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40 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
homeric similie
vehicle: the image being used
tenor: the actual thing being described/compared
trope
in literature, a phrase, words, or images that are repeated
proem
introductory verses
aristeia
a zeroing in of a specific character's battle
arete
prowess; specialty
time
honor
kudos
the property of having success and going forth as a victor; (can result in kleos)
kleos
glory; fame
menis/menin
the wrath of gods (or Achilleus, used with no other mortal)
nostos/nostai
homecoming
ate
ruin; an irrational force that cause people to make stupid mistakes
ekphrasis
verbal description of a work of visual art (i.e., Homer's ekphrasis of Achilleus' armor)
etiology
tells a stor and explains the origin of something
embedded narrative
when the narrator gives the story to a character to tell
metis
cunning intelligence
reversed similie
something being compaired to something else that it does not seem likely to have anything to do with
topos
a commonplace thing that different writers keep coming back to (kleos/nostos)
dramatic irony
something a character does or says that leads the reader to know more of what will happen that the character himself knows
deus ex machina
the solution to a problem coming from left field...from a " "
nomos
law; custom
telos
the end, in the sense of the purpose for which one does something
tisis
retributive justice
koros
satisfaction
hubris
pride that leads one to do something outrages b/c one is satisfied with one's situation (koros) and wants more
ate
irrational behavior
nemesis
retribution
skene
wooden roof type thing representing a house/palace onstage
parados
enter on stage
exodus
exit off stage
emblem
sybolic representation (agamemnon's walking on the robes...symbolic of what he has already done)
catharsis
cleansing or purging through some means (in this case, a play)
(aristotle's def of) tragedy
a machine that helps the audience feel catharsis through pity or terror
plot
the best kind of tragedies have reversals and recongitions and they happen through the same action, simultaneously
perpeteia
change of fortune
hamartia
missing the mark through an "error"
error
an unintentional act that is not morally bad (b/c it is not intentional) but is still devastating
eros
sexual love
thumos
the spirited part of a person (medea, odysseus telling his heart to calm down, his " ")
ascetic
denying the needs of the body
aporia
(reaching) the point of self contradiction; realizing that your own position seems rediculous to you and contradictory to what you actually believe or to your behavior