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15 Cards in this Set

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Phonetics
All communicaion systems have a medium through which signal is sent...spoken language=sound...phonetics studies the medium..(acoustic properties of sound wave, how sound waves get created, how sound waves are interpreted)
Phonology
Studies the regularities/rules about how sounds are allowed to combine in a specific language
Two guiding principles of IPA
1. There should be a separate symbol for each sound.

2. If the same sound is used in several languages, the same sound should be used
Vowels with closure
Vowels are produced with no closure in the vocal tract
Consonants with closure
Consonants are produced with some sort of closure or constriction in the vocal tract
3 features of consonants
Voicing
Place
Manner
Voicing (consonants)
What the vocal folds are doing
The larynx with voicing
is one of the main sources of sound during speech...it consists of a set of connected cartilages and the vocal folds..the vocal folds vibrate when they are brought close together (adducted) and there is sufficient airflow
Voiced and voiceless
Voiced: vocal cords adducted, and hence vibrate

Voiceless: vocal fold abducted, and hence do no vibrate
Place of articulation (consonants)
Where the constriction is made in the vocal tract
Manner of articulation (consonants)
How the constriction is made
Vowel features in English
Backness (of tongue)
Height (of tongue)
Rounding (of lips)
Tense/lax (long/short)
Backness features (vowel)
back, front, central
Height features (vowel)
high, low, mid
Rounding features (vowel)
rounded, unrounded