger
a character is divided into two contrasting characters that represent parts of a whole
double entendre
device employing ambiguity to carry a separate (usually sexual) connotation
endstop
a logical or rhetorical pause at the end
enjambment
meaning carried over two lines
epic
retelling of a hero's deeds; long-winded (the Illiad, Odyssey...)
epiphany
a sudden and deep understanding or enlightenment
euphony
pleasant sounds (typically assonance)
existentialism
philosophical movement- stresses that individual must create meaning in meaningless universe
expressionism
artistic movement- to portray inner emotional state of creator
foil
character that is contrasted to another character by comparison
format
physical form of the work (margins, spacing, size)
free verse
unrhymed, unrhythmed poetry
Freytag's Pyramid
five parts of drama: exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, denouement or catastrophe
Heroic couplet
a series of syllables as stressed then unstressed
hyperbole
exaggeration
iamb
syllables as unstressed then stressed
imagery
kinesthetic, olfactory, gustatory, visual, auditory,
internal monologue
a character thinking to himself
internal rhyme
rhyme within a line
irony
Three kinds of irony: verbal- says one thing and means another. dramatic- audience knows and characters don't. situational- ironic conclusion
leitmotif
a basic recurring element
litotes
inverse hyperbole (tis but a flesh wound)
lyric
short poem of songlike quality
lyricism
intense personal quality
metaphor
comparison without use of "like" or "as"
metonymy
an object representing something else (crown for royalty)
montage
collage of images to create a whole image of significance
mood
atmosphere or feeling created by diction and tone
motif
recurring thematic element
nihilism
philosophical ideaology- there is no underlying meaning or truth; existence is pointless
ode
poem in praise of something
onomatopoeia
word that imitates sound it represents
oxymoron
jumbo shrimp
paradox
oxymoron that reveals a sort of truth: less is more
parody
work that mimics and mocks another work
partial rhyme
sounds are similar but not identical
personification
giving voice to unhuman things
prose
normal speech or writing
pun
play on words: "i do it for the pun of it"
refrain/repetend
repeated lines (chorus in music)
rhyme scheme
framework of rhyme pattern
rhythm
sequences of stressed and unstressed syllables
satire
used to ridicule human vice or weakness commonly with the intent of correcting it
setting
time, place, surroundings
simile
comparison using like or as
soliloquy
character speaks his thoughts aloud to audience
sonnet
fourteen lines of fixed rhyme scheme
spondee
metrical patterm of two succesive stressed syllables
stanza
unified group of lines in a poem
style
characteristic qualities of an author or genre
surrealism
artistic movement- expression of the unconscious
symbol
use of an object to represent more than its literal meaning
synecdoche
a part representing a whole (all hands on deck)
syntax
specific grammatical arrangement of words
theme
general idea conveyed in a work
tone
attitude writer encourages on the reader: serious, humorous, excited, suspenseful, melancholy
understatement
statement that lessens the importance of what is being said