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60 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Metaphor
two things are compared with the verb ‘to be’
Simile
two things are compared using ‘like’ or ‘as’
Personification
giving a non-human, human characteristics
Alliteration
the repetition of a beginning consonant sound
Assonance
the repetition of the same vowel sound accompanied by unlike consonant sounds (roamed/loamed)
Hyperbole
a figure of speech employing obvious exaggeration
Onomatopoeia
the sound which suggests what the word means (splash, buzz, murmur)
Foreshadow
the dropping of important hints to prepare the reader for what is to come
Internal rhyme
the rhyming in the middle of two words (tagged/dragged)
Conflict (4 diff conflicts)
an argument between two opposing forces -person vs. person
-person vs. person
-person vs. nature
-person vs. self
-person vs. society
Irony
a contrast between what appears to be and what really is of inconsistency
Symbol
something that has a meaning in itself, but also suggests other meanings as well
Rhyme scheme
the fixed pattern of rhymes used in a poem
Plot
a series of actions; the plan or groundwork of the story
Theme
the idea, general truth, or commentary on life or people brought out in literary work
Setting
the time and place in which the events in a narrative take place
Characters
animals or people portrayed in a story
Dynamic
a character that changes throughout the story
Static
a character that will not change during the course of the story
Protagonist
a character that opposes the antagonist (good guy)
Antagonist
a character that opposes the protagonist (bad guy)
Point of view
the perspective from which the story is told
1st person
narrator is a character in the story
3rd person (3 diff types)
narrator not a character in story – tells about events and other people (he/she)
-omniscient
-limited
-objective
omniscient
‘all knowing’ narrator describes thoughts & actions of all characters
limited
confined to one character’s thoughts & actions
objective
describes only what can be seen and heard (not anybody’s thoughts)
2nd person
(rare) where you, yourself are the narrator
Imagery
Describing a place, animal, person or object with detail
Genre (give 4 diff types)
type or category of literature
-short story
-novel
-drama
-poetry
Pun
a play on words
Prose
ordinary writing as distinguished from verse
Stanza
a group of lines of verse treated as a unit and separated from other units by a space
Allusion
a reference to something or someone – often has literary, historical, cultural or geographical significance
Plot mountain (give 5 diff levels)
a series of events in a story put on a drawn out mountain
-exposition (explanation/background)
-rising action (complication)
-climax (crisis/high point)
-falling action (immediate follow-up after climax)
-resolution (denouement/conclusion)
Short story (give 3 elements)
a brief fictional narrative in prose
-universal problems
-climatic segment
-creative arrangement
Blank verse
unrhymed verse that is generally written in iambic pentameter
Oxymoron/Paradox
a statement that on the surface seems contradictory, yet if interpreted
figuratively, involves an element of truth
Soliloquy
a (usually long) dramatic speech intended to give the illusion of unspoken reflections; similar to a monologue
Aside
a line spoken off to the side by an actor to the audience but not intended for others on the stage
Iambic Pentameter
describes the meter of poetry written in lines consisting of five groups (pentameter) of two syllables each, the second syllable stressed more than the first (iambic foot)
Apostrophe
a figure of speech in which words are addressed to a person or thing – absent or present – or to a personified idea, such as death, truth, or nature.
Ballad
a narrative that sprang from unknown sources, was transmitted by word of mouth (often altered in the process), and was designed to be sung.
Lyric
any short poem that seems to be especially musical and expressed, in most instances, the poet’s clearly revealed thought and feelings.
Dramatic Monologue
a poem representing itself as a long speech made by one person to a silent
listener, usually not the reader
Free Verse
verse which does not conform to any fixed pattern. Such poetic devices as rhyme and regular rhythm occur only incidentally.
Epic
a long narrative poem that deals with persons of heroic proportions and with
actions of great significance
Narrative
a story told in verse form
Ode
a lengthy, dignified lyric poem expressing exalted or enthusiastic emotion, often about some person or occasion worthy of esteem
Sonnet (the 2 kinds)
a poem consisting of fourteen lines, usually written in iambic pentameter and dealing with a single idea or emotion
-Italian or Petrarchan Sonnet
-Shakespearean Sonnet
Italian or Petrarchan Sonnet (explain its format)
A sonnet composed of an octave (8 lines) followed by a sestet (6 lines). Has rhyme scheme of: abba,abba,cd,cd,cd
Shakespearean Sonnet (explain its format)
A sonnet composed of three quatrains and two rhyming couplets. Has rhyme scheme of: abab,cdcd,efef,gg
Romance
a long narrative either in verse or prose, which deals with chivalric adventures, courtships and loves
Limerick
structured poem that are usually humorous, and are composed of 5 lines, in an aacca rhyming pattern.
2 examples of a ballad
- Get Up and Bar the Door by Anonymous
- Sir Patrick Spens by Anonymous
1 example of a lyric
- Written in March by William Wordsworth
1 example of a dramatic monologue
- My Last Duchess by Robert Browning
1 example of a free verse
- In the Unroamed by Mason Williams
3 examples of a narrative
- Paul Revere’s Ride by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
- Casey at the Bat by Ernest Lawrence Thayer
- The Lady of Shalott Alfred Lord Tennyson
1 example of a romance
- Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare