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59 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
allegory
a description or narrative that has a second meaning beneath the surface one.
allusion
a reference to something in previous history/literature.
antihero
a protagonist lacking qualities of a traditional hero, lacking character.
character
people involved in a story, the moral qualities/traits of a character.
dynamic character
a character that undergoes and change and achieves growth.
flat character
a character summed up in 1 or 2 traits
foil character
a minor character whose actions parallel those of a major character and through contrast gives the reader a fuller understanding of the main character.
round character
a complex/many-sided character.
static character
a character who remains the same throughout the story.
stock character
a stereotyped character, is familiar as a type in other works.
climax
the turning point/high point in a story in which a character makes a decision or comes to an understanding, changing the rest of the story.
comedy
has a happy ending while emphasizing human limitations instead of greatness.
conflict
a clash within a story that may be external of internal.
connotation
what a word suggests beyond its literal meaning
denotation
the dictionary meaning of a word.
diction
word choice
epiphany
a moment of insight/understanding that greatly alters the character's attitude/life.
fantasy
a kind of fiction that pictures creatures or events beyond reality.
figurative language
language that employs figures of speech, can't be taken seriously.
figure of speech
a way of saying something other than in an ordinary way; an imaginative comparison.
hero
protagonist of story w/ qualities of bravery, skill, etc.
hyperbole
overstatement for emphasis.
imagery
representation through sense experience.
in medias res
when a story begins in the middle of things.
irony
a situation or use of langugae involving an incongruity
verbal irony
irony in which what is said is the opposite of what is meant.
dramatic irony
irony when there is an discrepancy between what a character perceives and what the auhot intends the reader to perceive.
situational irony
irony in which there is a situation with an incongruity between appearance and reality or between the actual situation and what seems appropriate.
metaphor
a comparison of 2 unlike things.
motivation
incentives which cause a character to act the way he does.
paradox
a statement/situation which contains contradictory elements but yields some truth.
plot
arrangment of events in a story.
exposition
the opening of a story that sets the scene, introduces characters, and provides necessary background info.
complication
introduces a conflict
suspense
anxiety that heightens the reader's attention.
protagonist
principal character/hero of story.
antagonist
character/force opposed to protagonist.
foreshadowing
indications/hints of things to come.
crisis
a moment of high tension, usually leading to crisis.
denouement
follows the climax and resolves the action (falling action)
naturalism
fiction of grim realism in which the writer observes a character as the products or environment/heredity.
point of view
the angle of vision from which a story is told.
omniscient point of view
when the author writes in the third person and is all-knowing, knows what characters think and why.
objective point of view
when the actions and thoughts are presented without opinions.
limited omniscient
when the author writes from the 3rd persion but limits himself to understanding of 1 character.
1st person point of view
when a story is told by a character within the story
observer (point of view)
when the narrator stands a little to the side, watching as the story unfolds.
innocent/naive narrator
story told from the point of view of a narrator who does not understand the story.
unreliable narrator
narrator who the readers perceives as deceptive or deranged.
prose
opposite of poetry, non-metrical writing.
rites of passage
a story of initiation into maturity/experience. AKA loss of innocne or story of initiation.
sarcasm
bitter or cutting speech intended to injure.
satire
literature that pokes fun at human folly with the intention of changing things.
sentimentality
a defect in writing when a writer seems to feel emotion and implies that the reader should feel it, but doesn't provide enough info. to become emotional.
setting
time and place of a story
style
individual characteristics of a piece of writing.
symbol
something that means more than what it is. An object, person, or situation that represents something else beyong its literal meaning.
tone
emotional coloring of a work, the writer's attitude toward the subject.
understatement
deliberately represents something as less than it is for the purpose of ironic contrast.