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65 Cards in this Set

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Flashback
section of literary work that interrupts the sequence of events to tell about an earlier event
Stanza
a group of lines in a poem considered as a
unit
Irony
literary technique that involves a difference between appearance and reality, expectation, and result, or meaning and intention
Epic
long narrative poem about a hero who has superhuman powers (gods and goddesses)
Exaggeration
overstatement used for humor
Foreshadowing
hints about later events
Dilemma
situation in which a person must choose between two equal alternatives
Novel
long work of fiction: book length work of fiction
Myth
fable that deals with the gods
Aside
remark made to the audience, unheard by characters
Legend
widely told story about the past (may or may not be true)
Comedy
work of literature in which character overcomes his limitations and the work has a happy ending
Ballad
poem that tells a story about a legendary person or historical character
Stanza
a group of lines in a poem considered as a
unit
Refrain
repeated line or group of lines in a poem or story
Biography
nonfiction writing in which writer tells the life of the person
Symbol
object, person, idea, or action that represents
something other than itself, anything that stands for something other than itself
Prologue
introduction
Exposition
introduction, characters, setting, and the basic situation: provides background information: sets the scene for the conflict
Autobiography
nonfiction writing in which the writer tells about his/her life
Figurative language
writing or speech that is not
meant to be interpreted literally (word for word)
example: simile, metaphor,personification
Novel
book length work of fiction
Sonnet
fourteen line lyric poem
Onomatopoeia
use of words to imitate sounds:example: sizzle, hiss, bang, & pop)
Short story
brief tale that can be read in one sitting

Repetition
use of words again and again
Essay

short nonfiction work about a particular subject

Rhyme

repetition of sounds to create mental pictures

Imagery
use of words to create mental pictures
Quatrain
a stanza or poem made up of four lines

Soliloquy

a speech by a character, alone on stage, expressing his/her thoughts to the
audience

Stereotype
something conforming to a general fixed pattern; standardized mental picture that is held in common by members of a group that represents an oversimplified opinion or attitude
Archetype
original pattern or model of all things of same
type. (a perfect example)original pattern or model on which something is patterned
Essay
short, nonfiction work about a particular subject
Narrative
a story
Resolution
how a situation turns out, loose ends are tied up

Point of view
angle or perspective from which a story is told
Lyric
poetry that expresses strong emotional response
Climax
turning point in a story: highest point of interest
Nonfiction
writing that explains ideas or tells about real people, places, or objects: writing about real life, true
Fiction
writing that is based on imagination: made up: false.

Secondary Character
minor character in a work of literature

Narrator
a storyteller

Protagonist
main character in a literary work

Plot
series of related events
Conflict
struggle between opposing forces or people
Antagonist
character or force in conflict with the main character-against the main character
Point of view
angle or perspective from which a story is told
Dramatic irony
contradiction between what a character thinks and what the reader or audience knows
Setting
time and place in which a story takes place
Personification
giving human qualities to nonhuman object
Hyperbole
extravagant exaggeration or overstatement
Tragedy
work of dramatic literature in which the main character suffers a downfall or catastrophe
Assonance
repetition of vowel sounds followed by deferent consonants in two or more stressed syllables
Prose
ordinary language of writing and speaking


Alliteration
repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words-Anna ate an apple
Theme-
central idea or insight about life
Rhythm
arrangement of accented and unaccented syllables
Simile
comparison that uses the word: like or as
Mood
feeling that is created in a reader (atmosphere)
Metaphor
comparison in which one thing is spoken of, as though it were something else
Stage directions
notes included in a drama to describe how a work is to be performed
Dialogue
conversation between two or more people
Consonance
repetition in two or more works of the final consonants in stressed syllables
Denouement
any events which occur after the resolution: final outcome: final resolution