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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
alveolar
formed by means of a constriction or blockage between the tongue tip or blade and the ridge just behind the upper teeth
stop
a consonant sound made by temporarily blocking the airflow completely
fricative
a consonant sound in which the airflow is channeled through a narrow opening in the vocal tract, producing turbulence
bilabial
formed by means of a constriction between two lips
voiced
1) accompanied by vocal cord vibration
2) a feature assigned to phonemes that are accompanied by periodic vibration of the vocal cords
voiceless
not accompanied by vocal cord vibration
affricate
1) a single consonant sound that consists of a stop followed by a secondary fricative release at the same point of articulation
2) a feature assigned to single phonemes that consist of a stop formed by a secondary fricative release
phoneme
a speech sound that is psychologically a single unit, in contrast with other such units, but is often realized by two or more allophones that are in either complementary distribution or free variation with each other
phonology
the subfield of linguistics that studies the structure and systematic patterning of sounds in human language
labiodental
formed by means of constricution between the lower lip and the upper teeth
liquid
a consonant sound in which the vocal tract is neither closed off nor constricted to a degree that produces friction
glide
a vowel-like sound that precedes or follows a true vowel
glottal
formed by means of a constriction of the vocal cords
velar
formed by means of a constriction between the body of the tongue and the velum
/p/
voiceless bilabial stop

pin
/b/
voiced bilabial stop

bob
/t/
voiceless alveolar stop

tin
/d/
voiced alveolar stop

dad
/k/
voiceless velar stop

kite
/g/
voiced velar stop

gag
/f/
voiceless labiodental fricative

fish
/v/
voiced labiodental fricative

vine
/θ/
voiceless (inter)dental fricative

theta
/ᵭ/
voiced interdental fricative

"eth"
this
/s/
voiceless alveolar fricative

sit
/z/
voiced alveolar fricative

Zeke
/ʃ/
voiceless alveopalatal fricative

ship
/ʒ/
voiced alveopalatal fricative

Zsa-Zsa, Jacques, measure
/h/
voiceless glottal fricative

how
/tʃ/ or /č/
voiceless alveopalatal affricate

chip