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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
attack ad hominem
An attack "against the man"; a fallacious attack in which the thrust is directed, not at the conclusion one wishes to deny, but at the person who asserts or defends it.
bandwagon
A popular party, faction, or cause that attracts growing support; a current or fashionable trend
base word
A word to which affixes may be added to create related
Example: Teach in reteach or teaching
blend
A combination of sounds represented by letters to pronounce a word; sounding out the joining of the sounds represented by two or more letters with minimal change in those sounds, such as the consonant cluster in /gr/ in grow, /spl/ in splash.
boundary
A division between units of a language, such as between words, word parts, or syllables.
climax
The point of highest dramatic tension or a major turning point in the action (such as in a play, story, or other literary composition).
clustering
A content field technique or strategy to help students freely associate ideas in their experience with a keyword proposed by the teacher, thus forming a group of related concepts; a teaching process of relating a target word to a set of synonyms and other word associations. Note: Clustering may be used to stimulate the recall of related ideas in reading and writing, especially in prewriting.
complement
The word (or words) that completes the action in the predicate of a sentence; to complete a grammatical construction in this way. Example: Tom is a policeman (complement).
compound sentence
A sentence consisting of two or more coordinate independent clauses. Example: George talked and Harry listened.
concrete image
A literal representation of a sensory experience or of an object that can be known by more than one of the senses; representation that involves no necessary change or extension in the obvious meaning of the words; the words call up a sensory representation of the literal object or sensation.
consonant doubling
The addition of a consonant in the formation of some gerunds and participles. Example: Running.
context clues
The information from the immediate textual setting that helps identify a word for decoding (sounding out) and words being read for the first time. The reader's speaking vocabulary is a back-up strategy and is primarily useful to resolve ambiguity (is bread pronounced bred or breed?) and to confirm the accuracy of decoding (does it make sense and does it sound right?). The context helps resolve which shade of meaning is intended (prog-ress or pro-gress) and is used for learning the meaning of new words that can be decoded or pronounced but are not yet in the reader's speaking vocabulary; it is a primary strategy.
decoding
The ability and willingness to sound out words by generating all the sounds into a recognizable word (technically called phonological recoding). The ability to get the meaning of a word quickly, effortlessly, and unconsciously after a brief visual scan, such as in automaticity with individual words (which is the product of initial phonological decoding, followed by the reading of that word successfully several times, preferably in text, until the neural connections among the letters, the sounds, and the meaning of the word are fully established).
denouement
The final outcome of the main dramatic event in a literary work.
description
One of the four traditional forms of composition in speech and writing, it is meant to give a verbal picture of the character and event, including the setting.