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52 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
alliteration
the commencement of two or more words of a word group with the same letter
allegory
A symbolic representation
allusion
passing reference or indirect mention
assonance
rhyme in which the same vowel sounds are used with different consonants in the stressed syllables of the rhyming words
ballad
any light, simple song, esp. one of sentimental or romantic character, having two or more stanzas all sung to the same melody
blank verse
Verse consisting of unrhymed lines, usually of iambic pentameter
cacaphony
harsh discordance of sound; dissonance
connotation
the associated or secondary meaning of a word or expression in addition to its explicit or primary meaning
consonance
the use of the repetition of consonants or consonant patterns as a rhyming device
couplet
a pair of successive lines of verse, esp. a pair that rhyme and are of the same length
denonation
The most specific or direct meaning of a word, in contrast to its figurative or associated meanings
dramatic poetry
Poetry in which one or more characters speak
Elegy
a mournful, melancholy, or plaintive poem
epic
noting or pertaining to a long poetic composition, usually centered upon a hero, in which a series of great achievements or events is narrated in elevated style
extended metaphor
a metaphor that is extended through a stanza or entire poem, often by multiple comparisons of unlike objects or ideas
free verse
verse that does not follow a fixed metrical pattern
haiku
a major form of Japanese verse, written in 17 syllables divided into 3 lines of 5, 7, and 5 syllables, and employing highly evocative allusions and comparisons, often on the subject of nature or one of the seasons
Idyll
A short poem or prose piece depicting a rural or pastoral scene, usually in idealized terms
Imagery
the formation of mental images, figures, or likenesses of things, or of such images collectively
lyric poem
a short poem of songlike quality
metaphor
A figure of speech in which a word or phrase that ordinarily designates one thing is used to designate another, thus making an implicit comparison
meter
poetic measure; arrangement of words in regularly measured, patterned, or rhythmic lines or verses
modernism
The deliberate departure from tradition and the use of innovative forms of expression that distinguish many styles in the arts and literature of the 20th century
mood
a prevailing emotional tone or general attitude
narrative poem
poem that tells a story and has a plot
naturalism
Factual or realistic representation
octave
A poem or stanza containing eight lines
ode
a lyric poem typically of elaborate or irregular metrical form and expressive of exalted or enthusiastic emotion
onomatopoeia
using words that imitate the sound they denote
personification
the attribution of a personal nature or character to inanimate objects or abstract notions
poetry
the art of rhythmical composition, written or spoken, for exciting pleasure by beautiful, imaginative, or elevated thoughts
pun
the humorous use of a word or phrase so as to emphasize or suggest its different meanings or applications, or the use of words that are alike or nearly alike in sound but different in meaning; a play on words
realism
a manner of treating subject matter that presents a careful description of everyday life, usually of the lower and middle classes
repetition
repeated utterance; reiteration
rhyme
A poem or verse having a regular correspondence of sounds, especially at the ends of lines
masculine rhyme
a rhyme of but a single stressed syllable, as is disdain/complain
feminine rhyme
A rhyme in which the final syllable is unstressed, as in feather/heather
rhyme scheme
the pattern of rhymes used in a poem, usually marked by letters to symbolize correspondences
rhythm
a regular, repeated pattern of sounds, stresses or beats
romanticism
characterized by a heightened interest in nature, emphasis on the individual's expression of emotion and imagination, departure from the attitudes and forms of classicism, and rebellion against established social rules and conventions
scansion
Analysis of verse into metrical patterns
sestet
poem or stanza containing six lines
setting
the locale or period in which the action of a novel, play, film, etc., takes place
similie
A figure of speech in which two essentially unlike things are compared, often in a phrase introduced by like or as
sonnet
A 14-line verse form usually having one of several conventional rhyme schemes
speaker
a person who is or was speaking
stanza
One of the divisions of a poem composed of two or more lines usually characterized by a common pattern of meter, rhyme, and number of lines.
surrealism
stressing the subconscious or nonrational significance of imagery arrived at by automatism or the exploitation of chance effects, unexpected juxtapositions, etc
tanka
A Japanese verse form in five lines, the first and third composed of five syllables and the rest of seven.
theme
a subject of discourse, discussion, meditation, or composition; topic
tradgedy
any literary composition, as a novel, dealing with a somber theme carried to a tragic conclusion
villanelle
A 19-line poem of fixed form consisting of five tercets and a final quatrain on two rhymes, with the first and third lines of the first tercet repeated alternately as a refrain closing the succeeding stanzas and joined as the final couplet of the quatrain