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35 Cards in this Set

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Category of literature read/designates distinct types of categories which literary works are grouped according to form or technique.
A planned series of incidents occur, arising through a struggle to a climax and denouement.
The Seven Elements of Plot Are?
Main Situation
Technical Climax
Dramatic Climax
The main or central character or thing upon which the story is centered.
The rival or opposing force to the protagonist. (ie: another character, the weather, protagonist's own inner conflict, or large group of characters.)
Antagonist must be the same as the type of what?
Situation occuring at beginning of story and which brings about the conflict.
Main Situation
The four types of Conflict are?
Man Vs. Man... Protagonist is having some sort of difficulty with another character in the story.
Man Vs. Nature... Protagonist having some sort of difficulty with something in nature such as fire, hurricane, cold, etc.
Man Vs. Self... Protagonist having some sort of difficulty making a major decision or having some form of inner problems.
Man vs. Society at large...Protagonist is having some sort of difficulty with/or is doing something entirelyh opposite form all any of the characters in the story.
The turning point in the story/the conflict, as stated, has change in some way or another. (Can occur at the very end of a story in some situations.)
Technical Climax (T in the turning point)
Most exciting point or most dramatic point of the story.
Dramatic Climax
Final unraveling or ending to the story.
The central or dominating idea in a literary work. (assumed authors purpose)
Mood or feeling established in the work itself by the author and throughout the use use of various devices to create that mood.
The main intent of the author is to instruct, to give guidence in moral, ethical, or religious matters.
The work has the appearance or semblance of truth or actuality, the degree to which the writer faithfuly creates the semblance of the truth.
The eyes/voice through which the story is told.
Point of view
The four types of Literary points of view are what?
1st person narrator
Omniscient Narrorator
Concealed Narrator
Stream of Consciousness narrorator
Story is told by one of the major characters, usually the protaqgonist. Udse the word "I" frequently
1st person Narrator
Story is told, obviously, by the author. Primary use of third person form.
Omniscient Narrator
Story is told by more than one character, yet each, as if in first person narrator.
Concealed Narrator
Story is told throuth themind of the central character--in his thourhts and emotions/awareness.
Steam-of-conciousness narrator.
The use of symboles in writing particulary the serious and extensive use of such symboles.
The two types of symbolism are?
1)the phallic symbols, which are themselves univeral suggestions of meaning, as the ocean and land suggest time and eternity, or voyage suggest life;
2)the other type suggests something else--it secures it suggestiveness not from the qualities inherent in itself but fomr the way in which it is used in a given work. For example, in Moby Dick, the voyage, the land and the ocean seemed full of meanings and these are almost independent of melville's use of them in the novel; on the other hand, the white whale is invested with meaning and differing meaning fo differnet crew members--through melville's handling of materials in the novel.
The author gives hints or clues as to what will happen later in the story. This may be done through the use of symbols, tones, etc.
Device by which the author presents scenes of incidents that occurred prior to the opening scene of work. usually this device is used to clarify something for the reader.
Means the way the author reveals information about any of his characters, ie: the character's appearence, speach patterns, personality, etc.....
The three methods of Characterization are?
1)By the author - particularly used in omniscient point-of-view writing whereby the author fully describes a particular character.
2)By character's own actions and dialogue--from what the character says and does, thinks, etc. We learn all information about that character.
3)By another character--another character in the same story describes, things about, or refers to a character to the pint that the reader learns most information about the particular character from anotehr character's viewpoint.
Refers to all four main elements wherein the story is told.
The four elements of setting are:
1) Time Span - actual length of time covered the story
2)time-period in which the story takes place; ie: in History, in future, season, etc.
3)Place-actual geographical location of the story
4)Physical environment of the characters, beliefs of character; emotional conditoins of characters, etc.
The literary manner which blends a critical attitude with Humor and Wit to the end that human intuitions or humanity may be improved or corrected.
Either somehting happens in a story which is directly opposite that which is expected (situational), or wording wherein the actual intent is expressed in words which caryy opposite meaning (figure of speech). Ironry differs form sarcasm in that it is usually lighter, less harsh in its wording though an effect probably more cutting because of its indirectness.
Refers to the fact that a literary work should possess cohesiveness in its parts, be complete, self-contained and integrated; it possesses one-ness. The work may; however, be unified by FORM, intent, by THEME, by SYMBOLISM, in fact, by any means which can so intergrate and organize its elements that they have a necessary relationship to each other and are essential relationshiop to the whole of which they are parts.
The arrangement of word ina manner which at once best expresses the indiciduality of the author and the idea and intent on his mind. Style includes: diction, sentence structure, variety, imsagery, rhythm, coherence, emphasis, tone, setting, characters, ideas, and the arrangement of ideas.
an image, a descriptive detail, a plot patter, or a character type that occurs frequently in literature, MYTH, religion, folklore and is, therefore believed to evoke profound emotions in the reader; usually an image which recurs often enough in literature to be recognizable as an element of one's literary experience as a whole.
Name 5 ways style can be expressed.
Style includes: , sentence structure, , imsagery, rhythm, emphasis, tone, setting, ,variety, ideas, characters

Rets Vic