Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The Classical Period
1200 BCE - 455 CE

Includes Classical Greek Period, Classical Roman Period and Patristic Period
The Medieval Period
455 - 1485 CE

Includes Old English (Anglo-Saxon) Period, Middle English Period and Late ("High") Medieval Period
The Renaissance and Reformation
1485-1660 CE

Includes Early Tudor, Elizabethan, Jacobean, Caroline Periods, Commonwealth Period (Puritan Interregnum).
The Enlightenment
1660-1790 CE

Also called Neoclassical.

Includes The Restoration, Augustan Period, The Age of Johnson. In America, The Colonial Period.
Romantic Period
1790-1830 CE

In America, called the Transcendental Period.

Blake, Byron, Shelley, Coleridge, Goethe, Herder, Gothic Novels. Poe, Hawthorne.
Victorian and Nineteenth Century
1832-1901 CE

Queen Victoria's reign. Dickens, Browning, Tennyson, Arnold, Bronte Sisters, Jane Austen

Pre-Raphaelites, Asceticism, Decadence, Oscar Wilde, Whitman, Emily Dickinson, Stephen Crane
Modern Period
1914-1945 CE

Yeats, Auden, Woolf, Dylan Thomas, Robert Frost, Flanner O'Connor, Stein, Hemingway, Lost Generation, Harlem Renaissance, Realism
Postmodern Period
1945 onward

Eliot, Morrison, Shaw, Beckett, Stoppard, Pynchon, Ginsberg, Magical Realism, Multiculturalism, non-Caucasian authors, surrealism with conventions of realism.
Classical Greek Period
800-200 BCE

Gorgias, Aesop, Plato, Socrates, Aristotle, Euripides, Sophocles
Golden Age of Greece
Fifth Century BCE (499-400 BCE)

The polis, City-State, early democracy, Athenian glory.
Classical Roman Period
200 BCE - 455 CE

Rome conquers Greece in 146 CE. Plautus, Terence, Ovid, Horace, Virgil, Marcus Aurelius, Lucretius, Cicero, Quintillian.
Patristic Period
70 CE - 455 CE

Early Christian writings. Augustine, Tertullian, Saint Cyprian, Ambrose and Saint Jerome, compilation of Bible by Jerome.

Barbarians sack Rome in 455 CE.
Old English (Anglo-Saxon) Period
455 CE - 799 CE

"Dark Ages." After fall of Rome. Anglo-Saxon spread, displacing Celts. Beowulf, The Wanderer, The Seafarer.
Carolingian Renaissance
800-850 CE

Early Medieval encyclopedias, grammars. Period of Viking Sagas.
Middle English Period
1066-1450 CE

Norman French conquer England in 1066, leading to 12th Century Renaissance (1100-1200 CE): chivalric romances, Chretien de Troyes, Marie de France, Abelard.
Late or "High" Medieval Perdio
1200-1485 CE

Middle English writings of Geoffrey Chaucer, "Gawain" or "Pearl" poet, the Wakefield Master and William Langland. Also, Boccacio, Petrarch, Dante, Christine de Pisan
Early Tudor Period
1485-1558 CE

War of the Roses ends and Henry VII claim throne. Martin Luther and emergence of Protestantism. Henry VIII's Anglican schism. Spenser.
Elizabethan Period
1558-1603 CE

Queen Elizabeth saves England from Spanish invasion and internal turmoil.

Shakespeare early plays, Marlowe, Kydd, Sidney.
Jacobean Period
1603-1625 CE

Shakespeare later work, Aemilia Lanyer, Ben Johnson, John Donne.
Caroline Age
1625-1649 CE

Milton, Herbert, Herrick, Cavalier Poetry, Sons of Ben, reign of Charles I.
Commonweath Period (Puritan Interregnum)
Under Cromwell's Puritan dictatorship. Milton continues; Marvell, Sir Thomas Browne.
The Restoration
1660-1700 CE

Restoration of Charles II to throne. French and Classical influences. Dryden, Locke, Pepys, Goldsmith, Gay, Congreve. Racine, Moliére.
Augustan Age
1700-1750 CE

Transition toward Romanticism, still Neoclassical. Dr. Samuel Johnson, Boswell, Gibbon vs. Robert Burns, Thomas Gray, Crabbe. Colonial America: Franklin, Jefferson, Paine.