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56 Cards in this Set

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A story in verse of prose in which a characters actions or setting represent abstract ideas or moral qualities. A story with 2 meanings
Allegory
She was no Scrooge, since she rarely bought anything except what was necessary - reference to a person, place, event, or literary work the author expects the reader to recognize
Allusion
Still she sits there, correcting, clicking, clacking, and cursing as time courses on the clock - repetition of initial constant sounds
Alliteration
comparison between 2 things to show similarities between them
Analogy
the repetition of the same word or group of words at the beginning of several consecutive sentences or verses to emphasize an image or a concept. (ie Mad world! Mad Kings! Mad Composition)
Anaphora
A very short story told to make a point - often a joke
Anecdote
The balancing of 2 contrasting ideas (used in a balanced sentence)
Antithesis
a concise, pointed statement expressing a wise or clever observation about life
Aphorism
The little boy looked to the stars and asked them why they shinned - an absent of undead person, or something nonhuman is addressed directly
Apostrophe
He was a very hIgh flIer - repetition of a vowel sound in the middle of a word
Assonance
The gloomy, dark, ominous tree sat in the middle of the deserted, grey, desolate field. - feeling in a literary work
Atmosphere
I wrote this about my life.
Autobiography
wrote this about someone else’s life
Biography
A metaphor that makes a comparison between 2 startlingly different things
Conceit
all emotions and associations with a word or phrase (ie. Shroud: death, gloom, darkness)
Connotation
And aLL air a soLemn stiLLness hoLds - repetition of constant sounds in the middle of a word
Consonance
the literal dictionary meaning (ie. Shroud: cloth used for burial purposes)
Denotation
a writer's word choice for effectiveness, clarity, and precision
Diction
teaching some moral lesson
didactic
Poem of mourning over the death of someone, beauty, or the nature of death
Elegy
"Beowulf" - a long narrative poem telling a story about a hero
Epic
A short, witty, pointed statement often in a form of poetry
Epigram
piece of prose writing (usually short) that deals with a subject in a limited way
Essay
an expression intended by the speaker to be less offensive to the reader
Euphemism
She pushed me so hard I almost fell flat on my face and died
Exaggeration
a tale illustrating moral principle (HINT: Latin for example)
Exemplum
writing intended to present information
exposition
language not meaning to be taken in a literal sense
Figurative Language
A picture is worth a 1000 words
Figure of speech
figure of speech using exaggeration on an overstressed special effect
Hyperbole
A poetic FOOT consisting of an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed one
IAMB
a poetic line consisting of 5 verse FEET with each IAMB
Iambic Pentameter
words or phrases that paint a picture in the readers mind
Imagery
A contrast and incongruity between what is stated and what is really meant
Irony
an act or instance of placing two things close together or side by side. Is done to compare and contrast the two in order to show similarities or differences
Juxtaposition
Old English Poetry, an elaborate phrase that describes a persons things, or event in a metaphorical way
Kenning
a figure of speech in which the speaker emphasizes the magnitude of a statement by denying its opposite
Litotes
A figure of speech that makes a comparison between 2 things without using like or as
Metaphor
a generally regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in poetry
Meter
a figure of speech in which a part of a thing or something closely associated with it is used to stand for or suggest the thing itself
Metonymy
a kind of writing or speaking that tells a story
Narration
the use of a word whose sound in some degree imitates or suggests its meaning (ie. Cuckoo, owl, hiss, clang)
Onomatopoeia
a figure of speech that combines opposite or contradictory ideas or terms
Oxymoron
statement reveals a truth through seemingly contradicting itself
Paradox
phrases, clauses, sentences in a similar structure or meaning
Parallelism
humorous imitation of a work of literature, art, or music
Parody
arouses feelings of pity, sorrow, or compassion for a character
Pathos
giving an imamate object human traits or actions
Personification
intended to make an audience adopt a certain opinion
Persuasion
play on words
Pun
sneering, jesting, or mocking a person, situation or thing.
Sarcasm
writing the ridicules wrong doings
Style/author’s characteristics of their writing determined by (but not limited to) word choice, syntax, and senteence structure.
Satire
A metaphor by which an inclusive term stands for something included, or vice versa
Synecdoche
(ie. the police knocked down my door — whole (the police) for part (some police officers)
general idea or insight about life that a writer wishes to be expressed acording to the plot, setting, characterzation, and figurative language
Theme
attitude the writer has towards his subject characterzation, and audience
Tone
is a form of intellectual humor, based on manipulation of concepts
Wit