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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Larynx
Contains the vocal folds and the glottis
Vocal Folds
These are within the larynx. They are folds of muscle in the larynx. They open (voiceless) and close (voice).
Glottis
The space between the vocal folds
Alveolar ridge
Bony structure located just behind the front teeth
Hard palate
The hard palate is a thin horizontal bony plate of the skull, located in the roof of the mouth.
Velum
Soft part of the roof of the mouth behind the hard palate; when this part is raised the nasal cavity is closed; when it is lowered, air escapes from the nose and a nasal sound is produced
Nasal cavity
The nasal cavity is a large air-filled space above and behind the nose in the middle of the face.
Bilabial
Both lips
Labiodental
Lips and teeth
Interdental
Refers to sounds produced by positioning the tip of the tongue between the upper and lower teeth.
Alveolar
Description of sounds produced by making contact between the tongue and the alveolar ridge
Palatal
Refers to sounds made with the tongue approximating the hard part of the roof of the mouth
Velar
Sounds produced when the back of the tongue is raised toward the velum as the place of articulation.
Glottal
Sounds that are produced at the glottis
Stop
Made by obstructing the air stream completely in the oral cavity
Fricative
Are made by forming a nearly complete obstruction of the vocal tract
Affricate
Made by:
1. briefly stopping the air stream completely, and
2. releasing the articulators slightly so that frication is produced
Nasal
Are produced by:
1. lowering the velum, and 2. (thus) opening the nasal passage to the vocal tract
Liquid
Involve a substantial constriction of the vocal tract, but the constrictions for liquids are not narrow enough to block the vocal tract or cause turbulence
Glide
Made with only a slight closure of the articulators, (if the vocal tract were any more open, the result would be a vowel sound)