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15 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Alphabetic Principle
the correspondence of letters and letter combinations(graphemes) to phonemes
chunk
a group of letters that is processed as a unit corresponding to a piece of a word, usually a consonant cluster, onset-rime pattern, syllable or morpheme
grapheme
a letter or letter combination that spells a phoneme it may be one, two , three, or four letters in English ( e, ei, igh, eigh)
lographic
a form of writing that represents the meaning of words and concepts with pictures or signs
morphem
the smallest meaning of the word
orthography
the writing system of a language
phoneme
one of the speech sound units that is combined to make words in language such as the t in tug or the r in rug
phonemic awareness
the ability to identify, think about, or manipulate the individual sounds in words
phonological awareness
the awareness of various speech sounds such as syllables, rhyme, and individual phonemes
semantics
the study of systems of word meanings and relationships
syllabe
the unit of oral laguage pronunciation that is organized around a vowel
onset
the onset of a single syllable or word is the initial consonant sound
blend
refers to consonants made of two or three letter sequences that are blended together (l blends fl,cl,fl, fl, pl,sl) a two letter blend represents two sounds, three/three sounds
diagraph
two letters that represent one sound, such as sh, ch, th, wh,
diphthong
a complex speech sound beginning with one vowel sound and moving to another within the same syllable oy in boy, oi in noise