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32 Cards in this Set

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protagonist
Main character
personification
When inanimate objects are endowed with human qualities or are represented as possessing human form.
foreshadowing
To present an indication or a suggestion of beforehand.
setting
The physical and social context in which the action of a story occurs. The major elements of setting are the time, the place, and the social environment that frames the characters.
metaphor
A comparison that does not use "like" or "as". More forceful.
simile
A comparison using "like" or "as". Shows the differences and similarities between your topic and the object/animal/person with which it is compared. We use similes to describle things that are hard to describe. Shock value.
genre
The style of writing.
Chivalric romance
1. Narrative told in verse form.
2. Code of valor or honor involving royalty, etc.
3. Follows rules of courtly love.
Courtly love
1. Love is idealized.
2. The lover does not posses his love, rather he loves from afar.
3. Woman is put on pedestal.
Fabliau
1. Low humor (scatological).
2. Trickery.
3. Undermines serious romance (chivalry).
Breton Lais
1. Set in Brittany (northern France).
2. Magic fairies and folklore.
3. A crime punished by an unusual justice.
beast fable
1. Talking animals.
2. Few humans, if any.
3. Moral to the story.
exemplum
1. An example.
2. A brief story used to make a point in an argument or to illustrate a moral truth
irony
You expect one thing to happen, but the opposite happens.
antagonist
The person or force against the protagonist.
flat
Someone who's moral characteristics can be summed up in 1-2 traits.
Round
The author gives us many distinguishing characteristics, multi-faceted characteristics.
dynamic (developing)
Changes during the story.
static
Stays the same throughout the story.
foil
A character similar to but less perfect than the protagonist to make the main character look better. i.e. Dr. Watson is a foil to Sherlock Holmes.
mirror
A character reflecting the protagonist with similar characteristics.
four types of conflict
Man vs. man
Man vs. nature
Man vs. society
Man vs. Himself
Man vs. Supernatural
first person
The story is told by a character from the story.
pronoun clues- I, we, me, my our...
3rd person objective
-The story is told by a narrator who is not in the story.
-The narrator is an observer
- He or she does not know the thoughts or feelings of the characters.
3rd Person Omniscient
-The story is told by a narrator who is not a character in the story.
- The narrator knows the thoughts and feelings of the characters.
3rd Person Limited
-The narrator tells the story in 3rd person, but he or she is limmited to a complete knowledge (thoughts and feelings) of only one character.
allusion
A reference to common knowledge.
symbols
Persons, places, things, or actions that have more meaning than that which is apparant on the surface.
metaphor
A word or phrase that ordinarily designates one thing is used to designate another, thus making a comparison.
theme
Theme is the controlling idea- the sentral insight of a literary work- the author's interpretation of life, not a moral.

Characteritics of theme.
1. Theme is expressed in a complete sentence (subj. + pred)
2. Theme is expressed as a generalization (DO NOT name characters or plot)
3. Be careful to avoid overgeneralizing (Ex: all people/no one)
4. Theme is the unifying idea. It accounts for all the details of the plot.
5. Never express theme in a cliché.

A topic is one word, a theme is not.
suspense
The quality in a story that makes the reader ask "What's going to happen next?" It intensifies the curiosity.
1. Mystery- the unexplainable.
2. Dilemma- the character has to make a choice.
rhetoric
Using quotes from famous or intelligent people, statistics, or facts to prove a point.